Upon completion of this course, students will be able to:
1. realize and understand the effects, at individual plant or crop level, of abiotic factors and how they impact yield and quality of field crops.
2. discern and suggest means of coping with problems stem at crop level.
3. select and utilize physiological "tools" for overcoming problems at crop level in conjuction with other disciplines (eg geneticts).
Course Content (Syllabus)
1. Photosynthesis, respiration and photorespiration: processes, genetic and environmental influence, carbon balance in plants.
2. Light interception in plant and crop level, radiation and laws that describe it.
3. Water relations: mechanisms of water transport in plants, transpiration, water use efficiency, availability of water and development of field crops.
4. Uptake and retranslocation of nutrients in plants adaptation of plants to nutrient deficiencies and toxicities.
5. Nutrient use efficiency, ways of increasing nutrient efficiency, critical levels of nutrients.
6. Physiological function of nitrogen in plants, N metabolism and productivity, interactions of N and carbon in plants.
7. Mechanisms of symbiotic N-fixation, ustilization by plants.
8. Growth and development of plants, partitioning of photosynthates in plant organs.
9. Phytohormones: function and mechanisms in plants.
10. Source/sink relationships of photosynthates, mechanisms of movement, regulation of movement, influence of biotic and abiotic factors.
11. Growth and development of seeds: growth, source of photosynthates, influence of ecological and genetic factors.
12. and 13. Yield of field crops and yield components, source/sink relations in different groups of field crops (cereals, legumes, sugar beet, forage crops etc.