Introduction to byzantine musicology

Course Information
TitleΕισαγωγή στη βυζαντινή μουσικολογία / Introduction to byzantine musicology
FacultyFine Arts
SchoolMusic Studies
Cycle / Level1st / Undergraduate
Teaching PeriodSpring
Course ID600013841

Programme of Study: PPS Tmīmatos Mousikṓn Spoudṓn (2017-sīmera)

Registered students: 162
OrientationAttendance TypeSemesterYearECTS
Musicology / Music EducationCompulsory Course424
Music CompositionCompulsory Course424

Class Information
Academic Year2018 – 2019
Class PeriodSpring
Faculty Instructors
Weekly Hours3
Class ID
Course Type 2016-2020
  • General Knowledge
Course Type 2011-2015
General Foundation
Mode of Delivery
  • Face to face
Digital Course Content
The course is also offered to exchange programme students.
Language of Instruction
  • Greek (Instruction, Examination)
  • English (Instruction, Examination)
Learning Outcomes
This course will enable students 1. to get the basic knowledge in seven of the main thematic cycles of Byzantine Musical Studies 2. to come in contact with the essential bibliography of Byzantine Musical Studies 3. to get familiar to the sound-world of Byzantine Music, to recognize and comment upon the musical texture of chosen pieces 4. to work with hymnographic sources and to write an essay according to the rules of scientific writing.
General Competences
  • Apply knowledge in practice
  • Retrieve, analyse and synthesise data and information, with the use of necessary technologies
  • Adapt to new situations
  • Make decisions
  • Work autonomously
  • Work in teams
  • Work in an international context
  • Work in an interdisciplinary team
  • Generate new research ideas
  • Appreciate diversity and multiculturality
  • Respect natural environment
  • Demonstrate social, professional and ethical commitment and sensitivity to gender issues
  • Be critical and self-critical
  • Advance free, creative and causative thinking
Course Content (Syllabus)
This course offers a first systematic, scientific and living approach to the Byzantine musical culture. The course is organized according to the following seven thematic cycles: a. Elements of Byzantine culture (white mnemotechnic cards), b. Byzantine Musicology (red cards), c. The liturgical topos (green cards), d. Hymnography (pink cards), e. Music theory, notation and modal system (yellow cards), f. Melopoeia (blue cards), g. Secular music (orange cards). In parallel, the students are introduced to the scientific work with sources and are informed about how to write a scientific essay, as well as how to listen to Byzantine chant. A visit to the Museum of Byzantine Culture and field work concerning the Akathistos Hymn complete the course.
Byzantine musical culture, history of byzantine musicology, hymnography, composition, profane music
Educational Material Types
  • Notes
  • Slide presentations
  • Video lectures
  • Audio
  • Multimedia
  • Interactive excersises
  • Book
Use of Information and Communication Technologies
Use of ICT
  • Use of ICT in Course Teaching
  • Use of ICT in Communication with Students
Power-Point Presentations, digitalized musical examples, communication via e-mail
Course Organization
Laboratory Work70.2
