After a completing the course successfully, the student will be able to:
• name and describe the structure and function of the neuromuscular system.
• identify the type of neuromuscular adaptations that take place after an intervention (e.g. training, fatigue, warm-up etc.).
• recognize and describe the special properties of the neuromuscular system at different ages (from developmental to older age).
• name and describe the methods that are used for the evaluation of the neuromuscular system and the human motion.
• apply the above methods and plan appropriate measurement's protocol.
• interpret the recorded data of laboratory measurements that are related to the function of the neuromuscular system and human motion.
• evaluate the quality and effectiveness of human motion and to recognize possible deficits during the execution.
• present methods and research findings in short oral presentations
Course Content (Syllabus)
1. Introduction to neuromuscular adaptations
2. Nerve cell, nervous system, sensory organs, motor unit.
3. Muscle cell, neuromuscular junction, muscular system, muscular architecture
4. Force evaluation - isokinetics
5. Muscle activation, electromyography, co-contraction, electromyogram recording and analysis
6. Electrical stimulation (muscle, nerve, brain)
7. Reflexes, stretch reflex
8. Basic functions: walking, balance, stretch-shortening cycle, tendon vibration
9. Acute adaptations, warm-up, fatigue, post-activation potentiation
10. Chronic adaptations, training, injury, ageing
11. Comments on tests - QA
12. Presentations and discussion Ι
13. Presentations and discussion ΙΙ
14. Introduction to motion analysis
15. Kinematic analysis
16. Kinetic (dynamic) analysis
17. Protocols and parameters used in motion analysis
18. Laboratory lesson - motion analysis of everyday movements (i.e. gait analysis) or athletic movement (i.e. vertical jump)
19. Laboratory lesson - Ultrasonography (motion analysis of the muscle)
20. Interpretation and evaluation of laboratory measurements. Methods of analyzing and evaluating the quality of human movement
21. Interaction between mechanical (musculoskeletal) and nervous system during movement execution
22. Gait analysis I
23. Gait analysis II
24. Gait disorders
25. Presentations and discussion ΙII
26. Presentations and discussion IV
neuromuscular system, electromyography, electrical stimulation, fatigue, training