EXERCISE INDUCED NEUROMUSCULAR ADAPTATIONS

Course Information
TitleΝΕΥΡΟΜΥΪΚΕΣ ΠΡΟΣΑΡΜΟΓΕΣ ΚΑΙ ΕΛΕΓΧΟΣ ΤΗΣ ΠΡΟΠΟΝΗΣΗΣ / EXERCISE INDUCED NEUROMUSCULAR ADAPTATIONS
Code004
FacultyPhysical Education and Sport Science
SchoolPhysical Education and Sport Science (Serres)
Cycle / Level2nd / Postgraduate
Teaching PeriodWinter/Spring
CommonNo
StatusActive
Course ID260000514

Programme of Study: KINESIOLOGY

Registered students: 26
OrientationAttendance TypeSemesterYearECTS
KORMOSCompulsory Course118

Programme of Study: PPS Kinesiology (2012-σήμερα)

Registered students: 3
OrientationAttendance TypeSemesterYearECTS
CoreCompulsory Course118

Programme of Study: PPS Kinesiology (2011-2012)

Registered students: 0
OrientationAttendance TypeSemesterYearECTS
CoreCompulsory Course118

Programme of Study: PPS Kinesiology (2005-2007)

Registered students: 0
OrientationAttendance TypeSemesterYearECTS
CoreCompulsory Course218

Class Information
Academic Year2018 – 2019
Class PeriodWinter
Faculty Instructors
Weekly Hours3
Class ID
600134481
Type of the Course
  • Scientific Area
Course Category
Specific Foundation / Core
Mode of Delivery
  • Face to face
Digital Course Content
Erasmus
The course is also offered to exchange programme students.
Language of Instruction
  • Greek (Instruction, Examination)
  • English (Instruction, Examination)
  • French (Instruction, Examination)
  • Italian (Instruction, Examination)
Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this course the student will be able to: 1. Understand the structure and function of the nervous and muscular system 2. Identify central and peripheral adaptations after exercise intervention (training session, long-term adaptations, warm-up, etc) 3. Be aware of the specificities of different ages (childhood, elderly) 4. Know the methods used to assess the function of the neuromuscular system 5. To design appropriate protocols and to apply these methods, for example recording, process and presents electromyographic data 6. Present methods and research findings in poster-teaser 2 minute form
General Competences
  • Retrieve, analyse and synthesise data and information, with the use of necessary technologies
  • Make decisions
  • Work in teams
  • Work in an interdisciplinary team
  • Generate new research ideas
  • Design and manage projects
  • Be critical and self-critical
  • Advance free, creative and causative thinking
Course Content (Syllabus)
1. Principles of muscle mechanics Basic knowledge of neuroanatomy and muscle mechanics. Contents: Motor unit structure, characteristics, recruiting order (Henneman principle). Types of muscular action. Force - Velocity and force - length relationship of the skeletal muscle. 2. Neuromechanical basis of kinesiology The role of motor neurons and sensory receptors. Contents: The alpha motor neurons. The muscle spindle, Golgi tendon organs and the other sensory receptors. 3. Mechanism of musclular contraction Analysis of the chemical process of Stimulus and the mechanical effect of stimulation. Contents: The role of calcium. The sliding of myofilaments and the excitability of the cell membrane,. The neuromuscular junction. 4. Muscle Activation - Electromyography Description of the muscular activation and the factors affecting it. Contents: Recordings by surface or intramuscular electrodes. Signal processing. EMG to muscular tension, neuromuscular efficiency. 5. Muscle modeling and elastic energy Familiarisation with muscle modeling Contents: The model of three components. Contractile component, elastic component in series, parallel elastic component. Storage and re-utilisation of the elastic energy. 6. Muscle stiffness, stretching and force variability Quantifying stifness, stretching effects and stability training Contents: Increasing the stiffnes of musculotendinous complex after eccentric exercise. The effects of passive stretching. Isometric stability, dynamic accuracy and relevance of the sports movement. 7. Muscle fiber architecture Analysis of mechanical performance with respect to the pennation angle Contents: Pennation angle of fast and slow muscle fibers. Ultrasound to identifying the pennation angle. The effects of training. 8. Co-activation of the antagonists and tension-regulating mechanism Understanding the function of motor neurons into agonist and antagonist muscles during maximal and submaximal contraction Contents: The role of the Golgi tendon organs and muscle spindle in the control of muscle integrity and protection of the joint. 9. Spinal reflexes Learning the afferent pathways of the reflexes and the effects on muscle activation Contents: H-reflex and M-wave. Reflexes of trained and untrained muscles. The feedback from kinesthetic receptors. 10. Fatigue Analysis of central and peripheral fatigue - evaluation indicators Contents: Changes in EMG during fatigue. Neuromuscular transmitters. The concept of over-fatigue. 11. Static and dynamic balance Posture and gait analysis. Parameters influencing the balance. Contents: Upright posture. Balance strategies. Rate of force development. Κinaesthesia. 12. Aging and neuromuscular adaptations of training to the elderly. Training effects in the elderly Contents: Strength training and neural adaptations. Force variability and tremor. Death of motor units and its impact on motion variability. 13. Neuromuscular electrostimulation Purpose: Involuntary muscle function and contraction with electrical stimulators. Contents: The reversal of the principle of recruitment of motor units. Monoarticular isometric strength training with neuromuscular electrostimulation.
Keywords
Neuromechanics, motor unit, force-velocity, force-length, muscle spindle, Golgi, EMG, elastic energy, stiffness, force variability, pennation angle, coactivation, spinal reflexes, fatigue, aging, balance, nmes
Educational Material Types
  • Notes
  • Slide presentations
  • Book
Use of Information and Communication Technologies
Use of ICT
  • Use of ICT in Course Teaching
  • Use of ICT in Communication with Students
Course Organization
ActivitiesWorkloadECTSIndividualTeamworkErasmus
Lectures39
Reading Assigment89
Written assigments78
Exams2
Total208
Student Assessment
Description
A. Final written examination (60%): 1. multiple choice test, 2. short answer questions, 3. extended response questions B. Preparation and presentation of group work: 25% C. Individual quizzes: 15% (3)
Student Assessment methods
  • Written Exam with Multiple Choice Questions (Summative)
  • Written Exam with Short Answer Questions (Summative)
  • Written Exam with Extended Answer Questions (Summative)
  • Oral Exams (Summative)
  • Performance / Staging (Summative)
Bibliography
Additional bibliography for study
1. Principles of neural sciences, KANDEL ER, SCHWARTZ JH, JESSELL TM (μετάφραση Νευροεπιστήμη και συμπεριφορά, 2008), Εκδόσεις Πανεπιστήμιο Κρήτης. 2. Neurmechanical basis of kinesiology, ENOKA RM. (μετάφραση: Αρχές εμβιομηχανικής και φυσιολογίας της κίνησης, 2007), Εκδόσεις Πασχαλίδης. 3. Brunnstrom's κλινική κινησιολογία, L. SMITH, E. W. LEHMKUHL 4. Μύες, νεύρα και κίνηση, Β. TYLDESLEY -Συναφή επιστημονικά περιοδικά: 1. Journal of Applied Physiology 2. European Journal of Applied Physiology 3. Journal of Neurophysiology 4. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology 5. Journal of Biomechanics.
Last Update
10-02-2018