Clinical Sciences III

Course Information
TitleΚύκλος 8 (III):ΚΛΙΝΙΚΕΣ ΕΠΙΣΤΗΜΕΣ ΙΙΙ / Clinical Sciences III
CodeΚ8Γ
FacultyHealth Sciences
SchoolVeterinary
Cycle / Level1st / Undergraduate
Teaching PeriodWinter/Spring
CommonNo
StatusInactive
Course ID200000696

Class Information
Academic Year2014 – 2015
Class PeriodWinter
Faculty Instructors
Class ID
200018386
Type of the Course
  • Scientific Area
Course Category
Specific Foundation / Core
Mode of Delivery
  • Face to face
Digital Course Content
Erasmus
The course is also offered to exchange programme students.
Language of Instruction
  • Greek (Instruction, Examination)
Learning Outcomes
Alimentary system: to understand the pathologic and pathophysiologic basis, clinical manifestations, diagnostic approach and the medical and surgical treatment of the diseases affecting the gastrointestinal system (including liver and pancreas) and to become familiar with the basic principles of the gastrointestinal system surgery in the dog and cat. R eproductiv e system: to obtain working knowledge on the pathophysiology of reproduction and the clinical manifestations, medical and surgical tr eatments of the male genital system and to understand the basic principles of obstetrics, pathology of reproduction and pathological anatomy of female livestock animals; to become familiar with the modern methods of insemination and reproduction management of animals.
Course Content (Syllabus)
1 st Section Diseases of oral cavity, salivary glands, stomach (ruminant forestomach) small and large intestine 2 nd Section Hernias. Peritoneal cavity. Diseases of esophagus, liver and pangreas. Pathophysiology of reproduction and pathology of male genital track 3 rd Section Obstetrics ‐ Pathology of Reproduction and Pathological Anatomy of Female Productive Animals and Horse Modern Methods of Insemination and Management of Reproduction of animals 21B Pathology 1 st hour Oral Cavity. Developmental anomalies of the oral cavity. Teeth: anomalies of tooth development, degenerative diseases, inflammatory lesions, dental neoplasms. Circulatory disturbances, foreign bodies, stomatitides, neoplasms of the oral cavity. Conditions affecting the tonsils [P.L.] 113 2 nd hour Salivary glands: foreign bodies, sialoliths, infammatory diseases, neoplasms. Oesophagus: oesophagitis, neoplasms [P.L.] 3 rd hour Ruminant forestomach. Foreign bodies of the rumen. Traumatic reticulitis. Inflammatory diseases of the forestomach (bacterial, mycotic, parasitic). Neoplasms of the forestomach [T.P.] 4 th hour Stomach. Gastric dilation and volvulus. Abomasal displacement. Abomasal ulcers. Circulatory disturbances. Gastritis (acute, chronic, eosinophilic, bacterial, mycotic). Gastric neoplasms [T.P.] 5 th hour Intestine. Congenital and acquired abnormalities, circulatory disturbances, inflammation of the small intestine (acute and chronic enteritis), inflammation of the large intestine (typhlocolitis), amyloidosis [T.P.] 6 th ‐ 7 th hour Viral diseases affecting the alimentary system: foot ‐ and ‐ mouth disease, vesicular stomatitides, BVD ‐ MD, rinderpest, malignant catarrhal fever. Enterititides due to herpesviruses, adenoviruses, coronaviruses, rotaviruses and parvoviruses [T.P.] 8 th ‐ 9 th hour Bacterial diseases affecting the alimentary system. Collibacillosis (swine, bovine). Salmonellosis of ruminants, pigs, horses, carnivores. Enterotoxaemia of lambs, goat kids, calves, foals. Enterotoxaemia of sheep, goats, bovines, piglets; pulpy kidney disease. Peracute haemorrhagic gastroenteritis of dogs. Paratuberculosis of ruminants. Chlamydiosis, fungal diseases including candidiasis and histoplasmosis, mucoid enteropathy, Tyzzer’s disease, enteritides due to Yersinia and Campylobacter [T.P.] 10 th hour Parasitic diseases affecting the alimentary system. Enteritides due to protozoa, nematodes, cestodes, trematodes. Intestinal neoplasms [T.P.] 22B Diagnostic approach (methods of