1. Understand the main geological-tectonic structures of the earth's crust, as well as their kinematic and dynamic development (plastic and fracture structures).
2. Knowledge of tectonic evolution in the geological time of the Earth's lithosphere.
3. Knowledge of the function and characteristic stages of development of the orogenic process (development and destruction of a orogenic)
4. Knowledge of the major geological changes that have occurred in the geological time of the Earth's lithosphere.
5. Knowledge of the characteristic criteria for identifying active (recent) tectonics in the orogenic.
Course Content (Syllabus)
• Introduction το Structural Geology
• Tectonic and atectonic structures
• Orogenesis and continent formation
• Structure of Earth’s crust and fundamental principles of the plate tectonics theory
• Rock deformation: strain ellipsoid, deformation types.
• Tectonic structures: brittle tectonics (brittle deformation structures, stress field), ductile tectonics (folds, schistosity).
• Tectonic lineaments.
• Kinematic analysis.
• Texture analysis: rose diagrams and stereographic projections.
• Experimental structural geology.
• Applications of structural geology.
• Introduction to quantitative structural geology
• Strike and dip direction rose diagrams
• Orthographic projections of surfaces and lineaments
• Densification of data in Schmidt networks
• Solving of geological problems
• Use of new technology in structural geology
• Structural modelling
Ductile and brittle tectonics, folds, faults, schistosity, tectonic lineaments