Water Treatment Technology

Course Information
TitleΤεχνολογία Επεξεργασίας Νερού / Water Treatment Technology
SchoolChemical Engineering
Cycle / Level2nd / Postgraduate
Teaching PeriodSpring
Course ID600015534

Programme of Study: GSP CHEMICAL AND BIOMOLECULAR ENGINEERING (2020- until now)

Registered students: 0
OrientationAttendance TypeSemesterYearECTS
HEALTH-FOODElective Course belonging to the selected specialization (Elective Specialization Course)217
ENERGY-ENVIRONMENTElective Course belonging to the selected specialization (Elective Specialization Course)217

Class Information
Academic Year2018 – 2019
Class PeriodSpring
Faculty Instructors
Weekly Hours3
Total Hours39
Class ID
Course Type 2011-2015
Knowledge Deepening / Consolidation
Mode of Delivery
  • Face to face
Digital Course Content
Language of Instruction
  • Greek (Instruction, Examination)
Learning Outcomes
After the successful completion of the subject, the students have got knowledge regarding: The physico-chemical and microbiological characteristics of water along with their influence on human health, as well as the strategy of design of water treatment processes. The processes of suspended solids separation and water disinfection The processes of dissolved salts separation from water Scale and corrosion inhibitions methods
General Competences
  • Apply knowledge in practice
  • Retrieve, analyse and synthesise data and information, with the use of necessary technologies
  • Make decisions
  • Work autonomously
  • Work in teams
  • Work in an international context
  • Work in an interdisciplinary team
  • Generate new research ideas
  • Design and manage projects
Course Content (Syllabus)
1.Physico-chemical and microbiological characteristics of water along with their influence on human health, as well as the strategy of design of water treatment processes. 2. The processes of suspended solids separation: coagulation-flocculation, sedimentation-flotation, sand and membrane filtration. Lab-experiments using coagulation-flocculation and sand and filtration for suspended solids separation, along with evaluation of the process by particles number and size distribution. 3. Water disinfection processes by various disinfectants, disinfection mechanism, process design and industrial implementations. 4. Design of processes for dissolved substances removal by implementation selective methods such as chemical precipitation, adsorption and ion exchange and non-selective such as nano-filtration and reverse osmosis. 5. Specific processes for water treatment:  Ion-exchange – adsorption: Process design – capital and running cost  Chemical and biological removal of Fe – Mn – NH3.  Cr(VI), As, Sb, Se: Origin, speciation, toxicity, removal processes, capital and running cost.  Heavy metals removal, processes design, selectivity.  Water dams, stratification and destratification processes. 6. Management of sludge from water treatment processes. 7. Scale and corrosion inhibitions methods 8. Visit to water treatment facilities
Water, quality, processes, design, particles, soluble, dam
Educational Material Types
  • Notes
  • Slide presentations
  • Interactive excersises
  • Book
Course Organization
Laboratory Work60.2
Reading Assigment200.7
Student Assessment
Student Assessment methods
  • Written Assignment (Formative, Summative)
  • Performance / Staging (Formative, Summative)
Course Bibliography (Eudoxus)