examination and clinical pathology) 11 th hour Diagnostic approach of oral cavity and esophageal disorders (clinical signs, hematological and biochemical abnormalities, endoscopy findings, special diagnostic procedures) [T.R.] 12 th hour Diagnostic approach of gastric disorders (clinical signs, hematological and biochemical abnormalities, endoscopy findings, special diagnostic procedures) [T.R.] 13 th hour Diagnostic approach of intestinal disorders (clinical signs, hematological and biochemical abnormalities, endoscopy findings, special diagnostic procedures) [T.R.] 114 23B Canine and Feline Gastroenterology 14 th hour Stomatitis, pharyngitis, tonsillitis (infectious agents, secondary stomatitis). Chronic stomatitis – gingivitis of the cat (lymphocytic ‐ plasmacytic stomatitis) [T.R.] 15 th hour Oral cavity neoplasms (epulis, papillomatosis, TVT, melanoma, fibrosarcoma, squamous cell carcinoma), sialadenitis. Oropharyngeal dysphagia [T.R.] 16 th hour Diseases of the esophagus. “Morphological” disorders (esophageal foreign body, esophagitis, gastroesophageal reflux, esophageal stenosis, vascular ring anomalies), spirocercosis [T.R.] 17 th hour Esophageal motility disorders (megaesophagus) [T.R.] 18 th hour Definition of the “gastric mucosal barrier”. Acute gastritis [T.R.] 19 th hour Chronic gastric disorders (lymphocytic ‐ plasmacytic and eosinophilic gastritis). Other types of gastritis (parasitic, duodenal reflux gastritis, Helicobacter spp gastritis) [T.R.] 20 th hour Gastric ulcers. Retention of gastric contents due to morphologic or motility (gastric atony) disorders. Gastric neoplasia [T.R.] 21 st hour Acute enteritis (diarrhea) of various etiology (nutritional, drug ‐ induced, toxic, bacterial, parasitic or fungal) [T.R.] 22 nd hour Viral enteritis ‐ diarrhea. Parvo ‐ and Coronavirus enteritis in dogs. Panleukopenia virus enteritis in cats. Acute hemorrhagic gastroenteritis syndrome [T.R.] 23 rd hour Specific and supportive treatment of acute enteritis – diarrhea [T.R.] 24 nd hour Chronic inflammatory small bowel disease. Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth. Villus atrophy. Lymphangiectasia. Adverse reactions to food [T.R.] 25 th hour Chronic inflammatory large bowel disease (chronic colitis). Infectious colitis. Other causes of colitis [T.R.] 26 th hour Constipation and obstipation. Megacolon in the cat. Diseases of the anus [T.R.] 24B Surgery of the gastrointestinal system in the dog and cat 27 th hour Surgery of the oral cavity, pharynx and salivary glands . Diagnosis and surgical treatment of oral neoplasms. Feline nasophryngeal polyps. Tonsillectomy. Diagnosis and surgical treatment of mucoceles and salivary neoplasms [L.P.] 28 th –29 th hour Dentistry : Periodontology. Extraction [S.P.] 30 th hour Dentistry : Surgery of the oral cavity [S.P.] 115 2 nd Section 1 ‐ 2 nd hour Hernias. Inroduction to hernias. Umbilical hernia, inguinal hernia, perineal hernia, ventral hernia and diaphragmatic hernia [L.P.] 3 rd hour Esophagus . Principles of esophageal surgery. Esophagotomy and esophageal resection and anastomosis. Vascular rings, diverticula, fistulas, neoplasms, hiatal hernia and gastroesophageal intussusception. Esophagostomy. Surgical treatment of cricopharyngeal achalasia [L.P.] 4 th –5 th hour Stomach . Principles of gastric surgery. Gastrotomy. Gastric dilatation ‐ volvulus. Surgical treatment of delayed gastric emptying (pyloromyotomy and pyloroplasty). Surgery of the gastric neoplasms. Gastrectomy and gastrostomy [L.P.] 6 th ‐ 7 th hour Small intestine . Principles of small intestinal surgery. Intestinal obstruction (foreign bodies, intussusception, mesenteric torsion, neoplasms). Intestinal biopsy, enterotomy, intestinal resection and anastomosis. Jejunostomy [L.P.] 8 th –9 th hour Large intestine, rectum and anus . Principles of surgery of the large intestine. Megacolon, neoplasms of the large intestine, intestinal prolapse, perineal