Literary Movements I

Course Information
TitleΛογοτεχνικά Κινήματα Ι / Literary Movements I
CodeΛογ 510
FacultyPhilosophy
SchoolEnglish Language and Literature
Cycle / Level2nd / Postgraduate
Teaching PeriodWinter/Spring
CommonNo
StatusActive
Course ID600015360

Programme of Study: PMS Anglikés kai Amerikanikés Spoudés

Registered students: 9
OrientationAttendance TypeSemesterYearECTS
KORMOSElective CoursesWinter/Spring-15

Class Information
Academic Year2018 – 2019
Class PeriodWinter
Faculty Instructors
Weekly Hours3
Total Hours39
Class ID
600126097
Course Category
Specific Foundation / Core
Mode of Delivery
  • Face to face
Digital Course Content
Language of Instruction
  • English (Instruction, Examination)
Learning Outcomes
By the end of the seminar term, students will be expected: To have developed a thorough knowledge of the literary texts analyzed in class • To be able to use the insights of post-colonial criticism and other theoretical texts and connect them with Romantic-period literature and culture • To have understood Romantic attitudes towards empire • To be able to discuss and present (in oral and written form) literary and theoretical issues in a confident and intelligent manner
General Competences
  • Apply knowledge in practice
  • Retrieve, analyse and synthesise data and information, with the use of necessary technologies
  • Make decisions
  • Work autonomously
  • Work in teams
  • Work in an interdisciplinary team
  • Generate new research ideas
  • Appreciate diversity and multiculturality
  • Demonstrate social, professional and ethical commitment and sensitivity to gender issues
  • Be critical and self-critical
  • Advance free, creative and causative thinking
Course Content (Syllabus)
British Romanticism: Literatures, Identities, Empire By the 1830s a new understanding of national identity had emerged in Britain, the product of the consolidation of a properly imperial culture variously manifested in science and in the arts, in warfare and in politics, in economic policy and in consumerist self-fashioning, in poetry and the novel. The aim of this course is to explore how Britain’s developing sense of cultural and national identity is articulated, as well as problematised and challenged, in the work of the writers of the Romantic period, and how Britain’s sense of itself and of its very modernity are shaped by the discourses of localism, imperialism, (trans)nationalism, cosmopolitanism and by Britain’s changing image of and relations with its European and non-European “others”. Building upon the notions of representation, hybridity, nation and identity construction in the theoretical texts of Foucault, Said, Bhabha, Hall, and drawing on literary criticism that addresses these areas, we will read selected texts of poetry, fiction, travel-writing, and non-fiction prose by writers such as Wordsworth, Coleridge, Beckford, Barbauld, Byron, the Shelleys, etc. and try to assess the ways in which Romantic-period writing addresses the complex contexts inherent in the encounter of cultures.
Keywords
Romanticism, literature, identity, empire, culture, representation
Educational Material Types
  • Notes
  • Multimedia
  • Book
Use of Information and Communication Technologies
Use of ICT
  • Use of ICT in Course Teaching
  • Use of ICT in Communication with Students
  • Use of ICT in Student Assessment
Description
Use of multimedia, power point presentations, exploration of various online databases and digital projects (see bibliography page)
Course Organization
ActivitiesWorkloadECTSIndividualTeamworkErasmus
Seminars391.4
Reading Assigment1254.5
Project903.3
Written assigments1585.7
Total41215.0
Student Assessment
Description
Assessment is based on a critical essay with bibliography (5,000 words, 60% of the final grade), on two oral presentations on a selected topic (20% of the final grade) and on the overall preparation and participation of the student in class discussions (20%). Students are evaluated on the basis of how well they have comprehended the weekly reading material, how they can contribute critically to the ideas they are exposed to and how well they can express themselves orally and in writing when addressing an academic audience. The essay is assessed on the basis of organization, argumentation, originality of ideas, quality of expression in English and skills of analysis and synthesis in interpreting the literary movement examined. The criteria are made known to the students at the beginning of the course.
