Through the course, students are expected to:
Learn the basic metabolic pathways, leading to synthesis and degradation of major macromolecules (proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids).
Understand how metabolic pathways are regulated and how they interact.
Associate biochemistry with pathogenetic mechanisms and the mode of action of therapeutics.
Course Content (Syllabus)
Carbohydrate metabolism (organic chemistry important carbohydrates, dietary carbohydrate utilization, glycolysis, alcoholic fermentation, phosphoric pentose pathway hydrolytic and phosphorolytic glyconeogenesis polysaccharides degradation, photosynthesis, biosynthesis di-and polysaccharides) – metabolism of lipids (lipids, organic chemistry major dietary lipids utilization, b, a and z-oxidations, fatty acids, triglycerides biosynthesis, phosphoglycerides, sphingolipids, isoprenoids and ketobodies lipids) – Biosynthesis and degradation acids, Nucleic purines and pyrimidines. Metabolism and biosynthesis of amino acids – Organic nitrogen urea Cycle.
Metabolic role of nucleic acids, Biosynthesis of proteins – metabolism of inorganic compounds (water-permeable, active permeability, Acid-basic balance – dietary requirements in minerals) – Vitamins (liposoluble vitamins, biochemistry optical excitation, blood coagulation, water-soluble vitamins and their role as co-enzymes) – Hormones the role of cyclic AMP receptors, amino acid derivatives, steroid hormones, prostaglandins herbal hormones.