Course Information
FacultyHealth Sciences
Cycle / Level1st / Undergraduate
Teaching PeriodSpring
Course ID180000084

Class Information
Academic Year2012 – 2013
Class PeriodSpring
Faculty Instructors
Weekly Hours4
Class ID
Mode of Delivery
  • Face to face
Digital Course Content
Language of Instruction
  • Greek (Instruction)
Learning Outcomes
The module enables students not only to identify medicines but also to quantify them in their pure form in pharmaceutical formulations and in biological liquids through various techniques such as Infrared spectrophotometry, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance techniques (protons and carbon 13), mass spectrometry and chromatography (thin layer, paper, open column chromatography, gas chromatography, high-performance chromatography). This kind of knowledge is considered fundamental and essential for the possible future professional employment of a pharmacy graduate in a Pharmaceutical Analysis Laboratory.
General Competences
  • Apply knowledge in practice
  • Retrieve, analyse and synthesise data and information, with the use of necessary technologies
  • Adapt to new situations
  • Make decisions
  • Work autonomously
Course Content (Syllabus)
Infrared Absorption spectrophotometry. Principle of the method, recording techniques of infrared spectrums, the use of infrared in the qualitative control of the pharmaceutical active substances, clarification of the creation of a drug substance, quantification through b Spectroscopy of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance: Principles of the method, scanning techniques, pulse technique, proton NMR spectra, factors influencing chemical shifts-electronegativity-shielding and deshielding : the presence of electro negative atoms in the pharmaceutical molecules(electronegative groups ,such as fluorine /iodine etc withdraw electron density from other groups –inductive effect- and this deshielding effect means that the neibouring hydrogen atoms experience a greater nett magnetic field, and, precess with higher frequency), the induced anisotropic magnetic field around a hydrogen atom-diamagnetic and paramagnetic (deshielding) effect, interpretability of all the data. NMR quantification: quantification of pharmaceutical substances on the basis of the proton absorption resonances, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectra of Carbon-13. Quantifications of pharmaceutical substances on the basis of resonance absorption of C-13. Use of the internal standard substance and construction a calibration curve. Chromatogaphy: principle, classification of chromatographic methods, applications in Pharmacetical Analysis., the importance of chromatography in Pharmaceutical.Analysis., materials that are used as stationary phase in various chromatographic methods. Chromatography isotherms, open-column chromatography, flat chromatographic methods: paper chromatography, thin layer chromatography.Gas chromatography (GSC, GLC), liquid chromatography, normal and reverse phase). Comparison of chromatographic methods, chromatographic parameters (development), comparison of chromatographic methods and other analysis methods, chromatographic systems for HLPC applications. Selection of chromatographic system, preparation and de-gasing of the mobile phase, conservation of the column. Quality evaluation of chromatograms. Development of chromatographic system and improvement of its quality. Applications of chromatographic methods for the determination of active substances in formulations and in biological liquids. Mass photometry: Basic principle of the method. Instrumentation. Characteristics of the molecular ion. Metastable peaks. Study of splitting mechanisms of various groups of medicines (examples of 2-imidazolines and benzodiazepines). Applications.
Educational Material Types
  • Notes
  • Slide presentations
  • Video lectures
  • Book
Use of Information and Communication Technologies
Use of ICT
  • Use of ICT in Course Teaching
The laboratory has been enriched with electronic educational material, that is, special software in CD-ROM format which contains the spectra of the medicines as well as their solid chemical structure in space (bonds length, ring arrangement, various bonds angles) so that the relation of the medicine structure with the relevant spectrum to be obvious. Moreover, a large part of the laboratory practice is done by the students with the application of a special UVPC programme. The lectures of the modules are enriched by multimedia use (power point presentations, videos etc).
Course Organization
Laboratory Work
Written assigments
Student Assessment
Οnce the laboratory course is successfully completed with a pass mark and the laboratory notebook is handed in corrected, each student with his/her team should hand in a paper on an earlier assigned topic (the paper should be corrected). At the end of the academic year, students have to undergo oral exams. After having completed the above mentioned obligations, students can participate in the written exams of the pharmaceutical analysis modules. Cooperativeness and interpersonal relationship with the instructor plays an important role in the student assessment.
Student Assessment methods
  • Written Exam with Short Answer Questions (Formative)
  • Oral Exams (Formative)
  • Written Exam with Problem Solving (Formative)
  • Labortatory Assignment (Formative)
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