Relation between forest opening-up and transport of wood
Study of the environmental impact from the opening-up, restoration and absorption of the environmental impacts from the forest ecosystem.
Methods for the calculation the optimum road density and design of the detail forest opening-up.
Students are being familiar with the phases of skidding and logging in long distances of wood.
Design of a completed plan that will include the necessary means of opening-up (basic, detailed) and the appropriate means of wood skidding and transport of wood.
Course Content (Syllabus)
General principles, definition, possibilities, means, kinds and methods of forest opening up. Factors affecting forest opening up (technical, economic, ecological-environmental and social). Basic principles of planning and selection forest opening up operations, terrain classification. Optimum opening up and calculations of road density, road distance, percentage of opening up and skidding distance. Planning and study of forest opening up employing roads and other installations. Interactions between road opening
up and wood logging. Study, design and construction of road network. Definition, objectives and purpose of forest road networks and contribution to the development and utilization of the mountainous and forest lands. Views about planning of forest road networks and contribution to the development and utilization of mountainous and forest lands. Views about planning of forest road networks, related factors, interactions with forestry intensity, definition of wood skidding and transport limits, characterization and classification of forest roads. Data for forest roads study at various soil morphology types, effects of forest road network construction and methods of economic analysis and evaluation of forest road networks. Purpose and types of wood transport. Principles, means, methods and systems of skidding and long distance transport of wood. Modern machinery for skidding and wood transport (terrestrial, aerial and water transport). Skidding and wood transport by tractors (simple and articulated). Operation principles of cable logging systems. Mobile yarders, installation and operation procedures.