At the end of this course, the students will be able to:
To distinguish the atmospheric general circulation (zonal and meridional flow, westerlies and trade winds). Students will learn about the formation mechanism of thermal winds, katabatic winds, Fohn winds, Monsoons, Etesian and Livas Greek winds
To distinguish the Permanent and Semi-Permanent Highs and Lows, especially the Highs and Lows that are located at the Northern Hemisphere. Their impact on global and regional climate (Europe and Mediterranean).
To distinguish and categorize the air masses, teleconnection patterns and the weather types/circulation types.
To evaluate the impact of climate on Human activities (Urban climatology, Health, Tourism)
To evaluate the impact of climate on environment (Agriculture Climatology, Forest Climatology and Ancient Monuments)
Course Content (Syllabus)
Atmospheric General Circulation: Introduction (Pressure Gradient – Thermal gradient – winds). zonal and meridional flow, westerlies and trade winds, Hadley cell, Ferrel and Polar cells. Polar Frond and Jetstreams. Thermal winds, katabatic winds, Fohn winds, Monsoons, Regional winds: Etesian and Libas Greek winds (Exercises)
High- and low-pressure systems: Permanent Highs and Lows in North and South Hemisphere; Non-permanent Highs and Lows in North and South Hemisphere. The Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) (Exercises on analysis of Meteorological and climatological maps).
Air Masses: Categories of air masses based on the source region (Arctic, Polar, Tropical and Equatorial), their moisture and thermal properties (Exercises on the classification of air masses using data of weather balloon)
Teleconnection patterns: Description – Characteristics of the most well-known teleconnection Ptterns (El nino, NAO, etc) their impacts on the European Climate.
Weather Types and Circulation Types: Classification and description of weather and Circulation types.
Applied Climatology: The impact of Climate on human beings and environment
Urban Climatology: Thermal heat island, topoclimatology of urban regions
Agricultural Climatology, climate and plants, phototropism, optimum plant temperatures.
Forest Climatology, the impact of climate on fire forest, Alarm climate Fire forest Indices.
Dynamic Climatology, Atmospheric General Circulation, Air masses, Teleconnection patterns, Weather/circulation patterns, Applied Climatology, Urban Climatology, Agricultural and Forest Climatology