Upon successful completion of the course, students will have familiarized themselves:
- with the application of geoarchaeological methods and micromorphology at archaeological sites and their broader environment,
- with principles of archaeological stratigraphy,
- with dating methods,
- with the application of all the above in interdisciplinary approaches to archaeological questions.
Course Content (Syllabus)
The seminar explores the contribution of interdisciplinary approaches to the interpretation of archaeological data. Natural sciences, geology in particular, provide research tools that contribute significantly to a historical and anthropological approach of human civilization.
In an attempt to cover the multifaceted nature of archaeological research, the seminar lectures will deal with the following subjects:
- Site-formation, preservation and visibility of archaeological sites (natural and archaeological sediments through the lens of geoarchaeology and micromorphology)
- Stratigraphy (principals of archaeological stratigraphy)
- Dating methods (relative and absolute chrononology)
- Ancient environments (coasts, rivers, lakes)
- Contribution of special analyses to the study of artefacts (e.g. pottery: petrographic and chemical analyses)
The seminar is based on lectures and study of selected bibliography. The course is offered to a limited number of students. Assessment consists of the bibliographic preparation and brief presentation of a specific subject in the course of the semester and a final written examination.
interdisciplinarity, archaeological science, geoarchaeology, stratigraphy, dating
Additional bibliography for study
- Butzer, K.W. 1982. Archaeology as Human Ecology: method and theory for a contextual approach. Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press.
- Goldberg P., Macphail R.I. 2006. Practical and theoretical Geoarchaeology, Blackwell Publishing
- Karkanas P., Goldberg P. 2018. Reconstructing archaeological sites: understanding the geoarchaeological matrix. Wiley Blackwell, p.296
- Karkanas P. 2013. Cave Sediment Studies In Greece: A Contextual Approach To The Archaeological Record. In: F.Mavridis, J. T. Jensen, Stable Places and Changing Perceptions: Cave Archaeology in Greece, BAR International Series 2558, pp.
- Karkanas P. 2006. Late Neolithic household activities in marginal areas: the micromorphological evidence from the Kouveleiki caves, Peloponnese, Greece. Journal of Archaeological Science 33, 1628-1641
- Karkanas P. 2002. Micromorphological Studies of Greek Prehistoric Sites: New Insights in the Interpretation of the Archaeological Record. Geoarchaeology, 17 (3), 237–259
- Rapp G., Hill, C.L 1998. Geoarchaeology. The Earth-Science approach to archaeological intepretation. Yale University Press, New Haven and London
- Tourloukis V., Karkanas P. 2012. Geoarchaeology in Greece: A Review. In: E. Skourtsos and G. S. Lister (Eds.), The Geology of Greece, 2012. Journal of the Virtual Explorer, Electronic Edition, ISSN 1441-8142, volume 42, paper 4