Students for the course are expected to:
• gain knowledge of basic concepts, principles and applications of modern environmental chemistry with applications in chemical engineering
• get acquainted with the principles applied in the perusal of the chemistry involved in the gaseous environment (atmosphere), liquid phase (aqueous) and solid phase environment (crust and terrestrial surface)
• develop their personal skills and critical judgment on basic knowledge of general, inorganic chemistry and environmental chemistry, with emphasis on metallotoxins
• understand the theoretical pillars of general and inorganic environmental chemistry, and will be in a position to apply the relevant principles in chemical engineering.
• gain knowledge of the basic characteristics of processes a) contributing to the formulation the environment, and b) involved in monitoring the environment (parameters, pollutants, etc.) and developing antipollution technologies targeting pollution prevention and bioremediation
• Get trained on laboratory experiments (carry out experiments, collect data, assemble reports), methodological, experimental and practical issues that may arise from the involvement of a contemporary chemical engineering researcher in the specific field of the environment
Course Content (Syllabus)
The theoretical part of the course includes the following:
Environmental Protection in general-Population explosion-Pollution-Contamination of Environment-Atmosphere: Chemical composition-Change of temperature, pressure with height-Atmosphere layering-Greenhouse effect-Greenhouse gases(GHG)-Kyoto Protocoll-GHG Emissions Trade System-Stratospheric ozone- Ozone depletion-Causes-Protection measures-Atmospheric pollutants-Pollutant Residence Time- Procedures of pollutants abatement-Patterns of Atmospheric Quality- Emission limits-Sulfur oxides-Nitrogen oxides-Carbon monoxide-Hydrocarbons-VOCs-PMs-Asbestos-Freons-Halogens-Ozone-Lead-Pollution from vehicles-Catalysts-Function mechanism-Problems-Confrontation-Hybrid cars-Pollution of indoor air-Indoor pollutants-Confrontation-Pollutants dispersion-Models-Temperature Inversion-Smog: Reductive/Oxidative Smog- Implications-Acid Rain-Formation-Measurements-Implications in soil, woods, agriculture, lakes, materials. Influence on ancient monuments-Ways of protection-Environmental Legislation.
The experimental part of the course includes the following experiments:
1. Dissolved Oxygen (DO) in aqueous solutions – Winkler Method
2. Determination of nickel (Ni(II)) in aqueous environmental samples
3. Determination of alkalinity in natural waters
4. BOD and DO Sag Curve in a Stream. Streeter-Phelps Equation.
5. Coliform bacterial determination in natural waters
6. Nitrite determination in environmental samples
7. Electrochemical examination of environmental samples (e.g. Eh, pH, conductivity)
Course Bibliography (Eudoxus)
1. "ΕΛΕΓΧΟΣ ΡΥΠΑΝΣΗΣ ΠΕΡΙΒΑΛΛΟΝΤΟΣ", Θ. ΚΟΥΙΜΖΗ, Κ. ΣΑΜΑΡΑ-ΚΩΝΣΤΑΝΤΙΝΟΥ, Κ ΦΥΤΙΑΝΟΥ, UNIVERSITY STUDIO PRESS, ΘΕΣΣΑΛΟΝΙΚΗ, 2000.
2. "ΡΥΠΑΝΣΗ & ΤΕΧΝΟΛΟΓΙΑ ΠΡΟΣΤΑΣΙΑΣ ΠΕΡΙΒΑΛΛΟΝΤΟΣ", ΑΛΜΠΑΝΗ Τ., ΠΑΝΕΠΙΣΤΗΜΙΟ ΙΩΑΝΝΙΝΩΝ, ΙΩΑΝΝΙΝΑ 1996.
3. "Η ΡΥΠΑΝΣΗ ΠΕΡΙΒΑΛΛΟΝΤΟΣ", ΒΑΛΚΑΝΑ Γ., ΕΚΔΟΣΕΙΣ ΠΑΠΑΖΗΣΗ, ΑΘΗΝΑ 2000.
Additional bibliography for study
1. Principles of Environmental Chemistry, James Ε. Girard, Jones and Bartlett Publishers,
Inc., United Kingdom, 2005.
2. Environmental Chemistry, Stanley E. Manahan, Eighth Edition, CRC Press, Boca Raton,
3. Applications of Environmental Chemistry: A Practical Guide for Environmental
Eugene R. Weiner, CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton, Florida, 2000.
4. Environmental Chemistry: Green Chemistry and Pollutants in Ecosystems
Eric Lichtfouse, Jan Schwarzbauer, Didier Robert, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg