General Climatology – Introduction to Paleoclimatology

Course Information
TitleΚΛΙΜΑΤΟΛΟΓΙΑ ΜΕ ΣΤΟΙΧΕΙΑ ΠΑΛΑΙΟΚΛΙΜΑΤΟΛΟΓΙΑΣ / General Climatology – Introduction to Paleoclimatology
CodeNGMC 402Y
Cycle / Level1st / Undergraduate
Teaching PeriodSpring
CoordinatorKonstantia Tolika
Course ID600019029

Programme of Study: PPS-Tmīma Geōlogías (2020-sīmera)

Registered students: 0
OrientationAttendance TypeSemesterYearECTS
KORMOSCompulsory Course425

Class Information
Academic Year2020 – 2021
Class PeriodSpring
Weekly Hours4
Class ID
Course Type 2016-2020
  • General Knowledge
Course Type 2011-2015
Specific Foundation / Core
Mode of Delivery
  • Face to face
Digital Course Content
The course is also offered to exchange programme students.
Language of Instruction
  • Greek (Instruction, Examination)
  • English (Instruction, Examination)
Learning Outcomes
1. Understanding of the main factors that contribute to the characteristics of the climatic parameters. 2. Learning and understating the climates on a global and regional scale. 3. Learning and application of the most widely used climatic classifications 4. Understanding and learning the prevailing characteristics of the climate and climate changes of the past.
General Competences
  • Apply knowledge in practice
  • Retrieve, analyse and synthesise data and information, with the use of necessary technologies
Course Content (Syllabus)
Introduction: Weather and Climate, Objectives and climatology sectors, Climate factors. Solar Radiation: Solar Energy, Energy and transportation, Atmosphere and soil interactions, Energy Balance, Solar duration. Temperature: Temperature parameters, Temperature earth distribution, Temperature distribution over the Mediterranean and Greek region, Solar and water Temperatures. Precipitation: Spatial distribution of Clouds and precipitation, physical factors of the precipitation distribution, daily and annual rainfall distribution, Geographical distribution of rainfall. General Atmospheric Circulation: Winds, Local winds, horizontal pressure distribution, horizontal pressure distribution, air masses, classification, main atmospheric systems. Climate description: Analysis and geographical distributions of the climates on a global scale, Different climatic areas and climates over the planet, Climatic classifications. Paleoclimatology: Geological centuries and climate evolution, Proxy data for climate reconstruction, dating methods, The main physical causes for climate change (continent movements, volcanos, Milankovitch circles, solar activity). Laboratory exercises outline: • Educational exercises and labs on the statistical analysis of temperature time-series –An introduction to the basic climatic statistical methods. • Educational exercises and labs on the study and interpretation of temperature series on different time – scales. • Educational exercises and labs aiming on the study of the spatial distribution of temperatures. • Educational exercises and labs under the goal of introducing to the students how to use observational data from the meteorological station of the Department – Use of the Observations. • Educational exercises on spotting and understating the differences on the behavior and characteristics of air and soil temperatures • Educational exercises on introducing the philosophy under the climatic classifications – An application of the Gorzinsky Classification. • Educational exercises on the analysis of precipitation data (intensity, daily, monthly and annual totals) – Use of climatic rainfall maps. • Educational exercises on the classification of different areas according to the annual precipitation distribution. • Educational exercises on the definition of the dry and wet periods using Gaussen diagrams and climograms. • Educational exercises on the climatic classification of different stations using the Köppen classification. Meteorological data archives for the description of the climates according to the Köppen classification.
Weather and Climate, Solar Radiation, Air temperature, Soil temperature, Water temperature, Precipitation, Geographical distributions, General atmospheric circulation, Climate description and characteristics, Climatic classifications, Climate evolution, Paleoclimatology, Climate Change
Educational Material Types
  • Notes
  • Slide presentations
  • Book
Use of Information and Communication Technologies
Use of ICT
  • Use of ICT in Course Teaching
  • Use of ICT in Communication with Students
1) All class material is available in electronic form to all students through the course web page 2) The teacher communicates with students through email and Facebook
Course Organization
Laboratory Work31
Student Assessment
Quality management system of the Quality Assurance Unit (MO.DI.P.)
Student Assessment methods
  • Written Exam with Multiple Choice Questions (Formative)
  • Written Exam with Short Answer Questions (Formative)
  • Written Exam with Extended Answer Questions (Formative)
Course Bibliography (Eudoxus)
Μαθήματα μετεωρολογίας και κλιματολογίας, Κωδικός Βιβλίου στον Εύδοξο: 11083, Έκδοση: 2η έκδ./1997, Συγγραφείς: Φλόκας Απόστολος Α., ISBN: 960-431-288-Χ, Τύπος: Σύγγραμμα Διαθέτης (Εκδότης): Ζήτη Πελαγία & Σια Ο.Ε. ΜΑΘΗΜΑΤΑ ΓΕΝΙΚΗΣ ΚΛΙΜΑΤΟΛΟΓΙΑΣ ΜΕ ΣΤΟΙΧΕΙΑ ΒΙΟΚΛΙΜΑΤΟΛΟΓΙΑΣ, Κωδικός Βιβλίου στον Εύδοξο: 8770, Έκδοση: 1/1984, Συγγραφείς: ΜΠΑΛΑΦΟΥΤΗΣ Χ., ΜΑΧΑΙΡΑΣ Π., Τύπος: Σύγγραμμα, Διαθέτης (Εκδότης): Σ. Γιαχούδης & ΣIA O.E ΚΛΙΜΑΤΙΚΕΣ ΑΛΛΑΓΕΣ, Σημειώσεις, Αριστοτέλειο Πανεπιστήμιο Θεσσαλονίκης, Έκδοση, Τμήμα Εκδόσεων, 2009-2010, Συγγραφέας: ΚΩΝΣΤΑΝΤΙΑ ΤΟΛΙΚΑ, Τύπος: Σημειώσεις.
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