Upon successful completion of the course the student will be able to understand, in not a detailed mathematical description, the basic LASER operating principles, the physics of underlying phenomena, the ways of their implementation and as well as the various types of LASER based at above operating principles. Finally, the students will have a solid knowledge about possible applications areas of a LASER, depending on its type and properties.
Course Content (Syllabus)
Module 1 (3 hours): Nature of radiation, various forms of radiation, Mathematical description of radiation.
Module 2 (3): Quantum theory of the interaction between radiation and matter: Aporro-extraction, emission, Corpuscular photon properties.
Module 3 (3): Quantum theory of the interaction between radiation and matter: Elementary theory of interaction of a quantum system and electromagnetic radiation.
Module 4 (3): Quantum theory of the interaction between radiation and matter: Half-life of excited states and energy width.
Module 5 (3): Statistical properties of photons and sources: the concept of elementary cell. Temporal- and spatial- coherence. The elementary bundle.
Module 6 (3 hours): Statistical properties of photons and sources: Fluctuation Phenomena. Measurements in many elementary cells. Monochromaticity and coherence.
Module 7 (3): Lasers: Optical resonance cavities, spatial form of modes in open resonance cavities. Stability of optical resonance cavities.
Module 8 (3): Lasers: Optical resonant cavity frequency spectrum, Population inversion. Modes in a Laser. Amplification factor and output power.
Module 9 (3): Lasers: 3- and 4- levels Lasers.
Module 10 (3 hours): Types of Lasers: Overview, of types of Lasers, Gas Lasers.
Module 11 (3): Types of Lasers: Lasers, fluids, Chemical Lasers, Lasers solid
Module 12 (3 hours): Types of Semiconductor Lasers: Lasers,
Module 13 (3): types of Lasers: free electron Lasers, Lasers.