Reading Assigment511.7
Artistic Workshop100.3
Field trips and participation in conferences / seminars / activities30.1
Student Assessment
The student assessment is based on the following: 1.-2. Two progress tests (the first one according to the themes recorded on the white, red and green mnemotechnic cards, the second one constructing on the themes of the yellow and pink cards, and the Akathistos Hymn) 3. A third test written during the exams period (based on the blue and orange cards) 4. A brief oral examination consisting in the recognition of a music example contained on the CDs given at the course (whole CD 1 and 4, and the first track of CD 2).
Student Assessment methods
  • Written Exam with Short Answer Questions (Summative)
  • Written Exam with Extended Answer Questions (Summative)
  • Oral Exams (Summative)
Course Bibliography (Eudoxus)
1. Μαρία Αλεξάνδρου, Εισαγωγή στη Βυζαντινή Μουσική, University Studio Press, Θεσσαλονίκη 2016. 2. Γιάννης Πλεμμένος, Συζητώντας για την Ελληνική μουσική. Ένα διαχρονικό ταξίδι (4ος αι. π.Χ.-19ος αι. μ.Χ.), Εν πλω, Αθήνα 2014.
Additional bibliography for study
Σημειώσεις της διδάσκουσας και η εξής βιβλιογραφία για περαιτέρω μελέτη: • Γρ. Στάθης, «Bυζαντινή Μουσική», Μουσική, υπεύθυνος Κώστιος Απόστολος, επιμ. Γεωργία Μοσχοβάκου, Εκδοτική Αθηνών, Αθήνα 2007, σ. 217-233. • Α. Αλυγιζάκης, Θέματα εκκλησιαστικής μουσικής, Πουρναράς, Θεσσαλονίκη 1993, σ. 11-68. • Κ. Levy/Chr. Troelsgård, «Byzantine Chant», στο The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, β΄ έκδ, iv, 2001, σ. 743-756. • Α. Lingas, «Music», στο The Oxford Handbook of Byzantine Studies, Jeffreys, E./Haldon, J./Cormack, R. (επιμ.), Οξφόρδη 2008, σ. 915-935. • Ι. Καραγιαννόπουλος, Το βυζαντινό κράτος, δ΄ έκδ., Βάνιας, Θεσσαλονίκη 2001. • Ν. Ιοrga, Το Βυζάντιο μετά το Βυζάντιο, μετφρ. Γ. Καρά, πρόλογος Ν. Σβορώνου, β΄ έκδ., Gutenberg, Αθήνα 1989. • K. Ψάχος, Ἡ παρασημαντικὴ τῆς βυζαντινῆς μουσικῆς, β΄ έκδ., επιμ. Γ. Χατζηθεοδώρου, Διόνυσος, Αθήνα 1978. • Τhr. Georgiades, "Bemerkungen zur Erforschung der bvzantinischen Kirchenmusik", BZ 39 (1939), σ. 67-88. • Γρ. Στάθης, "Ἡ βυζαντινὴ μουσικὴ στὴ λατρεία καὶ στὴν ἐπιστήμη (Εἰσαγωγικὴ Τετραλογία)", Βυζαντινά 4 (1972), σ. 389-438. • Ε. Wellesz, "A Note on the Origins of the 'Monumenta Musicae Byzantinae* (1931 -1971)", Studies in Eastern Chant 2 (1971), σ. VII-X. • I. Φουντούλης, Λειτουργική Α΄. Εισαγωγή στη θεία λατρεία, Θεσσαλονίκη 1995. • R. Taft, Le rite byzantin, μετφρ. J. Laporte, Παρίσι 1996. • Θ. Δετοράκης, Βυζαντινή Φιλολογία. Τα πρόσωπα και τα κείμενα, 2 τ., Ηράκλειο Κρήτης 1995 και 2003. • Ι.Χρ. Κωνσταντινίδης, Ὑμνολογία, γ΄ έκδ., Αθήνα 1981. • Ε. Wellesz, A History of Byzantine Music and Hymnography, β΄ έκδ., Clarendon Press, Οξφόρδη 1962. • M. Xατζηγιακουμής, Η Εκκλησιαστική Μουσική του Ελληνισμού μετά την Άλωση (1453-1820). Σχεδίασμα Ιστορίας, Κέντρο Ερευνών και Εκδόσεων, Αθήνα 1999. • Ν. Μαλιάρας, Bυζαντινά μουσικά όργανα, Παπαγρηγορίου-Νάκας, Αθήνα 2007. • Κ. Κalaitzidis, Post-Byzantine Music Manuscripts as a Source for Secular Music (15th to Early 19th Century), Istanbuler Texte und Studien 28, Orient-Institut Istanbul, Κωνσταντινούπολη 2012.
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