Students are expected to:
Understand the meaning of architecture and the built environment in general, as well as the meaning of space and its perception in different eras
Expand their humanitarian education
Understand and appreciate the monuments of the past, distant and most recent, and become aware of architectural heritage issues
Understand the relationship between architecture and the visual and applied arts
Practice observing and interpreting the bulit environment and improve their expressive skills in their artistic field
Gain didactic and pedagogical competence
Get to know and learn the architectural achievements from prehistory to the end of antiquity.
Course Content (Syllabus)
1. Introduction to History of Architecture and Theory of Space.
2. The beginnings. Neolithic architecture in Europe and the Mediterranean
Architecture in Egypt, Archaic and Old kingdom tombs. Middle and New Kingdom burial chambers. Mortuary and New Kingdom temples. Secular architecture.
3. Architecture in Egypt, Archaic and Old kingdom tombs Middle and New Kingdom burial chambers. Mortuary and New Kingdom temples. Secular architecture.
4. Architecture in ancient Near East. Mesopotamia, Ancient Israel, Achaemenian and Sassanian Persia, Hittites.
5. Architecture in Crete and Mycenae.
6. Architecture in Greece and its colonies in the archaic period. The Doric Order. Description and interpretation. The Doric temples in Greece and Southern Italy.
7. The Ionic Order. Ionic temples in Greece and Ionia. The construction of the temples. The optical refinements.
8. The Acropolis in Athens and its 5th century monuments. The Parthenon, the Erechtheum, the Propylea and the temple of Athena Nike.
9. The 4th century. The Corinthian Order. Hellenistic trends.
10. Civic architecture in Greece. Theatres, bouleuteria, sanctuaries, choragic monuments. The importance of public space: Agora and its buildings. City planning: the Hippodamian scheme. Residential architecture.
11. The Etruscans and the Roman civilization. The Roman structural revolution. The impact of Greek architecture. Bridges, aqueducts, theatres, amphitheatres, arenas, circuses, baths, temples.
12. City planning. The Roman forum and the political life. Cities and urban life: houses, villas and palaces
13. The foundation of Thessaloniki. Architecture and city planning during the Hellenistic and roman era. Visit of the Roman Forum, the Galerian complex and the Archaeological Museum.
Egypt, Mesopotamia, Crete, Mycenae, classical architecture, Roman architecture
Additional bibliography for study
J. Gympel (μετάφραση Α. Χατζηανδρέου), Ιστορία της Αρχιτεκτονικής. Από την αρχαιότητα έως σήμερα, εκδ. Κöneman, 2006, σ. 6-13.
W. Müller-Wiener (μετάφραση Μ. Σμίτ-Δούνα), Η αρχιτεκτονική στην Αρχαία Ελλάδα, Θεσσαλονίκη, 1995.
R. Furneau-Jordan (μετάφραση Δ. Ηλίας), Ιστορία της Αρχιτεκτονικής, Αθήνα, 1981, 9-93.
E. Gombrich (μετάφραση Λ. Κάσδαγλη), Το χρονικό της τέχνης, Αθήνα, 1998