Cellular adaptations to exercise. Introduce the basic cellular functions at rest and during exercise and the adaptations to the cells' function in response to different modes of training. The student will study how the adaptations on cell structure and function interact with the cardiovascular functions. In addition, the cellular functions that lead to hypertrophy and atrophy, as well as novel scientific findings on the field of cellular exercise physiology will be presented to the student. At the end of the course, the student will be able to explain how exercise can result in the adaptations in the cell's function in athletes, in individuals from the general population and in individuals with chronic diseases.
Course Content (Syllabus)
Cellular function at rest, during exercise, and recovery - Cellular transport mechanisms and the role of water - Muscle cell: types, fiber isoforms, metabolism and adaptations to different types of training - Neurotransmitters, cell's energy and calcium homeostasis - Assessment of functional characteristics of the cell - Production of metabolites in response to exercise and interactions with the cardiovascular and autonomic system - Glusoge homeostasis and metabolic disturbances - Exercise and lipid oxidation - Exercise and protein sythesis - Protein supplements - Exercise and cardiomyocyte adaptations in hypertrophy and atrophy - Alterations in cellular function following nutritional supplements and doping. doping.
cell, exercise, metabolism, contractility, cellular hypertrophy, atrophy
Course Bibliography (Eudoxus)
1. Φυσιολογία της Άσκησης και του Αθλητισμού, Wilmore J., Costill D. ISBN: 9789604892914, Εκδότης): BROKEN HILL PUBLISHERS LTD
2. Β. Μούγιος: Βιοχημεία της άσκησης, ΕΚΔΟΣΕΙΣ ΠΑΣΧΑΛΙΔΗΣ, 2007
3. Κυτταρική ΦυσιολογίαM.P. BLAUSTEIN, J.P.Y. KAO, D.R. MATTESON Εκδόσεις ΠΑΡΙΣΙΑΝΟΥ ΑΝΩΝΥΜΗ ΕΚΔΟΤΙΚΗ ΕΙΣΑΓΩΓΙΚΗ ΕΜΠΟΡΙΚΗ ΕΤΑΙΡΙΑ ΕΠΙΣΤΗΜΟΝΙΚΩΝ ΒΙΒΛΙΩΝ