 Ποιοτικά Χαρακτηριστικά και Επεξεργασία Νερού, Μήτρακας Μ.,Εκδ.: ΤΖΙΟΛΑ, Θεσσαλονίκη, 2001.  Degremont, “Water Treatment Handbook”, 6th Ed. Lavoisier Publishing, 1991.  Water Quality and Treatment, American Water Works Association, 6th Edition, Mc Graw Hill,2010, USA. | ISBN-10: 0071630112 | ISBN-13: 978-0071630115 |  Water Treatment: Principles and Design, Montgomery Watson Harza, 2nd Edition, 2005. ISBN-10: 0471110183 | ISBN-13: 978-0471110187.  Water and Wastewater Calculations Manual, Sun Dar Lin, 2nd Ed., 2007. ISBN-10: 0071476245 | ISBN-13: 978-0071476249.  Water Treatment, Nicholas G. Pizzi, American Water Works Association, 2010.  Industrial Water Reuse and Wastewater Minimization, James G. Mann, Y. A. Liu, 1st Edition, 1999. ISBN-10: 0071348557 | ISBN-13: 978-0071348553.  Minimization Adsorption Design for Wastewater Treatment, David O. Cooney, 1998. ISBN-10: 1566703336 | ISBN-13: 978-1566703338 | Edition: 1  Drinking Water Treatment, Ray, Chittaranjan, Jain, Ravi (Eds.), 1st Edition, 2011. ISBN 978-94-007-1103-7  Water Treatment- Principles and Design, John Wiley and Sons, USA, 2012. ISBN13: 978-0470405390, ISBN10: 0470405392
Additional bibliography for study
Ενδεικτικές επιστημονικές εργασίες δημοσιευμένες: 1. Moustaka – Gouni M., Albanakis K., Mitrakas M., Psilovikos A., “Planktic autotrophs and environmental conditions in the newly – formed Thesaurus reservoir in Nestos river, Greece”, Archiv fur Hydrobiologie, 149(3), 507-526, 2000. 2. Albanakis K., Mitrakas M., Moustaka-Gouni M., Psilovikos A., “Determination of the environmental parameters that influence sulphide formation in the newly formed Thesaurus reservoir, in Nestos river, Greece, Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 10(6), 566-571, 2001. 3. Mitrakas M., “A survey of arsenic levels in tap, underground, and thermal mineral waters of Greece, Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 10(6), 717-721, 2001. 4. Mitrakas M., Simeonidis K., “Bromate formation in bottled water during ozone disinfection”, Ozone Science and Engineering, 25, 167-175, 2003. 5. Mitrakas M., Bougiouklis J., Andritsos N., “Removal of particulates and organics from Aliakmon river water”, Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 12(10), 1218-1227, 2003. 6. Mitrakas M., Patsos A., Tzimou-Tsitouridou R., Sikalidis C., “Effect of temperature on Ct value and bromate formation during ozonation of bottled water”, Fresenius Environmental Bulletin,17(3), 341-346, 2008. 7. Mitrakas Μ., Panteliadis P., Keramidas V., Tzimou-Tsitouridou R., Sikalidis C., “Predicting Fe3+ dose for As(V) removal at pHs and temperatures commonly encountered in natural waters”, Chemical Engineering Journal, 155, 716-721, 2009. 8. Mitrakas M., Pantazatou A., Tzimou-Tsitouridou R., Sikalidis C., “Influence of pH and temperature on Cr (VI) removal from a natural water using Fe (II): A pilot and full scale case study” Desalination and Water Treatment Journal, 33, 77-85, 2011. 9. Tresintsi S., Simeonidis K., Vourlias G., Stavropoulos G. and Mitrakas M., “Kilogram-scale synthesis of iron oxy-hydroxides with improved arsenic removal capacity: Study of Fe (II) oxidation-precipitation parameters”, Water Research, 46(16), 5255-5267, 2012. 10. Tresintsi S., Simeonidis K., Zouboulis A., Mitrakas M., “Comparative study of As (V) removal by ferric coagulation and oxy-hydroxides adsorption: Laboratory and full scale case studies”, Desalination and Water Treatment Journal, 51(13-15), 2872-2880, 2013. 11. Mitrakas M., Samaras P., Stylianou S., Kakalis C., Zouboulis A., “Artificial destratification of Dipotamos reservoir in Northern Greece by low energy air injection”, Water Science and Technology: Water Supply, 13.4, 1046-1055, 2013. 12. Tresintsi S., Simeonidis K., Estradé S., Martinez-Boubeta C., Vourlias G., Pinakidou F., Katsikini M., Paloura E., Stavropoulos G. and Mitrakas M. “Tetravalent manganese feroxyhyte: a novel nano-adsorbent equally selective for As(III) and As(V) removal from drinking water”, Environmental Science and Technology, 47 (17), 9699-9705, 2013. 