Course Content (Syllabus)
Ecology and Protection of Environment
1st Introduction on Environmental Science (systems, cybernetic systems, biological systems, Gaia hypothesis, structure of ecosystems, biological community, abiotic elements of ecosystems).
2nd Energy and Productivity of Ecosystems (solar radiation, consumption of energy from plant and animal organisms, thermodynamic laws, primary production, ecosystems productivity and influencing factors, energy flow in ecosystems, trophic relationships, ecological pyramids).
3nd Biogeochemical cycles (water cycle, oxygen cycle, carbon cycle, nitrogen cycle, phosphorus cycle, sulfur cycle).
4th Population dynamics (population growth, environmental resistance, carrying capacity of the environment, population regulation, interactions between species, ecological succession).
5th Pollution and Protection of Environment (demography, food production and the environment, urbanization, living standards and relative problems, global food production and environmental problems, optimization of primary food production and feeds, farm animals production and the environment, use and management of aquatic resources)
6th Environment and farm animal production (environmental pollution impacts on animal production, soil quality – soil pollution, soil acidification soil erosion on animal production)
7th Natural and artificial pastures. Ecological problems.
8th Water quality and farm animal production (pollution, acidification, salinization of hydrosphere)
9th Air quality and farm animal production (air pollution by sulfur, carbon nitrogen oxides, ammonia, aerosols and heavy metals).
10th-11th Agricultural and animal wastes (Pointed and Regional sources of pollution, agricultural and animal wastes).
Codes of Good Agricultural Practice
12th Impacts on human and animal health by environmental pollution caused by agricultural and animal wastes.
13th Animal waste management (principles of handling, treatment, disposal and utilization of animal wastes as fertilizers, feedstuff, energy).
14th Pig farms: Quantitative and qualitative characteristics, handling, treatment and disposal of animal slurries. Protection of Environment.
15th Poultry farms: Quantitative and qualitative characteristics, handling, treatment and disposal of animal wastes. Protection of Environment.
16th Cattle farms: Quantitative and qualitative characteristics, handling, treatment and disposal of animal wastes and wastewater. Protection of Environment.
17th Small Ruminant farms: Quantitative and qualitative characteristics, handling, treatment and disposal of animal wastes and wastewater. Protection of Environment.
18th-19th Veterinary medicinal products and Environment.
20th Environmental problems related to food production of animal origin (waste and wastewater manipulation)
21th-22th Animal byproducts from slaughter houses (Reg. 1069/2009 EU)
23th Environmental protection policy on a Global, European and National level.
2 h Changes on the quality of aquatic ecosystems caused by pollution.
2 h Wastewater treatment methods, waste utilization.
2 h Evaluation of animal waste pollution potential. Changes of the water diluted oxygen concentration.
3 h Impacts on natural environment by productive activities (wetlands of Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas estuaries).
3 h Animal waste treatment, aerobic and anaerobic wastewater treatment plants.