The students should acquire the basic principles od steady state flows in closed conduits and open channels, which form the basis for the study of important civil engineering works (e.g. water supply and sewage networks, irrigation networks etc.)
Course Content (Syllabus)
A. Steady flow in pipes: General Equations. Hydraulic Head. Energy equation.
Head losses. Friction losses. Moody diagram. Local Losses. Energy and piezometric line. Pipes in series and in parallel. Equivalent pipe. Pipes with a common junction. Water networks. Hydraulic computation of branched and looped networks. Pumps and pumping stations. Pump characteristics. Characteristic curves. Selection of pumps. Pumps in series and in parallel. Cavitation. Siphons.
B. Steady state free surface flow: Flow characteristics. Uniform flow. Definitions and equations. Cross-sections of composite shape. Best hydraulic cross-section.. Specific and total energy. Specific force. Critical depth. Calculation of critical depth. Control cross-sections. Flow over a step and through. Hydraulic jump and its features. Hydraulic jump on horizontal channel. Location of hydraulic jump. Gradually varied flow. General features. Profile classification. Flow calculations. Spillways.
C. Flow in alluvial channels: Sediment load, sediment erosion, deposition and transport in alluvial channels. Initiation of motion. Bed load, suspended load and total load. Mathematical and physical models.
pipe flow, pumps, head losses, free surface flow, critical flow, hydraulic jump, non-uniform flow