13. Katsoyiannis I., Zouboulis A., Mitrakas M., Althoff H. W. and Bartel H. “A hybrid system incorporating a pipe reactor and microfiltration for biological iron, manganese and arsenic removal from anaerobic groundwater”, Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 22-12c, 3848-3853, 2013. 14. Tresintsi S., Simeonidis K., Katsikini, Paloura E.C., Bantsis G., M., Mitrakas M., “A novel approach for arsenic adsorbents regeneration using MgO”, Journal of Hazardous Material, 265, 217-225, 2014. 15. Tresintsi S., Simeonidis K., Pliatsikas N., Vourlias G., Patsalas P., Mitrakas M., “The role of SO42- Surface distribution in arsenic removal by iron oxy-hydroxides”, Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 213, 145-151, 2014. 16. Tresintsi S., Simeonidis K., Mitrakas M., “Mn-feroxyhyte: The role of synthesis conditions on As (III) and As (V) removal capacity”, Chemical Engineering Journal, 251, 192-198, 2014. 17. Kaprara E., Kazakis N., Simeonidis K., Coles S., Zouboulis A., Samaras P., Mitrakas M., «Occurrence of Cr(VI) in drinking water of Greece and relation to the geological background” Journal of Hazardous Materials, 281, 2-11, 2015. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2014.06.084. 18. Pinakidou F., Katsikini M., Simeonidis K., Paloura E.C., and Mitrakas M., An X-Ray absorption study of synthesis- and As adsorption-induced microstructural modifications in Fe oxy-hydroxides, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 298, 203-209, 2015 19. Pinakidou F., Kaprara E., Katsikini M., Paloura E., Simeonidis K., Mitrakas M., «Sn(II) oxy-hydroxides as potential adsorbents for Cr(VI)-uptake from drinking water: An X-Ray Absorption study», Science of the Total Environment, 551-552, 246-253, 2016. doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.01.208, 20. Kalaitzidou K., Mitrakas M., Raptopoulou C., Tolkou A., Palasantza P-A., Zouboulis A., «Pilot-scale phosphate recovery from secondary wastewater effluent», Environmental Processes, Suppl1: S5-S22, 2016. DOI 10.1007/s40710-016-0139-1. 21. Kokkinos Ε., Simeonidis Κ., Pinakidou F., Katsikini M., Mitrakas M., “Optimization of tetravalent manganese feroxyhyte negative charge density: a high-performing mercury adsorbent from drinking water”, Science of the Total Environment, 574, 482-489, 2017. DOI: 10.1016/ j.scitotenv.2016.09.068. 22. Simeonidis K., Papadopoulou V., Tresintsi S., Kokkinos E., Katsoyiannis I, Zouboulis A, Mitrakas M., “Efficiency of iron-based oxy-hydroxides in removing antimony from groundwater to levels below the drinking water regulation limits”, Sustainability Journal, 9, 238, 1-11, 2017, doi: 10.3390/su9020238. 23. Kaprara E., Tziarou N., Kalaitzidou K., Simeonidis K., Balcells L., Pannunzio E., Zouboulis A., Mitrakas M., “The use of Sn(II) oxy-hydroxides for the effective removal of Cr(VI) from water: optimization of synthesis parameters”, Science of the Total Environment, 605-606: 190-198, 2017, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.06.199 24. Kokkinos E, Soukakos K., Kostoglou M, Mitrakas M., “Cadmium, mercury and nickel adsorption by tetravalent manganese feroxyhyte: Selectivity, kinetic modelling and thermodynamic study”, Environmental Science and Pollution Research Journal, 1-11, 28 July 2017, doi: 10.1007/s11356-017-9738-2. 25. Mantha Z., Tzollas N., Stylianou S., Katsoyiannis I., Mitrakas M., Zouboulis A., “Removal of Sb(III) and Sb(V) dissolved species from polluted water sources by iron coagulants” Water, 10, 1328, 2018, doi:10.3390/w10101328
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