neoplasms, atresia ani, colotomy and colostomy. Surgery of the anal sacs [L.P.] 25B Radiographic interpretation of the diseases of the Alimentary Tract 10 th hour Bocal vavity(neoplasia, dental abnormalities).Pharynx (abscess, foreign bodies, neoplasia). Esophagus (atresia, foreign bodies, megaesophagus, local esophageal dilation, esophageal stenosis, esophageal rupture, gastroesophageal intussusception). Stomach (gastritis and gastric ulcers, gastric dilation, acute gastric dilation and volvulus). Ultrasonographic interpretation of the diseases [P.P.] 11 th hour Small intestine(enteritis, foreign bodies, mechanical and paralytic ileus, intussusception,neoplasia). Large intestine (obstipation, megacolon, large intestineatresia). Ultrasonographic interpretation of the diseases [P.M.] 26B Internal Medicine and Surgery of the Equine Alimentary System 12 th hour Clinical examination Diseases of the stomach ‐ duodenum (gastric ulcers, duodenitis, proximal jejunitis) [N.D.] 13 th hour Spasmodic colic, thromboembolic colic [N.D.] 14 th hour Salmonellosis, large colon impaction, ileal impaction and obstruction, tympany of the caecum, peritonitis [N.D.] 15 th hour Problems involving the teeth, Esophageal obstruction [N.D.] 116 16 th hour Surgical colic, Enterotomy techniques, small and large colon obstructions and strangulations, hernias, inguinal herniorrhaphy [N.D.] 27B Cattle diseases of digestive system 17 th hour Stomatitis, pharyngitis, pharyngeal paralysis, oesophagitis, rumen immotility [H.K.] 18 th hour Rumen alkalosis, rumen fluid disturbances, rumen acidosis [H.K.] 19 th hour Acute tympany, chronic relapsing tympany, traumatic reticuloperitonitis, omasal immobility [H.K.] 20 th hour Hoflund syndrome, abomasistis, abomasal ulcer [H.K.] 21 th hour Abomasal displacement [H.K.] 22 th ‐ 26 th hour Enteritis: a) non transmitted, b) transmitted: colibacillosis, salmonellosis, enterotoxaemia, paratuberculosis, winter dysentery, campylobacter, rotavirus, coronavirus, BVD ‐ MD, cryptosporidiosis, coccidiosis, nematodiosis, infectious keratoconjuctivitis, malignant catarrhal fever, rinderpest, actinobacillosis, actinomycosis, FMD, pustular stomatitis [Ni.P.] 197B Surgery of cattle digestive system 27 th ‐ 29 th hour Oesophageal obstruction, laparotomy, abomasal displacement, Caecal dilatation and torsion, peritonitis, umbilical hernia and Ompalitis, anal atresia, rectal prolapse [H.K.] 198B Small Ruminant Diseases of digestive system 30 th hour Acute ‐ chronic rumen acidosis [ Ν .G.] 31 th ‐ 32 th hour Clostridial infections (enterotoxaemias, necrotic hepatitis, gas gangrene, blackleg, tetanus) [ Ν .G.] 33 th ‐ 34 th hour Adult diarrhoea, indigestion, liver disease, paratuberculosis, gastrointestinal parasitosis [ Ν .G.] 35 th ‐ 39 th hour Neonatal loss (moribud, hypothermia, diarrhoea, watery mouth, necrobacillosis, cysticercosis, cryptosporidiosis. [ Ν .G.] 40 th hour Lamb and kid>15 days old losses (coccidiosis, streptococcal encephalitis, acute coenurosis, muscular dystrophy, CCN etc) [ Ν .G.] 199B Swine diseases of digestive system 41 st ‐ 44 th hour Enteric colibacillosis. Postweaning diarrhoea syndrome. Oedema disease, Clostridial enteritis. Swine dysentery. Porcine proliferative enteropathy. Porcine epidemic diarrhoea. Swine hepatitis E, Trasmissible gastroenteritis. Rotavirus and Enterovirus infections. Coccidiosis. Cryptosporidiasis. Infection by Hyostrongylus rubidus, Strongyloides ransomi, Ascaris suum, Trichuris suis, Oesophagostomum spp . Infection by Candida albicans . Non infectious diarrhoea of lactating and weanin g piglers. Coprostasis, constipation. Gastric ulcers. Rectal prolapse. 