Course Content (Syllabus)
The role and history of plant breeding in Agriculture.
System of plant reproduction and exploitation in plant Breeding.
The meaning of phenotype, genotype and genetic variability.
Genotype x Environment interaction. Estimation of Genetic parameters & Field Experimental Designs.
Plant Breeding Programm (design & steps/ aims and priorities).
Type of cultivars (pure lines, hybrids, half sib , ful sib, mixtures, populations, synthetic varieties). and development of new varieties.
Traits for improvement. Study of Heritability. Genetic basis of Selection.
Genetic relationships, compining ability, parent selection, diallel crosses, Inbreeding & Heterosis.
Principles & Methods in Plant Breeding
Mass selection, Pedigree and Recurrent selection.
Backcross method & evaluation of new cultivars.
Applications of Biotechnology in Plant Breeding.
In vitro techniques in plant breeding.
Achievements of genetic engineering in plant breeding. Genetically modified plants with improved traits: Creation of resistant varieties to herbicides, insects, bacteria, viruses and extreme environmental conditions. Creation of varieties with exceptional characteristics and nutritional value. Tissue culture as a tool for genetic engineering, methods of genetic transformation, recombinant plasmids, transgene expression, genetic manipulation of chloroplastic DNA, synthetic nucleases- ZFNs.
The issues of risk and regulation of biotechnology.
Molecular breeding & Marker assisted Selection.
Application of a realistic plant breeding programm using conventional and biotechnological approaches
Plant breeding, Genetic variability, Selection, New varieties, Molecular and biotechnological approaches.