Course Information
TitleΩ.Ρ.Λ. / ENT
FacultyHealth Sciences
Cycle / Level1st / Undergraduate
Teaching PeriodWinter
CoordinatorKonstantinos Markou
Course ID200000349

Class Information
Academic Year2018 – 2019
Class PeriodSpring
Faculty Instructors
Weekly Hours4
Class ID
1. Α΄ ΩΡΛ
2. Β΄ ΩΡΛ
Course Type 2016-2020
  • General Knowledge
  • Scientific Area
  • Skills Development
Course Type 2011-2015
Specific Foundation / Core
Mode of Delivery
  • Face to face
Digital Course Content
Language of Instruction
  • Greek (Instruction, Examination)
  • English (Instruction, Examination)
Learning Outcomes
1. Learning the basic everyday ENT – Head & Neck diseases. 2. Linking the ENT knowledge with other medical specialties, such as Neurology, Neurosurgery, Ophthalmology, Internal Medicine, Dermatology and Pediatrics. 3. The ability for the student, prospective graduate of medicine, to perform a thorough basic ENT examination. 4. The transmission of practical actions and skills acquisition to the students for the management of everyday ENT diseases and emergency cases. 5. The sensitization of students to medical issues, such as head & neck cancer, childhood deafness, and others which have essential social implications, in order to achieve the early diagnosis and the right direction of the patients. 6. The transmission and acquisition of encyclopedic knowledge in the whole field of ENT and contemporary methods for treating ENT diseases.
General Competences
  • Apply knowledge in practice
  • Adapt to new situations
  • Make decisions
  • Demonstrate social, professional and ethical commitment and sensitivity to gender issues
  • Be critical and self-critical
  • Advance free, creative and causative thinking
Course Content (Syllabus)
Lectures: Introduction to ENT and subspecialties, essentials in anatomy – physiology in the head and neck area, ENT diseases and management. Problems of social integration of deaf and hard-of-hearing people and cancer patients. The lectures take place during the 8th semester, in 13 two-hour lessons: 1. Introduction to ENT. 2. Anatomy - physiology of hearing and balance. 3. Diseases of external-middle ear and eustachian tube. Acute otitis media. 4. Chronic otitis media. Tympanoplasty surgery. 5. Diseases of anterior labyrinth. Etiology of hearing loss – Diagnosis – Treatment. 6. Management of sensorineural hearing loss. 7. Diseases of the posterior labyrinth-vertigo-nystagmus. 8. Hard-of-hearing child. Psychopathology of child - parents. General considerations. Diagnosis – treatment of development and speech disorders in the hard-of-hearing child. 9. Anatomy-physiology of the nose-paranasal cavities. Epistaxis. Nasal obstruction. 10. Inflammation – tumours of paranasal sinuses. Diagnostic methods – Treatment. 11. Medical emergencies in otolaryngology – head & neck surgery. Head traumatology. Priorities – Management. 12. Anatomy – Physiology of larynx. Dysphonia – Larynx inflammations. 13. Tumors of the larynx. Cervical masses. Tracheotomy. Clinical practice: Analysis of medical thinking from the symptom to the diagnosis – practical course – skills acquisition in ENT basic actions (management of epistaxis following head trauma – tracheotomy – clinical examination in ENT). In clinical practice courses, each two-hour includes the following sections: 1. Otology a) Basic knowledge of anatomy and physiology. b) Semiology: - otalgia - otorrhea - bleeding ear - hearing loss - vertigo - nystagmus - tinnitus - facial nerve paralysis - ear pinna masses and ulcers c) Clinical examination: - visual examination - palpation - otoscopy - eustachian tube testing - hearing & balance testing - radiological examination 2. Rhinology a) Basic knowledge of anatomy and physiology. b) Semiology: - epistaxis - rhinorrhea (odorless-smelly) - sneezing - nasal obstruction -rhinorrhea - CSF rhinorrhea - cephalalgia, face pain - olfactory disturbance (hyposmia, anosmia, parosmia, cacosmia) - unilateral conductive hearing loss - unilateral exopthalmia - facial mass c) Clinical examination: - visual examination - palpation - rhinoscopy - endoscopy - paranasal sinus punction and washout (antroscopy) - nasal permeability testing (rhinomanometry, rhinometry) - olfactory testing - nasal allergy testing - radiological examination 3. Pharynx - Oesophagus a) Basic knowledge of anatomy and physiology. b) Semiology: - odynophagia - dysphagia - pharyngodynia - nasal breathing difficulty - conductive hearing loss - cephalalgia - mass - trismus c) Clinical examination: - visual examination - endoscopy - oral & pharynx endoscopy - posterior rhinoscopy - indirect laryngoscopy - digital examination of the rhinopharynx - palatine tonsils testing - oesophagoscopy - radiological examination 4. Larynx – trachea - Neck a) Basic knowledge of anatomy and physiology. b) Semiology: - hoarseness - odynophagia - dyspnea - stridor - hemoptysis - cough - aspiration - mass - dysarthria – dysphonia c) Clinical examination: - visual examination - palpation - indirect laryngoscopy - direct laryngoscopy - microlaryngoscopy - laryngoscopy with flexible or rigid pharyngo-laryngoscope - stroboscopy - tracheobronchoscopy - radiological, ultrasound, scintigraphic control - tracheotomy 5. Oral cavity – salivary glands a) Basic knowledge of anatomy and physiology. b) Semiology: - cacosmia - xerostomia - lesions on the surface of the tongue - pain, odynophagia - ulcerations - hemorrhage - trismus - speech disorders - mass - facial nerve disorders - gustation disorders - tongue mobility c) Clinical examination: - visual examination - palpation - gustation testing - catheterization of salivary glands duct - radiological examination 6. Laboratory testing a) hearing tests (audiometry) b) balance tests
Use of Information and Communication Technologies
Use of ICT
  • Use of ICT in Course Teaching
  • Use of ICT in Laboratory Teaching
  • Use of ICT in Communication with Students
Course Organization
Reading Assigment60.2
Clinical Practice
Other / Others
Student Assessment
No absence is justified during the clinical practice courses. The attendance of lectures at amphitheaters is not compulsory. At the end of the clinical practice courses the students give an oral exam to the teacher of the each team. The final evaluation is achieved through written exams during the official examination periods fixed for each academic year. The written exams are held on the same day and hour by both academic ENT Departments in different amphitheaters. The written exams consist of short answer questions.
Student Assessment methods
  • Written Exam with Short Answer Questions (Summative)
  • Oral Exams (Formative)
  • Clinical Examination of Patient (Formative)
Course Bibliography (Eudoxus)
Το βιβλίο αναφοράς του μαθήματος είναι το σύγγραμμα με τίτλο «Ωτορινολαρυγγολογία - Χειρουργική Κεφαλής και Τραχήλου» των Μελών ΔΕΠ της Α΄ και Β΄ Ω.Ρ.Λ. Κλινικής του Α.Π.Θ. Εκδόσεις Copy City EΠΕ 2008. The reference book is entitled “Otolaryngology – Head & Neck surgery” by the academic staff of the 1st and 2nd ENT Department of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (Copy City ΕΠΕ, 2008).
Last Update