Student Assessment methods
  • Written Assignment (Formative, Summative)
  • Performance / Staging (Formative, Summative)
  • Preparation and partipation in class discussions (Formative, Summative)
Bibliography
Course Bibliography (Eudoxus)
COURSE OUTLINE AND READING LIST Seminar 1: Required Reading Wu, Duncan. “Introduction.” Romanticism: An Anthology. 3rd ed. Ed. Duncan Wu. Oxford: Blackwell 2006. xxx-xlii. (book to be distributed) Casaliggi, Carmen, and Porscha Fermanis, eds. Romanticism: A Literary and Cultural History. Routledge, 2016. Intro. and chapt. 1. Wright, Julia M. “Nation and Empire.” A Handbook of Romanticism Studies. Ed. Joel Faflak and Julia M. Wright. Blackwell, 2012. Seminar 2: Dialogues of Nationalism and Cosmopolitanism in the Romantic Era Required Reading Kant, Immanuel. “Idea for a Universal History with a Cosmopolitan Purpose” [1784]. The Cosmopolitan Reader. Ed. G. W. Brown and David Held. Cambridge: Polity, 2010. Gellner, Ernest. Nations and Nationalism: New Perspectives on the Past. Oxford: Blackwell, 1983. 1-7, 53-62. Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. Revised edition. London: Verso, 1991. Introduction, chapt. 6 Smith, Anthony D. “Nationalism and Cultural Identity.” National Identity. London: Penguin, 1991. 71-98. Bhabha, Homi K., ed. Nation and Narration. London: Routledge, 1990. 1-8. 291-322. Cheah, Pheng, and Bruce Robbins, eds. Cosmopolitics: Thinking and Feeling beyond the Nation. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1998. 20-41, 77-90. Simpson, David. “The Limits of Cosmopolitanism and the Case for Translation.” European Romantic Review 16.2 (April 2005): 141-152. Further Reading Vertovec, Steven, and Robin Cohen, eds. Conceiving Cosmopolitanism: Theory, Context, and Practice. Oxford: OUP, 2002. (esp. pp. 1-22, 137-145) [ELRS] Hobsbawm, E.J. Nations and Nationalism since 1780: Programme, Myth, Reality. Cambridge: CUP, 1990. 14-100. [AUTH] Hall, Stuart and Paul Du Gay, eds. Questions of Cultural Identity. London: Thousand Oaks, 1996. [AUTH] Bhabha, Homi K. “The Third Space.” Identity: Community, Culture, Difference. Ed. Jonathan Rutherford. London: Lawrence and Wishart 1990. 207-221. [ELRS] Seminar 3: The Construction of Britishness Required Reading Colley, Linda. “Britishness and Otherness: An Argument.” Journal of British Studies 31.4 (October 1992): 309-329. Ross, Marlon B. “Romancing the Nation-State: The Poetics of Romantic Nationalism.” Macropolitics of Nineteenth-Century Literature: Nationalism, Exoticism, Imperialism. Durham: Duke UP, 1995. 56-85. Burke, Edmund. Extracts from Reflections on the Revolution in France (1790). Romanticism and Revolution: A Reader. Ed. Jon Mee and David Fallon. Blackwell, 2011. Hazlitt, William. “On Patriotism.—A Fragment." The Collected Works of William Hazlitt. Ed. A.R. Waller and A. Glover. Vol. 1: The Round Table, Characters of Shakespeare's Plays. London: J.M. Dent, 1902. Further Reading Armitage, David. The Ideological Origins of the British Empire. Cambridge: CUP, 2000. 1-23, 170-198. [E-learning] Dawson, P.M.S. “Poetry in an Age of Revolution.” The Cambridge Companion to British Romanticism. Cambridge: CUP, 1993. [ELRS] Colley, Linda. Britons: Forging the Nation 1707-1837. London: Vintage, 1996 (1992). Chapts. 1, 3, 7, 8. [ELRS] Hastings, Adrian. The Construction of Nationhood: Ethnicity, Religion and Nationalism. Cambridge: CUP, 1997. Chapt. 2. [AUTH] Fulford, Tim and Peter J. Kitson, eds. Romanticism and Colonialism: Writing and Empire, 1780-1830. Cambridge: CUP, 1998. [ELRS] Seminar 4: The Home as World vs. the World as Home: Wordsworth and Byron Required Reading Wordsworth, William. From The Prelude, Book VII. Byron, George Gordon. Beppo. Lord Byron: The Complete Poetical Works. Ed. Jerome J. McGann. Vol. IV. