Τhe lesson has multiple goals.
The objectives of the course Space Theory - History of Architecture as it is addressed to students of Fine and Applied Arts Department are multiple and adapted to the needs of the Department.
Understanding the concept of architecture and the general living environment and space is a primary objective. The concept of architecture is firstly analyzed through the three parameters set by ancient writer Vitruvius, namely Firmitas-utilitas-venustas (solidity - functionality and aesthetics / symbolism). In addition to the visual and aesthetic seeks to understand the psychological aspects of architecture and the interaction between buildings and the human community both now and in the past. Analyzed concepts such as perception of space, elements and dynamics independently and through different seasons.
An important objective of the course is to provide knowledge on the architectural and urban achievements of man and enlarge thus the humanistic education of artists. These achievements are illustrated with scientific method and chronological order. The monuments associated with the general social conditions and the movements of the spirit of each era. Attempting to understand and assess the forms of the past, many of which are today parts of our surroundings. This effort is accompanied by stylistic analysis and interpretation of architectural compositions of examples from historical times until today, whose architectural and other values withstood time. Understanding and analyzing the relationship between architecture and the visual arts and the applied is a key theme of the course. Thus the analysis of architectural achievements and evolution of architecture is always accompanied by corresponding artistic trends and developments.
Through the course encouraged the visual observation of the built environment. Effort that the observation goes beyond the simple picture in the retina and be analytical and critical thinking process. Through this process is expected to enrich the images received by the student and broadening horizons for improving the expressive possibilities and instruments.
Finally attempts to sensitize students to cultural heritage and to contribute, through knowledge and understanding, the protection of monuments of the past, and preserving the wealth of memory and cultural heritage.
To acquire knowledge and methodological pedagogical tools to teach the knowledge acquired in aesthetics in primary and secondary education.
To lesson contributes to pedagogical and teaching proficiency.
Course Content (Syllabus)
1. The legacy of Art Nouveau. (Secession and Α. Loos)
2. Responses to industrialization. Futurism - Deutsche Werkbund
3. The ferroconcrete. The industrial city. Expressionist architecture. The Amsterdam School.
4. Frank Lloyd Wright: the first period. The De Stijl.
5. The heroic period of Modern Architecture. The Bauhaus. Russian avant-guard architecture. The Constructivism.
6. Le Corbusier.
7. The International Style. Mies van der Rohe. Modern Architecture in America. The New Objectivity.
8. Architecture in Scandinavia before 2nd World War. A. Aalto. The architecture of totalitarian regimes.
9. The triumph and expansion of Modern Architecture after the War.
10. Pluralism and the search of new forms. Brutalism. L. Cahn.
11. New theories in the sixties and the seventies. Post-Modern Architecture.
12. New directions. High-Tech architecture. Deconstruction. Other contemporary movements.
13. The preservation of monuments. Ideas and practice.
Futurism, Deutsche Werkbund, Modern Architecture, Bauhaus, Constructivism, the International Style, Post-Modern Architecture Brutalism, High-Tech architecture, Deconstruction Preservation of monuments
Course Bibliography (Eudoxus)
K. Frampton, Μοντέρνα αρχιτεκτονική. Ιστορία και κριτική, Αθήνα, 1987.
Δ. Φιλιππίδη, Μοντέρνα αρχιτεκτονική στην Ελλάδα, Αθήνα 2001.
Additional bibliography for study
J. Gympel (μετάφραση Α. Χατζηανδρέου), Ιστορία της Αρχιτεκτονικής. Από την αρχαιότητα έως σήμερα, εκδ. Κöneman, 2006, σ. 83-111.
D. Watkin (μετάφραση Κ. Κουρεμένος), Ιστορία της Δυτικής Αρχιτεκτονικής, Αθήνα 2007, σ. 549-681
Α. Γιακουμακάτος, Ιστορία της Ελληνικής Αρχιτεκτονικής. 20ός αιώνας, Αθήνα, 2003.
Γ. Λάββα, Επίτομη Ιστορία της Αρχιτεκτονικής, Θεσσαλονίκη, 2002, σ. 255-410.