BIOTECHNOLOGY OF MEDICINAL PLANTS

Course Information
TitleΒΙΟΤΕΧΝΟΛΟΓΙΑ ΦΑΡΜΑΚΕΥΤΙΚΩΝ ΦΥΤΩΝ (Ε) / BIOTECHNOLOGY OF MEDICINAL PLANTS
CodeΝΠ43
FacultyHealth Sciences
SchoolPharmacy
Cycle / Level1st / Undergraduate
Teaching PeriodSpring
CommonNo
StatusActive
Course ID180000284

Programme of Study: Programme of Studies 2008-

Registered students: 5
OrientationAttendance TypeSemesterYearECTS
CoreElective Courses844

Class Information
Academic Year2018 – 2019
Class PeriodSpring
Faculty Instructors
Weekly Hours4
Class ID
600137849
Type of the Course
  • Background
  • Scientific Area
Course Category
Specific Foundation / Core
Mode of Delivery
  • Face to face
Digital Course Content
Language of Instruction
  • Greek (Instruction, Examination)
Learning Outcomes
The aim is the students’ introduction to the rapidly increasing field of «Biotechnology of Pharmaceutical Plants». During the 7th semester course (Pharmaceutical Biotechnology), the students have obtained general knowledge, the basic principles, technologies, and applications of molecular biotechnology. At the present course, students will have the ability to learn about the importance of secondary metabolism in the production of plant substances with pharmaceutical action, the biosynthetic pathways that lead to the biosynthesis of these substances, the modern experimental approaches of molecular biotechnology that lead to gene isolation, cloning and genetic modification. Finally, the lectures will cover the latest findings of molecular biotechnology in producing plant substances with pharmaceutical action, using the plants as factories that produce pharmaceutical substances and food. Skills: Familiarizing with the techniques and approaches that are used in molecular plant biotechnology in order to exploit natural products.
General Competences
  • Apply knowledge in practice
  • Retrieve, analyse and synthesise data and information, with the use of necessary technologies
  • Adapt to new situations
  • Make decisions
  • Work autonomously
  • Work in teams
  • Work in an international context
  • Work in an interdisciplinary team
  • Generate new research ideas
  • Design and manage projects
  • Respect natural environment
Course Content (Syllabus)
Primary metabolites Secondary metabolites Regulation of biosynthesis and metabolism of natural products Regulation mechanism of biosynthesis (stable expression, induced expression) at gene level, protein level, substance level In relation to function Developmentally regulated or Induced by external or internal stimuli e.g. salicylic or jasmonic acid Regulation at enzyme level (feed-back, allosteric interaction, availability of co-factor, phosphorylation) Regulation at the level of Compartmentalisation (transport by diffusion or active transport) Biosynthesis of natural products Biosynthesis and oxidation of ascorbic acid Biosynthesis of terpenes Biosynthesis of phenylpropanoids Biosynthesis of alkaloids Approach and methodology of increase of the production of active substances of certain drugs Metabolic engineering Strategies of metabolic engineering in plants Metabolic engineering of secondary metabolites biosynthetic pathways Differential modulation of multigene family Bifurcation and connection of different pathways Catabolism of desirable components Compartmentalization of plant cell-membrane transporters Transport of components differs in various plant systems Potentials and challenges in metabolic engineering of transport proteins Existence of more than one limiting steps in biosynthesis rate (Rate-Limiting Steps) Toxicity, reduced resistance in infective factors-plant viability Factors-viability of plant Feedback inhibitions Potentials in the field of metabolic engineering of plants Multipoint Metabolic Engineering Regulatory genes-transcription factors Cooperation of metabolic engineering with combinatorial biochemistry Down-regulation of genes Functional genomics Development of technology and bioinformatics Metabolic engineering in new metabolic pathways and combinatorial biosynthesis Functional genomics or genomic analysis Applications of functional genomics in pharmaceutical and aromatic plants Tissue culture of plants (totipotency, somaclonal variability, re-birth) In vitro rebirth of pharmaceutical plants Genetically engineered pharmaceutical plants Genetic engineering Protocols Production of homozygote plants and control-selection of genetic transformation Applications of genetic engineering in pharmaceutical and aromatic plants Production of secondary metabolites and biopharmaceutical substances Production of hairy roots Applications for the production of biopharmaceutical substances Molecular farming, molecular medical farming (vaccines and edible vaccines, antibodies, proteins etc.) Bioethics and genetically transformed plants and food
Keywords
Molecular Biotechnology of Plants, Transgenic organisms, Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
Educational Material Types
  • Slide presentations
  • Book
Course Organization
ActivitiesWorkloadECTSIndividualTeamworkErasmus
Lectures30
Seminars2
Reading Assigment3
Field trips and participation in conferences / seminars / activities7
Written assigments7
Total49
Student Assessment
Description
Written exam
Student Assessment methods
  • Written Exam with Short Answer Questions (Formative, Summative)
  • Written Exam with Extended Answer Questions (Formative, Summative)
  • Written Assignment (Summative)
  • Performance / Staging (Formative, Summative)
  • Written Exam with Problem Solving (Summative)
Bibliography
Course Bibliography (Eudoxus)
Βιοτεχνολογία Φυτών, Πολυδεύκης Χατζόπουλος, Εκδόσεις ΕΜΒΡΥΟ, 2001
Last Update
21-01-2020