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1980‒1993. Rutherford, Jonathan. “A Place Called Home: Identity and the Cultural Politics of Difference.” Identity: Community, Culture, Difference. London: Lawrence and Wishart 1990. 9-27. Makdisi, Saree. “Home Imperial: Wordsworth's London and the Spot of time." Romantic Imperialism: Universal Empire and the Culture of Modernity. CUP, 1998. Bone, Drummond J. “Beppo: The Liberation of Fiction.” Byron and the Limits of Fiction. Ed. Bernard Beatty and Vincent Newey. Liverpool: Liverpool U Press, 1988. 97-125. Further Reading ---. “Questions on Geography.” Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings. Ed. Colin Gordon. New York: Prentice Hall, 1980. [AUTH] Rutherford, Jonathan, ed. Identity: Community, Culture, Difference. London: Lawrence and Wishart 1990. (Hall’s “Cultural Identity and Diaspora” 222-237) [ELRS] Kelsall, Malcolm. “The Sense of Place and the Romantic Cosmopolite.” Litteraria Pragensia 3.5 (1993): 28-41. [E-learning] Massey, Doreen and P. M. Jess, eds. A Place in the World? Places, Cultures and Globalization. The Open University, 1995. [AUTH] Schoina, Maria. Romantic Anglo-Italians: Configurations of Identity in Byron, the Shelleys, and the Pisan Circle. Routledge, 2009. 99-123. [E-learning] Seminar 5: Scotland, Ireland, and the Borders of Romanticism Required Reading Casaliggi, Carmen, and Porscha Fermanis, eds. Romanticism: A Literary and Cultural History. Routledge, 2016. Chapter 4. Robert Burns, “Tam oʼ Shanter. A Tale” in Romanticism: An Anthology. Owenson, Sydney, Lady Morgan. The Wild Irish Girl (1806). [any edition will do] Pittock, Murray. Scottish and Irish Romanticism. Oxford: OUP, 2008. Chapts. 1,6. Ferris, Ina. The Romantic National Tale and the Question of Ireland. Cambridge: CUP, 2002. Introduction, Chapt. 2 Further Reading Pittock, Murray G.H. The Invention of Scotland: The Stuart Myth and the Scottish Identity, 1638 to the Present. London: Routledge, 1991. [AUTH] Miller, Julia Anne. “Acts of Union: Family Violence and National Courtship in Maria Edgeworth’s The Absentee and Sydney Owenson’s The Wild Irish Girl.” Border Crossings: Irish Women Writers and National Identities. Tuscaloosa: The Univesity of Alabama Press, 2000. 13-37. [AUTH] Trumpener, Katie. Bardic Nationalism: The Romantic Novel and the British Empire. Princeton UP, 1997. Intro. and Chapt. 1 [E-learning] Ferris, Ina. “Narrating Cultural Encounter: Lady Morgan and the Irish National Tale.” Nineteenth-Century Literature 51.3 (1996): 287-303. [E-learning] Seminar 6: Constructing and Contesting the Empire I: Jane Austen's Mansfield Park Required Reading Austen, Jane. Mansfield Park. 1814 [any edition will do] Said, Edward. Culture and Imperialism. London: Vintage, 1994. Introduction, Chapt. 1 Ferguson, Moira. “Mansfield Park: Slavery, Colonialism and Gender”. Oxford Literary Review 13 (1991): 118-39. Said, Edward. “Jane Austen and Empire”. Romanticism: A Critical Reader. Ed. Duncan Wu. London: Blackwell, 1995. Fraiman, Susan. “Jane Austen and Edward Said: Gender, Culture and Imperialism”. Critical Enquiry 21.4 (Summer 1995): 805-821. Further Reading Makdisi, Saree. “Literature, National Identity, and Empire.” The Cambridge Companion to English Literature 1740-1830. Cambridge: CUP, 2004. 61-79. [E-learning] Tuite, Clara. Romantic Austen: Sexual Politics and the Literary Canon. CUP, 2002. [AUTH] Butler, Marilyn. Jane Austen and the War of Ideas. