Course Content (Syllabus)
This course offers an orientation to philosophical studies, an introduction to key issues of philosophical thought, with emphasis on metaphysics, and the acquaintance with few major philosophical texts. In the course the following topics will be discussed:
A. The definitions of philosophy and the characteristics of philosophical activity, the main questions of the traditional fields of philosophy and the demarcation of philosophy from areas such as science, art and religion.
B. The definition and the possibility of metaphysics and certain central theories about the nature of reality (dualism, materialism, idealism etc.), with references to contemporary debates as well as significant moments in the history of philosophy (Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, Locke, Kant).
C. Current debates on the problem of body and mind, the existence of God and the free will problem. Final comments on the question whether philosophy is (still) of any use.
Introduction to Philosophy, Metaphysics, Body and mind, God, Free Will