Course Content (Syllabus)
Crystalline and amorphous states of matter. Symmetry in direct and inverse space, Crystal directions and planes. Periodicity, symmetry point groups and space. Basic types of crystal structures. Equipment for generation of X-rays (tubes, fixed and rotating anodes, storage rings and synchrotron radiation). Detection of X-rays: scintillation counters, solid state counters, imaging screens. X-ray diffraction of single crystals. Identification of unknown materials using crystalline powder diffractometry. Structure factors and electron density function. Data collection and processing. Preliminary phase identification and improvement of crystalline structures.