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1975. [AUTH] Seminar 7: Constructing and Contesting the Empire II: Barbauld and Coleridge Required Reading Barbauld, Anna Letitia. “Eighteen Hundred and Eleven: A Poem” in Romanticism: An Anthology. “Review of Eighteen Hundred and Eleven: A Poem” [by John Wilson Croker] in The Quarterly Review 7 (June 1812): 309-13. Coleridge, S.T. “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner” (1816 version) in Romanticism: An Anthology. McKusick, James C. "That Silent Sea: Coleridge, Lee Boo, and the Exploration of the South Pacific." The Wordsworth Circle 24.2 (1993):102-106. Ebbatson, J.R. “Coleridge's Mariner and the Rights of Man.” Studies in Romanticism (1972)11: 171-206. Further Reading Keach, William. “A Regency Prophecy and the End of Anna Barbauld's Career.” Studies in Romanticism 33.4 (Winter 1994): 569-577. [E-learning] Carey, Brycchan. British Abolitionism and the Rhetoric of Sensibility: Writing, Sentiment and Slavery 1760-1807. Palgrave 2005. [ELRS] Janowitz, Anne. Women Romantic Poets: Anna Barbauld and Mary Robinson. Tavistock, 2004. [AUTH] Seminar 8: Travel, Tourism, and Exploration Required Reading Byron, George Gordon. Childe Harold's Pilrgimage, Canto II and Notes. Lord Byron: The Complete Poetical Works. Ed. Jerome J. McGann. Vol. II. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1980‒1993. Cardinal, Roger. “Romantic Travel.” Rewriting the Self: Histories from the Renaissance to the Present. London: Routledge, 1997. 135-155. Makdisi, Saree. Romantic Imperialism: Universal Empire and the Culture of Modernity. Cambridge: CUP, 1998. Chapt. 6. Genette, Gerard, and Marie Maclean. “Introduction to the Paratext.” NLH 22.2 (Spring 1991): 261-272. Further Reading Buzard, James. “The Grand Tour and after (1660-1840).” The Cambridge Companion to Travel Writing. Cambridge: CUP, 2002. [E-learning] Pratt, Mary Louise. Imperial Eyes: Travel Writing and Transculturation. London: Routledge, 1992. Chapt. 1 [E-learning] Saglia, Diego. “Romantic Heterotopographies: Travel Writing and Writing the Self.” Marble Wilderness: Motivi e relazioni di viaggio di Inglesi in Italia. A cura di mauro Pala. Cagliari: CUEC Editrice, 2002. [E-learning] Coole, Julia. “ ' Who shall now lead?' The Politics of Paratexts in Childe Harold's Pilgrimage, Cantos I-II.” Romanticism 24.2 (2018): 148-157. [E-learning] Seminar 9: Orientalism and the East Required Reading Beckford, William. Vathek (1786). Said, Edward. Orientalism: Western Conceptions of the Orient. 1978. London: Penguin, 1995. (extracts) Bhabha, Homi K. The Location of Culture. London: Routledge, 1994. Chapt. 3 Saglia, Diego. “William Beckford’s ‘Sparks of Orientalism’ and the Material-Discursive Orient of British Romanticism.” Textual Practice 16.1 (2002): 75‒92. Further Reading Ning, Wang. “Orientalism versus Occidentalism.” New Literary History 28.1 (1997): 57‒67. [AUTH] Lowe, Lisa. “Discourse and Heterogeneity: Situating Orientalism.” Critical Terrains: French and British Orientalisms. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1991. 1‒29. [AUTH] Makdisi, Saree. Romantic Imperialism: Universal Empire and the Culture of Modernity. Cambridge: CUP, 1998. Chapt. 1, 5. [E-learning] Leask, Nigel. British Romantic Writers and the East: Anxieties of Empire. Cambridge: CUP, 2005. [ELRS] Fulford, Tim and Peter J. Kitson, eds. Romanticism and Colonialism: Writing and Empire, 1780-1830. Cambridge: CUP, 1998. 1-47. [ELRS] Seminar 10: Romantic Hellenism/Philhellenism I Required Reading Keats, John. “On Seeing the Elgin Marbles” in The Norton Anthology of English Lit. 9th ed. Shelley, P.B. Hellas. A Lyrical Drama. Percy Bysshe Shelley: The Major Works. Ed. Zachary Leader and Michael O’Neill. Oxford: OUP, 2003. Kipperman, Mark. “History and Ideality: The Politics of Shelley's 'Hellas'.” Studies in Romanticism 30. 2 (Summer 1991): 147-168. Webb, Timothy. “Romantic Hellenism.” The Cambridge Companion to British Romanticism. Ed. Stuart Curran. Cambridge: CUP, 1993. 