Course Content (Syllabus)
The Early Italian Renaissance (14th-15th century) is represented by Giotto and Simone Martini. The new anthropocentric conception of nature and history and the study of antiquity are found in the works of artists Donatello, Masaccio, Brunellesci, Beato Angelico, Leon Battista Alberti, Filippo Lippi, Piero della Francesca, Sandro Botticelli, Andrea Mantegna, Antonello. The Venetian artists who followed the early Renaissance are Giovanni Bellini and Vittore Carpaccio. The Classical Renaissance (15th-16th centuries) is represented by artists Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Raffaello who worked in Florence and Rome, with the care of the great Maikenes. Indicative is the Neoplatonic philosophy of the Medici environment and its influence on art. Artists Giorgione and Tiziano are mentioned as representatives of the Venice school. The currents of Christian art and the most important artists of the Renaissance, the historical political, theological and social issues that shaped the evolution of the fine arts are examined and the causes of the artistic phenomenon are investigated.
The aim of the course is to complete and enrich the students' studies with the knowledge of Christian art that accompanied them, with mutual influences, literature and theology of the West. At the same time, an attempt is made to approach more general issues of art, aesthetics, terminology and its theories.