ADVANCED TOPICS IN THE METABOLISM OF XENOBIOTICS

Course Information
TitleΠΡΟΧΩΡΗΜΕΝΑ ΜΑΘΗΜΑΤΑ ΜΕΤΑΒΟΛΙΣΜΟΥ ΞΕΝΟΒΙΟΤΙΚΩΝ / ADVANCED TOPICS IN THE METABOLISM OF XENOBIOTICS
CodeΑΦ0003
FacultyHealth Sciences
SchoolPharmacy
Cycle / Level2nd / Postgraduate, 3rd / Doctorate
Teaching PeriodWinter/Spring
CommonNo
StatusActive
Course ID180000002

Programme of Study: PPS of School of Pharmacy (2014-)

Registered students: 4
OrientationAttendance TypeSemesterYearECTS
Μedicinal Chemistry, Development of Pharmaceutical CompoundsCompulsory Course1110

Programme of Study: PPS of School of Pharmacy (2012-today)

Registered students: 0
OrientationAttendance TypeSemesterYearECTS
Μedicinal Chemistry, Development of Pharmaceutical CompoundsCompulsory Course1110

Class Information
Academic Year2017 – 2018
Class PeriodWinter
Faculty Instructors
Weekly Hours3
Class ID
600111098
Mode of Delivery
  • Face to face
Digital Course Content
Language of Instruction
  • Greek (Instruction, Examination)
Learning Outcomes
The aim and outcome of this course are the comprehension of the universally recognised notion that the study of xenobiotic metabolism is one of the milestones for the safe and efficient use of drugs, as well as of the numerous chemical substances coming in contact with the organism, such as food and cosmetic additives, agrochemicals, environmental pollutants. This knowledge contributes to the development of better drugs, since it constitutes one of the principal approaches to the Rational Drug Design. Further aim is the acquisition of knowledge for a better comprehension of biotransformations of numerous chemical compounds, synthetic or natural, to which the organism is continously exposed, through nutrition, medicins, environmental pollution. The recent great progress of science in analysing the mechanisms developed by the organism, so that lipophilic, potentially toxic compounds are transformed to more hydrophilic, thus easily eliminated metabolites (biodetoxication)is explained. It is stresses and explained to the students that biotransformation is not always beneficial for the organism, since many metabolites are very active, capable of covalently bonding to critical cell macromolecules, leadind to toxicity. The possibility for new drug development through the study of their metabolism is stressed. The new molecules could acquire the expected activity, target the desired site, be safe and selective. Furthermore, the knowledge of the molecular mechanisms of interactions (pharmaceutic, pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic) aims to the development of safer drugs, control of undesired interactions, and effective drug treatment. Finally, a purpose of this course is to stress the importance of molecular mechanisms of food-drug interactions.
General Competences
  • Make decisions
  • Work in an interdisciplinary team
  • Design and manage projects
  • Respect natural environment
  • Be critical and self-critical
  • Advance free, creative and causative thinking
Course Content (Syllabus)
Rekka E., Kourounakis P.N.: The following topics are analysed in relation to cytochrome P450 (Rekka E.) or other drug metabolizing systems (Kourounakis P.N.): a) Fate of drugs in the organism (absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion) - routes of elimination. b) Chemical mechanisms followed in xenobiotic biotransformation. Purpose, Phases, Chemistry - Biochemistry - Molecular Biology, Enzyme inducers and inhibitors - Biodetoxication, Biotoxication. Kourounakis P.N.: c) Specific drug groups (prodrugs, soft drugs, hard drugs, chemical delivery systems). d) Molecular aspects of drug interactions.
Educational Material Types
  • Notes
Use of Information and Communication Technologies
Use of ICT
  • Use of ICT in Course Teaching
  • Use of ICT in Communication with Students
Course Organization
ActivitiesWorkloadECTSIndividualTeamworkErasmus
Lectures391.3
Written assigments
Total391.3
Student Assessment
Description
The evaluation of knowledge and capabilities acquired by the students is achieved by written examinations and by written essays. It is based on questions that the students are asked to answer depending on their knowledge obtained from the lectures as well as on the critical thinking and ability to combine, evaluate and handle the acquired knowledge and information. The grade is evenly allocated to the teachers, according to the programme of their lectures. The duration of the examination is 3 hours. The examination at the end of the semester is performed at dates, time and place arranged by the department.
Student Assessment methods
  • Written Exam with Short Answer Questions (Summative)
Bibliography
Course Bibliography (Eudoxus)
1) Σημειώσεις (Ε. Α. Ρέκκα) όπου υποδεικνύεται επιλεγμένη διεθνής βιβλιογραφία με τη σύσταση προς τους φοιτητές να την χρησιμοποιούν ως σημείο έναρξης περαιτέρω ενημέρωσης. 2) Σημειώσεις (Π.Ν. Κουρουνάκης, Ε.Α. Ρέκκα), κεφάλαια από ανάλογα βιβλία της διεθνούς βιβλιογραφίας, υποδεικνύονται οι κατάλληλες πηγές για ενημέρωση (ΟΧΙ ΕΥΔΟΞΟΣ)
Last Update
10-07-2013