148-176. Esterhammer, Angela. “Translating the Elgin Marbles: Byron, Hemans, Keats.” The Wordsworth Circle XL.1 (Winter 2009): 29-36. Further Reading Leontis, Artemis. Topographies of Hellenism: Mapping the Homeland. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 1995. Intoduction, chapts. 1,2. [AUTH] Wallace, Jennifer. Shelley and Greece: Rethinking Romantic Hellenism. Houndmills: Macmillan, 1997. [AUTH] Seminar 11: Romantic Hellenism/Philhellenism II Required Reading Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft. "Euphrasia: A Tale of Greece" (1839) in Mary Shelley: Collected Tales and Stories. Ed. Charles E. Robinson. Johns Hopkins UP, 1976. Byron, George Gordon. Don Juan (Extract from Canto III). Lord Byron: The Complete Poetical Works. Ed. Jerome J. McGann. Vol. V. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1980‒1993. Tyler, Tony. “Byron’s Greek Freedom in ‘The Isles of Greece’ Lyric.” The Byron Journal 31 (2003): 66-71. (study pack B) Schoina, Maria. “Empire Politics and Feminine Civilisation in Mary Shelley’s ‘Euphrasia: A Tale of Greece.’ ” Anglo-American Perceptions of Hellenism. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing 2007. 42‒54. Further Reading Γoυργουρής, Στάθης. “Οριενταλισμός, Νεοελληνισμός και η παγκόσμια υφή του σύγχρονου πολιτισμού.” Πλανόδιον 16, Γ (Ιούνιος 1992): 364-401. [E-learning] Seminar 12: “Thou Paradise of exiles, Italy!” Required Reading Byron, George Gordon. Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage. Canto the Fourth. Lord Byron: The Complete Poetical Works. Ed. Jerome J. McGann. Vol. II. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1980‒1993. Luzzi, Joseph. “Italy without Italians: Literary Origins of a Romantic Myth.” MLN 117 (2002): 48‒83. Bone, Drummond. “Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage IV, Don Juan and Beppo.” The Cambridge Companion to Byron. Ed. Drummond Bone. Cambridge: CUP, 2004.151-170. Beatty, Bernand. “Byron and the Paradoxes of Nationalism.” Literature and Nationalism. Ed. Vincent Newey and Ann Thompson. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 1991. 152-162. Further Reading Kelsall, Malcolm. “ ‘Once did she hold the gorgeous East in fee ...’ Byron’s Venice and Oriental Empire.” Romanticism and Colonialism: Writing and Empire, 1780-1830. Ed. Tim Fulford and Peter J. Kitson. Cambridge: CUP, 1998. 243-260. [ELRS] O’Connor, Maura. The Romance of Italy and the English Political Imagination. London: Macmillan, 1998. Chapt. 2 [E-learning] Seminar 13: Conclusions
Additional bibliography for study
SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY (English Department Library) Abrams, M.H. The Mirror and the Lamp: Romantic Theory and the Critical Tradition. Oxford: OUP, 1953. Armstrong, Isobel. “The Gush of the Feminine.” Romantic Women Writers: Voices and Countervoices. Ed. Paula Feldman and Theresa M. Kelley. Hanover: University Press of New England, 1995. Bone, Drummond, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Byron. Cambridge: CUP, 2004. Bygrave, Stephen, ed. Romantic Writings. London: Routledge in association with the Open University Press, 1996. Burke, Edmund, A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origins of our Ideas of the Sublime and the Beautiful. 1757. Ed. James Boulton. