Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks

Course Information
TitleΙΖΗΜΑΤΑ ΚΑΙ ΙΖΗΜΑΤΟΓΕΝΗ ΠΕΤΡΩΜΑΤΑ / Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks
CodeNGMO 304Y
Cycle / Level1st / Undergraduate
Teaching PeriodWinter
CoordinatorNikolaos Kantiranis
Course ID600019026

Programme of Study: PPS-Tmīma Geōlogías (2020-sīmera)

Registered students: 0
OrientationAttendance TypeSemesterYearECTS
KORMOSCompulsory Course327

Class Information
Academic Year2020 – 2021
Class PeriodWinter
Weekly Hours4
Class ID
Course Type 2011-2015
Specific Foundation / Core
Mode of Delivery
  • Face to face
Digital Course Content
The course is also offered to exchange programme students.
Language of Instruction
  • Greek (Instruction, Examination)
  • English (Instruction, Examination)
Learning Outcomes
1. Understand and describe the origin of sedimentary rocks and the sedimentary processes. 2. Understand and describe the texture of the sedimentary rocks and its statistical parameters. 3. Understand and describe the components of the clastic sediments. 4. Understand and describe the petrographic types of the sedimentary rocks. In particular, the clastic, chemical and biogenic rocks.
General Competences
  • Apply knowledge in practice
  • Retrieve, analyse and synthesise data and information, with the use of necessary technologies
  • Work autonomously
  • Work in teams
  • Work in an interdisciplinary team
  • Design and manage projects
  • Respect natural environment
  • Advance free, creative and causative thinking
Course Content (Syllabus)
1. Origin of sedimentary rocks and sedimentation processes Sedimentation rates and factors affect their rate. Processes of sedimentary rocks origin (physical, chemical, biological) and sediments genesis (weathering-transportation-deposition-diagenesis). Weathering factors, weathering and climate, weathering and clay minerals. Forms of diagenesis, late diagenesis transplantation and anchimetamorphosis. 2. Texture of the sedimentary rocks and statistical parameters Texture of the sedimentary rocks. Clastic sediments texture. Carbonate rocks texture. Statistical parameters. Textural maturity. Mineralogical maturity. Orientation. Porosity-Permeability. 3. Components of clastic sediments Quartz, feldspars, rock or mineral fragments, heavy minerals, zeolites, chain silicates, organic matter and other constituents. Cement materials. Mineral and rock alterations and transformations. Chemical composition of sedimentary rocks. 4. Petrographic types of sedimentary rocks 4.1. Clastic sediments: Conglomerate and Breccia. Sandstones: Diagenesis, classification, petrographic types. Mudstones: Components, classification, petrographic types, sedimentary rocks rich in iron. Clays: Diagenesis and petrographic types. Residual weathering rocks: Laterites and bauxites. Soil: Components, textural classes and soil genesis. Flysch - Molasse. Volcanoclastic sediments and zeolitic sedimentary rocks. Clastic sedimentary rocks of Greece. 4.2. Chemical and Biological Sediments: Evaporites. Carbonate sediments: Carbonaceous sedimentation, mineral components, carbonate mud, sand and formations, diagenesis and classification and petrographic types of carbonate sediments. Silica sediments. Phosphorites. Carbonaceous sediments. Chemical and biogenic sedimentary rocks of Greece.
Sediments, sedimentary rocks, petrographic types, components, texture
Educational Material Types
  • Notes
  • Multimedia
  • Book
Use of Information and Communication Technologies
Use of ICT
  • Use of ICT in Course Teaching
  • Use of ICT in Laboratory Teaching
  • Use of ICT in Communication with Students
  • Use of ICT in Student Assessment
1) All class material is available in electronic form to all students through the course web page 2) The teacher communicates with students through email and Facebook 3) The class evaluation is performed through the Quality Assurance Unit (MO.DI.P.)
Course Organization
Laboratory Work52
Reading Assigment29
Student Assessment
Quality management system of the Quality Assurance Unit (MO.DI.P.)
Student Assessment methods
  • Written Exam with Multiple Choice Questions (Formative, Summative)
  • Written Exam with Short Answer Questions (Formative, Summative)
  • Written Exam with Extended Answer Questions (Formative, Summative)
  • Oral Exams (Formative, Summative)
  • Written Exam with Problem Solving (Formative, Summative)
  • Labortatory Assignment (Formative, Summative)
Course Bibliography (Eudoxus)
1. Ιζηματογενή Πετρώματα, Ανανίας Τσιραμπίδης, Εκδοτικός οίκος Γιαχούδη, Θεσσαλονίκη, 317 σελ., 2008. ISBN: 978-960-6700-22-4 2. Ιζηματολογία, Αν. Ψιλοβίκος και Αρ. Ψιλοβίκος, Εκδόσεις Τζιόλα, Θεσσαλονίκη, 512 σελ., 2019. ISBN-13: 978-960-418-374-6
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