117 Foot and mouth disease, swine vesicular disease, vesicular exanthema of swine, vesicular stomatitis [ Ε . Τ z.] Liver ‐ Pancreas 200B Pathology 45 th hour Liver. Post mortem examination of the liver. Developmental abnormalities, displacement, torsion, rupture of the liver. Cholostasis. Response of the liver to injury. Pigment accumulations. [P.L.] 46 th hour Liver degeneration. Amyloidosis. Vascular and haemodynamic disturbances. Liver necrosis. Hepatitis. Diseases of viral aetiology (canine infectious hepatitis, Rift valley fever, Wesselsbron’s disease), bacterial aetiology (abscesses, necrotic hepatitis, crostridial hepatitis) or parasitic aetiology (parasitic hepatitis) affecting the liver [P.L.] 47 th hour Dietary diseases affecting the liver. Toxicoses. Neoplasms of the liver and gallbladder [P.L.] 48 th hour Pancreas (exocrine). Post mortem examination of the pancreas. Congenital anomalies, atrophy, hypoplasia, necrosis, inflammation, parasitic diseases of the pancreas, neoplasms of the pancreas. Peritoneal cavity. Congenital anomalies, abnormal peritoneal contents, fat necrosis, peritonitis. parasitic infections, neoplasms [P.L.] 201B Diagnostic approach (methods of examination and clinical pathology) 49 th hour Diagnostic approach of liver diseases (clinical, hematological and biochemical findings, special diagnostic procedures) [T.R.] 50 th hour Diagnostic approach of exocrine pancreatic diseases (clinical, hematological and biochemical findings, special diagnostic procedures) [T.R.] 202B Diseases of the Liver and Exocrine Pancreas of Dogs and Cats 51 st hour Infectious liver diseases of dogs and cats. Non ‐ inflammatory liver diseases (hepatic lipidosis and amyloidosis) [T.R.] 52 nd hour Chronic inflammatory liver diseases (chronic hepatitis, chronic active hepatitis, toxic and drug ‐ induced liver disease, breed ‐ associated hepatopathies) [T.R.] 53 rd hour Diseases of the gallbladder and biliary tract (canine and feline cholangiohepatitis) [T.R.] 54 th hour Hepatic insufficiency and associated clinical syndromes (ascites, portal hypertension, hepatic encephalopathy, other) [T.R.] 55 th hour Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency [T.R.] 56 th hour Acute pancreatitis in dogs and cats [T.R.] 118 203B Surgery of the liver and pancreas in the dog and cat 57 th hour Surgery of the liver and pancreas . Hepatic biopsy. Surgery of the portosystemic shunts. Hepatic lobectomy. Pancreatic biopsy and pancreatectomy [L.P.] 204B Radiographic interpretation of the disorders of the Liver, Pancreas, Peritoneal Cavity, Hernias and Male Genital System 58 th hour Radiographicinterpretation of the hepaticdisorders (hepatomegaly, microhepatica, neoplasia, chololithiasis and other diseases of the bile duct system). Radiographicinterpretation of thepancreatic disorders (pancreatitis, neoplasia). Ascites. Peritonitis. Peritoneal masses (abscessess, neoplasia, mesenteric lymph nodes). Hernias (diaphragmatic hernias, hiatal hernias, inguinal and perineal hernias). Radiographic interpretation of thetesticulardisorders (orhitis, neoplasia,torsion, cryptorchid testis). Ultrasonographic interpretation of thediseases [P.M.] 205B Equine Liver Diseases 59 th hour Liver diseases (hyperlipidemia, Theiler’s disease, chronic active hepatitis, cholelithiasis), hepatic failure [N.D.] 206B Cattle liver diseases 60 th ‐ 61 th hour Acute hepatitis, chronic hepatitis, fatty degeneration, ketosis (cause, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment) [Ch.K.] 37B Pathophysiology of reproduction and pathology of the male genital system 62 nd hour Penis–Testis. Developmental abnormalities, inflamations and neoplasms of the penis and preputium. Developmental abnormalities and degeneration of the testis. Epididymitis [D.Ps.] 63 rd hour Circulatory disturbances. Orchitides and inflammatory conditions of the spermatic cord and accessory genital glands. Testicular neoplasms [D.Ps] 64 th hour Control of operation of genital system of male animals causing disturbances of fertility. Control of mating ability [I.T.] 65 th hour Methodology of collection of sperm in the various species of animals. Methods of examination and estimate of quality of sperm [I.T.] 66 