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1987. Chandler, James, and Maureen N. McLane, eds. The Cambridge Companion to British Romantic Poetry 1780‒1830. Cambridge: CUP, 2008. Clemit, Pamela, ed. The Cambridge Companion to British Literature of the French Revolution in the 1790s. Cambridge: CUP, 2011. Curran, Stuart, ed. The Cambridge Companion to British Romanticism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993. ---. Poetic Form and British Romanticism. New York: OUP, 1986. Dart, Gregory. Rousseau, Robespierre and English Romanticism. Cambridge: CUP, 1999. Duff, David. Romanticism and the Uses of Genre. Oxford: OUP, 2009. Everest, Kelvin. English Romantic Poetry: An Introduction to the Historical Context and the Literary Scene. Milton Keynes: Open University Press, 1990. Franklin, Caroline. Byron. London: Routledge, 2007. Furniss, Tom. Edmund Burke’s Aesthetic Ideology. Cambridge: CUP, 1993. Fulford, Tim and Peter J. Kitson, eds. Romanticism and Colonialism: Writing and Empire, 1780-1830. Cambridge: CUP, 1998. (esp. pp. 1-47) Gill, Stephen, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Wordsworth. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003. . Kitson, Peter. Romantic Literature, Race and Colonial Encounter. Palgrave Macmillan, 2007 Klancher, Jon P. A Concise Companion to the Romantic Age. Wiley InterScience (online service). MA: Wiley Blackwell, 2009. Leask, Nigel. British Romantic Writers and the East: Anxieties of Empire. Cambridge: CUP, 2005. McCalman, Iain et al. eds. An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age: British Culture 1776-1832. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999. [Reference guide] Mellor, Anne K. Romanticism and Gender. New York: Routledge, 1993. ---, ed. Romanticism and Feminism. Indiana University Press, 1988. ---. Mothers of the Nation: Women’s Political Writing in England. Indiana Univ. Press, 2000. Natarajan, Uttara, ed. The Romantic Poets: A Guide to Criticism. MA: Blackwell, 2007. O’Neill, Michael. Percy Bysshe Shelley: A Literary Life. London: Macmillan, 1989. ---. The Human Mind’s Imaginings: Conflict and Achievement in Shelley’s Poetry. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989. Roe, Nicholas. The Politics of Nature: William Wordsworth and Some Contemporaries. New York: Palgrave, 2002. Ruston, Sharon. Romanticism. London: Continuum, 2007. Said, Edward. Orientalism: Western Conceptions of the Orient. 1978. London: Penguin, 1995. ---. Culture and Imperialism. London: Vintage, 1994. Schor, Esther, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Mary Shelley. Cambridge: CUP, 2003. Stabler, Jane. Burke to Byron, Barbauld to Baillie, 1790-1830. New York: Palgrave, 2002. Watson, J.R. English Poetry of the Romantic Period, 1789-1830. 2nd ed. London: Longman, 1992. Wilson, Carol Shiner and Joel Haefner, eds. Revisioning Romanticism: British Women Writers 1776‒1837. Philadelphia: Univ. of Pennsylvania Press, 1994. Wolfson, Susan J. The Cambridge Companion to Keats. Cambridge: CUP, 2001. ---. Borderlines. The Shiftings of Gender in British Romanticism. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford UP, 2006. Wu, Duncan, ed. A Companion to Romanticism. Oxford: Blackwell, 1998. Wu, Duncan. Romanticism: A Critical Reader. Oxford: Blackwell, 1995. DIGITAL LIBRARIES; ONLINE RESOURCES AND WEBSITES ON ROMANTIC STUDIES  HathiTrust Digital Library, http://www.hathitrust.org/  Internet Archive, https://archive.org/details/texts  University of Virginia Library, the Electronic Text Center, http://www.library.virginia.edu/organization/etext  Project Gutenberg, http://www.gutenberg.org/  Romantic Circles, http://www.rc.umd.edu  The P.B. Shelley Resource page, http://terpconnect.umd.edu/~djb/shelley/home.html  The English Romantic Page, http://vos.ucsb.edu/browse.asp?id=2750  Romanticism and Victorianism On the Net, http://www.ron.umontreal.ca (for articles)  Voice of the Shuttle, http://vos.ucsb.edu (general humanities site)  British Women Romantic Poets, 1789-1832, http://digital.lib.ucdavis.edu/  The William Blake archive, http://blakearhive.org
Last Update
22-12-2018