Klefts, Palikars and Brigands: Greek Outlaws and Heroes

Course Information
TitleΚλέφτες, Παλικάρια και Αντάρτες: Έλληνες Παράνομοι και Ηρωες / Klefts, Palikars and Brigands: Greek Outlaws and Heroes
CodeΙΝΣ 702
SchoolHistory and Archaeology
Cycle / Level2nd / Postgraduate
Teaching PeriodWinter/Spring
Course ID600016032

Programme of Study: Historical Research

Registered students: 0
OrientationAttendance TypeSemesterYearECTS
Neóterīs kai Sýnchronīs Istorías Elective CoursesWinter/Spring-15

Class Information
Academic Year2018 – 2019
Class PeriodWinter
Faculty Instructors
Class ID
Course Type 2011-2015
Knowledge Deepening / Consolidation
Mode of Delivery
  • Face to face
Digital Course Content
Language of Instruction
  • Greek (Instruction)
Learning Outcomes
Students who attend the course are expected to • understand the theoretical questions concerning brigandage on a global scale • learn the basic features of the armatolik institution and the klephtic tradition in the Balkan and the Greek milieu in modern times • Comprehend the process and the impact of shaping and disseminating stereotypical images • to become sensitive to methodological and practical issues related to their field of study • practice their skills to present orally and in written their ideas and arguments.
General Competences
  • Work autonomously
  • Generate new research ideas
  • Appreciate diversity and multiculturality
  • Be critical and self-critical
  • Advance free, creative and causative thinking
Course Content (Syllabus)
The seminar concerns the special role of armed and irregular fighters in Greek history. It is the stock of which Greek heroes are made and has affected deeply the formation of Greek society and ideology. After presenting the modern historical approach of brigandage, the course will proceed with the study of the armatolik and the klephtic phenomenon as the by-products of inefficient state control over the mountainous periphery; the role of brigands on the Greek 19th century political scene and foreign policy until the Balkan Wars; the suppression of brigandage in the interwar period and the revival of the klephtic ideal during WWII, as a reflection of the resistance; the importance of brigandage for the stereotypical image of Greece in Europe; Balkan parallel cases; the image of the klepht as the stereotypical palikari in folk songs, 19th century literature and the popular press; and the mass canonisation of heroes in the 20th century.
thieves, brigands, palikars, heroes, armatoles, Greek history
Educational Material Types
  • selected bibliography
Use of Information and Communication Technologies
Use of ICT
  • Use of ICT in Course Teaching
Course Organization
Reading Assigment2107
Written assigments1204
Student Assessment
Every student will prepare one paper per week, 3-5 pages long, a review of books and/or articles. He/she is expected to answer relevant questions and present briefly his/her topic.
Student Assessment methods
  • Written Assignment (Formative)
  • Oral Exams (Formative)
Additional bibliography for study
• Alexander, J., Brigandage and Public Order in the Morea, 1685-1806 (Athens, 1985). • Ανώνυμος, Η στρατιωτική ζωή εν Ελλάδι: χειρόγραφον έλληνος υπαξιωματικού (Αθήνα, 1986). • Boeschoten van, R., «Κλεφταρματoλoί, ληστές και κοινωνική ληστεία», Μνήμων 11 (1991), 9-24. • Boeschoten van, R., From Armatolik to People's Rule: Investigation into the Collective Memory of Rural Greece (1750-1949) (Hakkert, 1991). • Βουρνάς, Τ. Η ληστοκρατία σαν πρόβλημα των πρώτων φάσεων του ελευθέρου εθνικού μας βίου. Ιστορική μελέτη-εισαγωγή (Αθήνα, 1960). • Δερμεντζόπουλος, Χ., Το ληστρικό μυθιστόρημα στην Ελλάδα: Μύθοι, παραστάσεις, ιδεολογία (Αθήνα 1997) • Jenkins, R., The Dilessi Murders (London, 1961). • Κολιόπουλος, Γ., Ληστές: Η Κεντρική Ελλάδα στα μέσα του 19ου αιώνα (Αθήνα, 1980). • Koliopoulos, J.S., Brigands with a Cause: Brigandage and Irredentism in Modern Greece 1821-1912 (Oxford, 1987). • Κοντογιώργης, Γ., «Οι ελλαδικές κοινωνικές και πολιτικές δυνάμεις στην ύστερη τουρκοκρατία. Οι συνθήκες διαμόρφωσης της κοινωνικής και πολιτικής πάλης και οι μεταπελευθερωτικές συνέπειες», Γ. Κοντογιώργης (επιμ.), Κοινωνικές και πολιτικές δυνάμεις στην Ελλάδα (Αθήνα, 1977), σ. 5-38. • Στάθης, Π., “From Klephts and Armatoloi to Revolutionaries” Ottoman Rule and the Balkans, 1760-1850. Conflict, Τransformation, Αdaptation (Ρέθυμνο, 2007), σ. 167-179. • Θεοτοκάς Νίκος, και Νίκος Κοταρίδης, Η οικονομία της βίας. Παραδοσιακές και νεωτερικές εξουσίες στην Ελλάδα του 19ου αιώνα, Αθήνα 2006. • Τζανακάρης, Β., Τα παλληκάρια τα καλά σύντροφοι τα σκοτώνουν (Αθήνα, 2002)
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