th hour Morphological abnormalities of spermatozoa and correlation with pathological situations of genital system [I.T.] 67 th hour Pathological situations of genital system of male: Situations that lead to inability of mating [I.T.] 68 th hour Pathological situations of genital system of male: Rupture of corpus cavernosum, Phallocampsis, remaining frenulum preputii, premature erection [I.T.] 119 69 th hour Pathological situations of genital system of male: Damage of prepuce, valanoposthitis, Phimosis, Paraphimosis, strangulation and necrosis of penis, penis neoplasms [I.T.] 70 th hour Pathological situations of genital system of male: Pathological situations of testicles and epididymis, cryptorchidism, testicular degeneration, orchitis, epididymitis [I.T.] 71 st hour Pathological situations of genital system of male: Hypoplasia and neoplasms of testicles, pathological situations of complementary genital glands [I.T.] 72 nd hour Surgery of the male genital tract in the dog and cat . Penile surgery, preputial surgery and testicular surgery [L.P.] 73 th hour Castration, cryptorchidectomy [N.D.] 3 rd Section 38B Obstetrics ‐ Pathology of Reproduction and Pathological Anatomy of Female Productive Animals and Horse 1 st hour Ovary. Abnormalities of growth of ovary. Hemorrhage of the ovary. Ovarian cysts–Cystic degeneration of ovary in the cow. Neoplasms of ovary [D.Ps.] 2 nd hour Uterus. Hydrosalpinx (mucus in the oviduct)– Salpigitis (inflammation of oviduct)–Pyosalpinx (puss in the oviduct). Endometritis–Metritis–Perimetritis. Pyometra. Special inflamations of uterus. Pathological situations of pregnant uterus. Abortions in the cattle and in small ruminants [D.Ps.] 3 rd hour Symptoms and detection of estrus, more suitable time of insemination at animal species [C.Bo.] 4 th hour Irregular growth of fetus. Hermaphroditism (freemartinism). Embrionic deaths in the various species of animals. Consequences in the operation of genital system [C.Bo.] 5 th ‐ 6 th hour Pregnancy diagnosis in the animals. Evaluation of the stage of pregnancy [C.Bo.] 7 th hour Pathological situations of embrionic membranes and liquids. Placental Abnormalities, Mole, Drops of the fetal mebrane (Hydropic) embrionic membranes, placuntitis, abnormalities of the umbilical cord [E.K.] 8 th hour Pathological situations at the implantation and growth of foetuses. superfecundation, superferation, gestation of excessive number of foetuses, extrauterine pregnancy, fetal anasarca, embrionic death (mummification, fetal maceration, emphysema) [ Ε .K.] 9 th hour Abortion. Differential diagnosis and prevention of contagious and not contagious abortions [E.K.] 10 th hour Abortion. Indications and methodology. Extension of duration of gestation [E.K.] 120 11 th –12 th hour Pathological situations of maternal organism during gestation. pseudopregnacy, incomplete convergence of cervix, estrus during gestation, presence of abnormal discharge. Rupture of uterus, Hernia graviditatis, edema of pregnancy, premature throes. Vagina prolapse [E.K.] 13 th hour Parturition (mechanism, indications of imminent delivery, symptoms, preparation of animals, stages of parturition) [C.Bo.] 14 th hour Specificity of childbirth in the various species of animals. Benefit of help in expected animals [C.Bo.] 15 th hour Periparturient control and care of newborn [C.Bo.] 16 th hour Stage of afterbirth. Removal of embrionic membranes. Physiologic progress of post partum period. Prevention of uterus contamination [C.Bo.] 17 th ‐ 19 th hour Dystocia and types of dystocia in the various species of animals (maternal and embrionic) [E.K.] 20 th –21 st hour Caesarean section. Indications, contraindications, callousness, technique, treatment after the surgical operation, complications (cow and other species of animals) [C.Br.] 22 nd hour Fetotomy. Indications, contraindications, technique, complications [E.K.] 23 rd hour Contusions at the