Τhe lesson has multiple goals.
The lesson is adapted to the needs and goals of the School.
The objectives of the course Space Theory - History of Architecture as it is addressed to students of Fine and Applied Arts Department are multiple and adapted to the needs of the Department.
Understanding the concept of architecture and the general living environment and space is a primary objective. The concept of architecture is firstly analyzed through the three parameters set by ancient writer Vitruvius, namely Firmitas-utilitas-venustas (solidity - functionality and aesthetics / symbolism). In addition to the visual and aesthetic seeks to understand the psychological aspects of architecture and the interaction between buildings and the human community both now and in the past. Analyzed concepts such as perception of space, elements and dynamics independently and through different seasons.
An important objective of the course is to provide knowledge on the architectural and urban achievements of man and enlarge thus the humanistic education of artists. These achievements are illustrated with scientific method and chronological order. The monuments associated with the general social conditions and the movements of the spirit of each era. Attempting to understand and assess the forms of the past, many of which are today parts of our surroundings. This effort is accompanied by stylistic analysis and interpretation of architectural compositions of examples from historical times until today, whose architectural and other values withstood time. Understanding and analyzing the relationship between architecture and the visual arts and the applied is a key theme of the course. Thus the analysis of architectural achievements and evolution of architecture is always accompanied by corresponding artistic trends and developments.
Through the course encouraged the visual observation of the built environment. Effort that the observation goes beyond the simple picture in the retina and be analytical and critical thinking process. Through this process is expected to enrich the images received by the student and broadening horizons for improving the expressive possibilities and instruments.
Finally attempts to sensitize students to cultural heritage and to contribute, through knowledge and understanding, the protection of monuments of the past, and preserving the wealth of memory and cultural heritage.
To acquire knowledge and methodological pedagogical tools to teach the knowledge acquired in aesthetics in primary and secondary education.
To lesson contributes to pedagogical and teaching proficiency.
Course Content (Syllabus)
1. Introduction to History of Architecture and Theory of Space.
2. The beginnings. Neolithic architecture in Europe and the Mediterranean
Architecture in Egypt, Archaic and Old kingdom tombs. Middle and New Kingdom burial chambers. Mortuary and New Kingdom temples. Secular architecture.
3. Architecture in Egypt, Archaic and Old kingdom tombs Middle and New Kingdom burial chambers. Mortuary and New Kingdom temples. Secular architecture.
4. Architecture in ancient Near East. Mesopotamia, Ancient Israel, Achaemenian and Sassanian Persia, Hittites.
5. Architecture in Crete and Mycenae.
6. Architecture in Greece and its colonies in the archaic period. The Doric Order. Description and interpretation. The Doric temples in Greece and Southern Italy.
7. The Ionic Order. Ionic temples in Greece and Ionia. The construction of the temples. The optical refinements.
8. The Acropolis in Athens and its 5th century monuments. The Parthenon, the Erechtheum, the Propylea and the temple of Athena Nike.
9. The 4th century. The Corinthian Order. Hellenistic trends.
10. Civic architecture in Greece. Theatres, bouleuteria, sanctuaries, choragic monuments. The importance of public space: Agora and its buildings. City planning: the Hippodamian scheme. Residential architecture.
11. The Etruscans and the Roman civilization. The Roman structural revolution. The impact of Greek architecture. Bridges, aqueducts, theatres, amphitheatres, arenas, circuses, baths, temples.
12. City planning. The Roman forum and the political life. Cities and urban life: houses, villas and palaces
13. The foundation of Thessaloniki. Architecture and city planning during the Hellenistic and roman era. Visit of the Roman Forum, the Galerian complex and the Archaeological Museum.
Egypt, Mesopotamia, Crete, Mycenae, classical architecture, Roman architecture
Additional bibliography for study
J. Gympel (μετάφραση Α. Χατζηανδρέου), Ιστορία της Αρχιτεκτονικής. Από την αρχαιότητα έως σήμερα, εκδ. Κöneman, 2006, σ. 6-13.
W. Müller-Wiener (μετάφραση Μ. Σμίτ-Δούνα), Η αρχιτεκτονική στην Αρχαία Ελλάδα, Θεσσαλονίκη, 1995.
R. Furneau-Jordan (μετάφραση Δ. Ηλίας), Ιστορία της Αρχιτεκτονικής, Αθήνα, 1981, 9-93.
E. Gombrich (μετάφραση Λ. Κάσδαγλη), Το χρονικό της τέχνης, Αθήνα, 1998