The Archaic Period

Course Information
TitleΑρχαϊκή Εποχή / The Archaic Period
CodeΙΑΕ 704
SchoolHistory and Archaeology
Cycle / Level2nd / Postgraduate
Teaching PeriodWinter/Spring
Course ID600015973

Programme of Study: Historical Research

Registered students: 0
OrientationAttendance TypeSemesterYearECTS
Archaías Ellīnikīs kai Rōmaïkīs IstoríasElective CoursesWinter/Spring-15

Class Information
Academic Year2018 – 2019
Class PeriodWinter
Faculty Instructors
Class ID
Course Type 2011-2015
Specific Foundation / Core
Mode of Delivery
  • Face to face
Digital Course Content
The course is also offered to exchange programme students.
Language of Instruction
  • Greek (Instruction, Examination)
Learning Outcomes
Students who attend the course are expected to • understand the theoretical questions concerning the character of the Archaic Period and the historical sources on which the study of the period in question is based. • learn the basic features of the political and social organization of the Archaic Period. • Comprehend the process that led to the gradual evolution of political institutions. • to become sensitive to methodological and practical issues related to their field of study • practice their skills to present orally and in written their ideas and arguments.
General Competences
  • Work autonomously
  • Appreciate diversity and multiculturality
  • Be critical and self-critical
  • Advance free, creative and causative thinking
Course Content (Syllabus)
The purpose of the seminar is to present and analyze the transition from the eighth century to classical times. At the same time, through the presentation of the political, economic and social transformations, the different paths of the evolution of the Greek city-states will be explained. Apart from the development of the city-state, phenomena such as the so-called colonization, the crisis of the aristocratic Greek society, the tyrannis, the existence of legislators will be studied through the archaeological and literary testimonies of the period under consideration. Course Weekly Schedule 1st Week: General Introduction. Basic characteristics of the Archaic period. Primary sources (archaeological - literary). 2nd week: Greece in the 9th and 8th centuries. Discussion of selected sources. 3rd week: The role of religion and the appearance of the sanctuaries. The world of Hesiod. Discussion of selected sources. 4th week: Homer's epics. The invention of alphabetical writing. Discussion of selected sources. 5th week: Formation of communities, population growth. Discussion of selected sources. 6th week: Greek colonization (8th-6th c.). The spread of Hellenism in the Mediterranean: the stages of colonization and its characteristics. Political and social organization of Greeks at the time of colonization. Discussion of selected sources. 7th week: The crisis of the aristocracy. Reform of communities: The agricultural crisis, the hoplite "revolution", the law, the polity and the arbitrary rule. The invention of the coin. Discussion of selected sources. 8th week: The city-state. Discussion of selected sources. Week 9: The phenomenon of tyrannis (Corinth, Sikyon, Argos, Samos). Discussion of selected sources. 10th week: The Greek world around 600 BC .The appearance of legislators. Lykourgos and Sparta. Solo and Athens. 11th week: The tyranny of the Peisistratids. Discussion of selected sources. 12th week: Kleisthenes' reforms and the beginnings of democracy. Confrontation of Greeks and Persians: Ionian Revolution. Discussion of selected sources. 13th week: Greece and the Persian Empire as the battle of Marathon. Themistocles and his naval program. Xerxes' campaign and the Wars of 480-479. Discussion of selected sources.
City-state, constitution, politics, society, Greece
Educational Material Types
  • Selected bibliography
Use of Information and Communication Technologies
Use of ICT
  • Use of ICT in Course Teaching
  • Use of ICT in Communication with Students
Course Organization
Reading Assigment1525.1
Written assigments1254.2
Student Assessment
Students will have to study weekly specific book chapters, articles and primary sources, and present, orally or in written, brief reports of their critical reading. Students' evaluation will depend on their weekly presentations, their ability to argue and to answer complicated questions based on bibliography and the relevant sources, and on their final essay for the course.
Student Assessment methods
  • Written Assignment (Formative, Summative)
  • Oral Exams (Formative)
Additional bibliography for study
-C. Mossé, Η Αρχαϊκή Ελλάδα. Από τον 'Ομηρο ως τον Αισχύλο (μετάφραση Σ. Πασχάλης), Μ.Ι.Ε.Τ., Αθήνα 1987.
 -A. Andrewes, Αρχαία Ελληνική Κοινωνία (μετάφραση Α. Παναγόπουλος), Καρδαμίτσα, Αθήνα 1983.
 -R. Osborne, Η γένεση της Ελλάδας, 1200-479 π.Χ. (μετάφραση Τ. Σιέτη), Οδυσσέας, Αθήνα 1999.
 -Ι. Πίκουλας, Εισαγωγή στην Αρχαία Ελληνική Ιστορία και Αρχαιολογνωσία, Αθήνα 2006. -W. Schuller, Ιστορία της Αρχαίας Ελλάδας από την Κρητομυκηναϊκή εποχή ως το τέλος των κλασικών χρόνων (μετάφραση Αφροδίτη Καμάρα, Χριστίνα Κοκκινιά, εποπτεία Κώστας Μπουραζέλης), Μ.Ι.Ε.Τ., Αθήνα 1999. -P.J. Rhodes, A History of the Greek City-States. A Source Book, Cambridge 2007-Β' έκδοση [Ελλ. μετάφρ. Ι.Κ. Ξυδόπουλος, Οι ελληνικές πόλεις-κράτη. Μία συλλογή πηγών, Αθήνα 2011].
 -R. Meiggs and D.M. Lewis, A Selection of Greek Historical Inscriptions to the End of the Fifth Century BC, Oxford 1969. -J. M. Hall, Αρχαία Ελληνική εστορία. Η αρχαϊκή εποχή 1200-479 π.Χ., Ζήτης, Θεσσαλονίκη 2013. -R. Osborne, Αρχαία Ελληνική Ιστορία (μτφ. Μ. Καστανά - Γ. Τσολάκης), University Studio Press, Θεσσαλονίκη 2011.
 -D. Kagan and Viggiano, G.F. (eds.), Men of Bronze. Hoplite Warfare in Ancient Greece, Princeton 2013 -Raaflaub, K. A. and van Wees, H. (Eds.), A Companion to Archaic Greece, Oxford: Blackwell, 2009 -Snodgrass, A. Archaic Greece: the age of experiment, London, etc.: Dent.1980. -Shapiro, H. A., The Cambridge Companion to Archaic Greece, Cambridge University Press, 2007 -Fisher, N. and van Wees, H. (eds.), Archaic Greece: New Approaches and New Evidence. London and Swansea: Duckworth and The Classical Press of Wales, 1998.
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