Students familiarize themselves with bioarchaeological remains, their potential and limitations in addressing archaeological questions. Students acquire basic knowledge in retrieval techniques in the field and are trained for sorting archaeobotanical and other bioarchaeological remains.
Course Content (Syllabus)
The course examines the contribution of archaeobotanical and zooarchaeological remains towards the investigation of prehistoric societies. Methodological issues on and off-field (sampling, sample processing, quantification, interpretation of the data) are considered. Through the examination of plant and animal remains incorporated in the archaeological deposits as a result of human daily activities, this course attempts an approach of prehistoric food production, storage and consumption, plant and animal use in relation to settlement space and surrounding environment. The course involves laboratory sessions on both plant and animal remains.
The course is organized as follows:
- Environment and archaeology. The discipline of Environmental archaeology: materials and aims. Introduction to Bioarchaeology.
- Archaeobotany and Zooarchaeology the two main elements constituting the subject of bioarchaeology. Types of bioarchaeological remains and archaeological research questions addressed.
- Preservation of bioarchaeological remains in the archaeological sediments.
- Sampling methodology and recovery techniques for bioarcheological remains in the field and the laboratory.
- Macro and micro-botanical remains: the basics of identification and data processing. Laboratory in archaeobotany.
- Macro and micro-botanical remains: environment, vegetation, domestication, cultivation, storage, diet.
- Zooarchaeology: presentation of faunal remains. Laboratory in zooarchaeology.
- Zooarchaeology methods and research questions addressed via the zooarchaeological record.
Bioarchaeology, Archaeozoology, Archaeobotany, methodology
Additional bibliography for study
Ενδεικτικά παρατίθενται κάποιες βιβλιογραφικές παραπομπές.
1. Halstead, P. 1996. The development of agriculture and pastoralism in Greece: when, how, who and what? Στο D.R. Harris (εκδ.) 1996. The Origins and Spread of Agriculture and Pastoralism in Eurasia. London, University College Press. 297-309.
2. Hansen, J. 1992. Franchthi cave and the beginnings of agriculture in Greece and the Aegean. Prehistoire de l’Agriculture: Nouvelles Approches Experimentales et Ethnographiques. Monographie du CRA n.6. Paris, Editions CNRS. 231-247.
3. Andreou, S. and Kotsakis, Κ. 1994. Prehistoric rural communities in perspective: the Langadas survey project. Στο P. N. Doukelis και L. G. Mendoni (εκδ..) Structures Rurales et Sociétés Antiques, 17-25. Paris, Annales Litteraires de l’Université de Besançon.
4. Athanasiadis, A. and Gerasimidis, N. 1995. Woodland history of northern Greece from the mid Holocene to recent time based on evidence from peat pollen profiles. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 4, 109-116.
5. Valamoti, S. M. 2004. Plants and People in Neolithic and Early Bronze Age northern Greece. B.A.R. 1258, Oxford.
6. Megaloudi, F. 2006. Plants and Diet in Greece from Neolithic to Classical Periods. B.A.R. , Oxford.