parturition. Bleeding, bruises of genital tract and local regions, damage of sciatic mesh) [C.Br.] 24 th hour Corrective interventions. Rupture of uterus and cervix, prolapsed urinary bladder, prolapse of vaginal fat. Post partum pododermatitis, downer cow, tetanus. Post partum hemoglobinuria, puerperal malignant edema. Post partum prolapse of the uterus. Amputation of prolapsed uterus [C.Br.] 25 th hour Retained placenta in the cow and remaining animals (reasons, diagnosis and confrontation) [C.Br.] 26 th ‐ 27 th hour Post partum pathological situations and their confrontation. Milk fever, Tetany [C.Br.] 28 th –38 th hour Post partum diseases in the cow. Metritis, endometritis, pyometra, vulvovaginitis. Post partum anoestrus. Infertility; Reasons and confrontation. [G.T.] 39 th hour Cystic ovaries [C.Bo.] 40 ‐ 43 rd hour Main diseases and pathological situations of reproductive system of small ruminants [E.K.] 44 th –45 th hour Disturbances of fertility of horses from contagious and not contagious reasons. Special infections (Coithal exanthema genital, contagious metritis of horses, equine viral arteritis, durine). Embrionic death, abortions [I.T.] 46 th –48 th hour Main diseases and pathological situations of reproductive system of female pig: Leptospirosis, brucellosis, parvo, chlamydiosis, toxoplasmosis [E.Tz.] 121 39B Modern Methods of Insemination and Management of Reproduction of animals 49 th hour Methods of treatment and maintainance fresh and frozen sperm of bull. Methodology of insemination in the cow with fresh and with frozen sperm [C.Bo.] 50 th hour Methods of treatment and maintainance fresh and frozen sperm of stallion. Methodology of inseminaion in the horses with fresh and with frozen sperm [I.T.] 51 st hour Methods of treatment and maintainance fresh and frozen sperm of small ruminants. Methodology of insemination in the ewe and the goat with fresh and with frozen sperm [I.T.] 52 nd hour Methods of treatment and maintainance fresh and frozen sperm of boar. Methodology of insemination in the sow with fresh and with frozen sperm [I.T.] 53 rd hour Methods of treatment and maintainance fresh and frozen sperm of dog. Methodology of insemination in the female dog with fresh and with frozen sperm [C.Bo.] 54 th hour Methodology of treatment and maintainance fresh and frozen sperm and insemination in the rabbit and birds [I.T.] 55 th hour Techniques of embryo transfer in the cattle. Application [C.Bo.] 56 th hour Techniques of embryo transfer in the small ruminants and in the other species of animals. Applications [C.Bo.] 57 th hour Programs of estrus synchronization in dairy cows [C.Bo.] 58 th hour Programs of estrus synchronization in small ruminants [C.Bo.] 59 th hour Control and management of fertility in dairy cow’s farms [C.Br.] 60 th hour Problems and hormonal interventions at the beginning of post partum ovarian activity [C.Br.] 61 st ‐ 62 nd hour Follow ‐ up and management of health of udder at the farm level. Special interventions of re ‐ establishment of lesions of udder and teats. Surgical and endoscopical techniques [E.K.] 63 rd ‐ 64 th hour Application of programs of reproductive management in pig farms [I.T.] Practical training in the Clinics (rotation) 3 In the Clinic of Companion Animals and in the Large Animal Clinic: 39 hours/student
Educational Material Types
  • Notes
  • Slide presentations
  • Video lectures
  • Book
Use of Information and Communication Technologies
Use of ICT
  • Use of ICT in Course Teaching
  • Use of ICT in Laboratory Teaching
Course Organization
ActivitiesWorkloadECTSIndividualTeamworkErasmus
Lectures167
Clinical Practice39
Total206
Student Assessment
Student Assessment methods
  • Written Exam with Multiple Choice Questions (Formative, Summative)
  • Written Exam with Short Answer Questions (Formative, Summative)
  • Written Exam with Extended Answer Questions (Summative)
  • Written Assignment (Summative)
Last Update
01-08-2013