With the successful completion of the lectures the students will be able to:
-Specify basic aspects of the formative period of Islam (8th-10th century)
-Analyze the development processes of Islamic theology, philosophy and law
-Identify historically the various schools of thought, currents and movements of thought
-Realize the basic theological issues about God and the world and to their political interpretations
Course Content (Syllabus)
During the formative period of Islam (8th-10th century) there is a process of seeking and overcoming the obsession of the "science of Islamic law" to the immobile law of God. Various factions are formed, currents of thought and schools -Sunnites, Shiites, Qadarites, Mutazilites, Ibadis, and other-, which are debating on the basic theological issues about God and the world. In this way reason is put at the service of faith, and a space of encounter between religion and philosophy is created, but also a space of competition between human speech and divine revelation. Students are asked to learn and understand the struggle between human discourse and faith, religion and philosophy that is observed in the religious and philosophical sphere, and which extends to the field of politics. This interplay and dialectic of Muslim theology and thought will be explored in a historical and systematic way.
Islam, formative period, islamic trends of thought, theology, philosophy, law, politics
Course Bibliography (Eudoxus)
Αγγ. Ζιάκα, Το Καλάμ και τα ισλαμικά ρεύματα σκέψης, Eταιρεία α-ξιοποίησης και διαχείρισης περιουσίας Πανεπιστημίου Μακεδονίας, εκδ. Πανεπιστημίου Μακεδονίας, Θεσσαλονίκη 2016.
Additional bibliography for study
Garth Fowden, Before and after Muḥammad: The First Millennium refocused (Princeton University Press, Princeton 2014)
Garth Fowden, Abraham or Aristotle? First Millennium empires and exegetical traditions. An Inaugural Lecture by the Sultan Qaboos Professor of Abrahamic Faiths given in the University of Cambridge, 4 December 2013 (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2015)
Montgomery Watt, The Formative Period of Islamic Thought (Oneworld Publications, 1998)