Depositional Environments and Stratigraphy

Course Information
TitleΣΤΡΩΜΑΤΟΓΡΑΦΙΑ ΚΑΙ ΑΠΟΘΕΤΙΚΑ ΠΕΡΙΒΑΛΛΟΝΤΑ / Depositional Environments and Stratigraphy
CodeNGGG 502Y
Cycle / Level1st / Undergraduate
Teaching PeriodWinter
Course ID600019036

Programme of Study: PPS-Tmīma Geōlogías (2020-sīmera)

Registered students: 0
OrientationAttendance TypeSemesterYearECTS
KORMOSCompulsory Course537

Class Information
Academic Year2020 – 2021
Class PeriodWinter
Weekly Hours4
Class ID
Course Type 2011-2015
Specific Foundation / Core
Mode of Delivery
  • Face to face
Language of Instruction
  • Greek (Instruction, Examination)
  • English (Instruction, Examination)
General Prerequisites
Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks, Introduction to Palaeontology
Learning Outcomes
1. To understand the mechanisms of transportation and deposition of sediments in a sedimentary basin in terrestrial, coastal and marine environments under different climatic conditions (glacial, temperate, tropical and arid). 2. To understand how these processes settle sediments at different scales (from granules to layers, to groups, to phases and eventually to basin level). 3. To understand the architectural structure of this arrangement in three dimensions and their temporal evolution along with the tectonic evolution of the basin (Stratigraphy). 4. To acquire skills in stratigraphic reconnaissance – description – recording of sedimentary rocks and successions (in the lab and field) as well as in the evaluation, correlation and synthesis of all stratigraphic and depositional data in order to solve geological paleoenvironmental and paleoclimatic problems either individually or collectively. 5. To be able to infer process from observed product to predict where those processes and/or products have occurred in the past in the subsurface and/or will occur in the future at the surface. 6. Τo be able to draw connections between sedimentary environments and stratigraphy with other subdisciplines of the Earth Sciences, or with other scientific disciplines in general (esp. Archaeology) and everyday life in human society in a sustainable manner.
General Competences
  • Apply knowledge in practice
  • Retrieve, analyse and synthesise data and information, with the use of necessary technologies
  • Work autonomously
  • Work in teams
  • Respect natural environment
  • Advance free, creative and causative thinking
Course Content (Syllabus)
•History of Stratigraphy. Interrelation between Sedimentology and Stratigraphy. •The concept of Accommodation Space. Base Level changes as driving force to the transport and deposition of sediments. Causes of Accommodation Space and Base Level change (Geotectonic, Isostatic, Climatic – Milankovich Cysles). •Sediment transport and depositional processes in humid and temperate environments [Alluvial fans, river deposits, lake deposits, deltaic and coastal deposits, mass flows, turbidites, contourites, carbonate sediments, red clays, Radiolarites]. •Sediment transport and depositional processes in arid environments [wadis, playas, dunes, Sabha zones, evaporites, carbonate sediments - coral reefs]. •Sediment transport and depositional processes in glacial environments [Ice cover sediments, alpine glacier sediments, river - lake and wind-blown sediments of glacial environments, Tilites, Loess, glacial sediments of Continental shelf and deep sea, dropstones]. •Facies Analysis [Lithofacies, Biofacies]. Paleo-environmental indicators, interpretation of past depositional environments. •Basic principles and Characteristics of sedimentary rocks: bedding – Bed, sedimentary Layers, sedimentary Contacts, Conformities – Unconformities, Types of Unconformities. •Laws - Principles of Stratigraphy (Superposition, Original Horizontality, Lateral Continuity, Cross-Cutting Relationship, Fossil Faunas Succession, Actualism). •Criteria for Identifying original place of Layered rocks (Upper-lower surface of a bed, Organic markers-Inorganic Structures, Indicators of original Horizontality). •Lithostratigraphy (Lithostratigraphic profiles, Description and recording of a field section and a borehole core, Lithostratigraphic Correlation, Lithostratigraphic Column, Examples). •Biostratigraphy (Stratigraphy and Fossils - Index Fossils, Biostratigraphic Units - Biozone Types, Biostratigraphic Correlation, Examples). •Chronostratigraphy - Geochronology (Relative and absolute dating methods, Geological time scale, subdivisions and Units, Examples). •Other stratigraphic methods (Magnetic stratigraphy, Seismic stratigraphy, Isotopic and chemical stratigraphy, Wire loggings, examples). •Filling of Accommodation Space (spatial and temporal, dimension geometry of depositional structures, General Concepts of Sequence Stratigraphy and Basin Analysis.
Stratigraphy, Accommodation Space, Depositional Environments, Facies, Stratigraphic Units, Stratigraphic Correlation
Educational Material Types
  • Notes
  • Multimedia
Use of Information and Communication Technologies
Use of ICT
  • Use of ICT in Course Teaching
  • Use of ICT in Laboratory Teaching
  • Use of ICT in Communication with Students
  • Use of ICT in Student Assessment
1) All class material is available in electronic form to all students through the course web page 2) The teacher communicates with students through email and Facebook 3) The class evaluation is performed through the Quality Assurance Unit (MO.DI.P.)
Course Organization
Laboratory Work65
Reading Assigment9
Written assigments5
Student Assessment
Quality management system of the Quality Assurance Unit (MO.DI.P.)
Student Assessment methods
  • Written Exam with Multiple Choice Questions (Summative)
  • Written Exam with Short Answer Questions (Summative)
  • Written Exam with Extended Answer Questions (Summative)
  • Oral Exams (Summative)
  • Report (Formative)
Course Bibliography (Eudoxus)
• Κουφός Γ. (1985) Μαθήματα Στρωματογραφίας (μέρος 1ο . σελίδες 1- 103, κεφάλαια: A. Εισαγωγή. B. Νόμοι στρωματογραφίας, Στρώση - Στρώματα. C. Στρωματογραφικές μέθοδοι. D. Φάσεις. E. Στρωματογραφική έρευνα) • Ψιλοβίκος Αντ. και Ψιλοβίκος Αρ. (2019) Ιζηματολογία (Τα Κεφάλια: Μηχανισμοί Μεταφοράς και Απόθεσης των Ιζημάτων, Δομή των Ιζημάτων, Ιζηματογενή Αποθετικά Περιβάλλοντα και Μοντέλα Ιζηματογένεσης). Εκδόσεις Τζιόλα. • E-learning: Σημειώσεις - παρουσιάσεις - Διευκρινιστικά έντυπα και βιβλιογραφία για περαιτέρω εμβάθυνση στο:
Additional bibliography for study
• Gary Nichols (2009) Sedimentology and Stratigraphy [Chapters: 19 (STRATIGRAPHY: CONCEPTS AND LITHOSTRATIGRAPHY), 20 (BIOSTRATIGRAPHY), 21 (DATING AND CORRELATION TECHNIQUES), 22 (SUBSURFACE STRATIGRAPHY AND SEDIMENTOLOGY)]. • NORTH AMERICAN STRATIGRAPHIC CODE 2005 (AAPG Bulletin, v. 89, no. 11 November 2005) • Allen P. and Allen J. (2013) Basin Analysis: Principles and Application to Petroleum Play Assessment [PART 3: The sedimentary basin-fill: CHAPTER 7: The sediment routing system, CHAPTER 7: Basin Stratigraphy, CHAPTER 8: Subsidence history]. Willey- Blackwell.
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