Rome: History, Politics, Porajmos

Course Information
TitleΡομά: Ιστορία, Πολιτική, Ποράιμος / Rome: History, Politics, Porajmos
FacultyEconomic and Political Sciences
SchoolPolitical Sciences
Cycle / Level1st / Undergraduate
Teaching PeriodSpring
CoordinatorSpyros Marchetos
Course ID600014974

Programme of Study: UPS School of Political Sciences (2014-today)

Registered students: 131
OrientationAttendance TypeSemesterYearECTS
CoreElective CoursesSpring-4

Class Information
Academic Year2020 – 2021
Class PeriodSpring
Faculty Instructors
Weekly Hours3
Class ID
Course Type 2011-2015
Specific Foundation / Core
Mode of Delivery
  • Face to face
Digital Course Content
The course is also offered to exchange programme students.
Language of Instruction
  • Greek (Instruction, Examination)
  • English (Examination)
  • French (Examination)
  • Italian (Examination)
General Prerequisites
No special prerequisites, beyond critical thought and the expected interest in politics, economics, and Roma history and life.
Learning Outcomes
On successfully completing this course, non-Romani students will have a rudimentary but historically informed knowledge of the history, the culture, and the current life of the diasporic Romani people. You will have a basic knowledge of the scientific field of Romani Studies, and of its main theories. You will have learnt important facts about the constitution of the Romani people during its journey from Northern India and its spread around our continent. Also, about the persecution the Roma suffered in Western and Northern Europe, and their five centuries of enslavement in present-day Romania. You will know how to demystify racist stereotypes and other stereotypical ideas developed about the Romani people by its neighbours in Europe, from eleventh century Byzantium to our own days. Also, about the development of antiromanism and its culmination in the Porrajmos during WW2. Finally, you will know about the Romani efforts for political organisation and representation in Greece and Europe, about the worsening of the problems they face during the last decades and especialy during the present syndemic, and about the fundamental dilemmas of their struggle for justice and amelioration of their social position.
General Competences
  • Apply knowledge in practice
  • Retrieve, analyse and synthesise data and information, with the use of necessary technologies
  • Adapt to new situations
  • Make decisions
  • Work autonomously
  • Work in teams
  • Work in an international context
  • Work in an interdisciplinary team
  • Generate new research ideas
  • Appreciate diversity and multiculturality
  • Respect natural environment
  • Demonstrate social, professional and ethical commitment and sensitivity to gender issues
  • Be critical and self-critical
  • Advance free, creative and causative thinking
Course Content (Syllabus)
Lesson I. The basic notions of our course. Roma, Romani language, Porrajmos, slavery, diasporic peoples. Capitalist world-system and capitalist mode of production. Modern state, and interstate system. Debt, ideology, patriarchy. Political Left and Right. Nationalism and national movements. Imperialism and colonialism. Racism and Orientalism. Conservatism, Liberalism, Radicalism. Lesson IΙ. Basic terms and facts: The journey of the Roma from India to Byzantium and to slavery, 11th-19th centuries. A people in the periphery of European nations. Economic integration, basic facts about the Romani language, culture, religion, and material civilisation. Lesson IIΙ. Landmarks of Romani Studies, 18th to 21st centuries. Lesson ΙV. Antiromanism and Counter-revolution in Europe, 1789-2020. Economic and political aspects. The Porrajmos. Lesson V. The journey of the Roma in Greece, from the birth of the Greek state to their acquisition of citizenship during the Metapolitefsi. Lesson VI. Roma political mobilization, from the Interwar to our days. Greek and European Romani organisations. The European Union and the Roma: promises and realities. Lesson VΙΙ. The Roma in Greece today: an overview. Lesson VIII. The Roma in Europe today: where and how do they live. How do they face the current syndemic. Lesson IX. Roma, universality and capitalism. What do the Roma offer to the companion peoples. Lesson X. Sexual discrimination in Romani communities in Greece and Europe. Lesson XI. Roma political mobilisation in Greece and Europe: perspectives and proposals. Lesson XΙΙ. Proposals and perspectives on exiting the crisis. Lesson XΙΙΙ. Recapitulation.
Roma, Romani language, Romani Studies, Porrajmos, Slavery, Diasporic peoples, Roma economic integration, Romani culture, Romani religion, Romani material culture, Antiromani stereotypes, Antiromanism, Covid-19, Romani political mobilization, Greek Roma organisations, European Roma organisations, Capitalist World-system, Capitalist Mode of Production, Capitalism, Patriarchy, Economic crisis, Universality, Humanitarian crisis, Democracy, Oligarchy, Empire, Ideology, Counter-Revolution, Greece, Asia Minor, Romania, Balkans, Europe, European Union, Debt, Expropriatory accumulation, Sex, Social class, Race, Nation, Fascism, Extreme Right, Left, Right, Social movements, Nationalism, Liberalism, Conservatism, Racism, Orientalism, Byzantium, Middle Ages, Enlightenment, Nineteenth century, Twentieth Century, Twenty-first century, Heinrich Grellmann, Ian Hancock, Elena Marushiakova, George Soulis,
Educational Material Types
  • Multimedia
  • Book
Use of Information and Communication Technologies
Use of ICT
  • Use of ICT in Course Teaching
Course Organization
Reading Assigment692.5
Written assigments
Student Assessment
Examinations are taken in writing, in Greek or in English. They include two separate questions, which must all be answered in lengthy answers, requiring the use of historical judgment. Answers must be given in a clear logical structure, with articulated argumentation. They must combine relevant elements from the materials of our Course and the lectures attended, as well as from your general knowledge and your interaction with current affairs. They must show that you studied in depth the issues examined in this Course, exercising your judgment and avoiding the use of cliches, stereotypical expressions, or generalities. Essays marked with the grade 'excellent' show a critical spirit and are characterised by clarity and concision. A passing grade requires proven knowledge of the basic pragmatological elements of our Course. Essays not showing a serious study of the required texts fail.
Student Assessment methods
  • Written Exam with Extended Answer Questions (Summative)
Course Bibliography (Eudoxus)
Additional bibliography for study
Acton, Thomas, επιμ., 2000. Gypsy Politics and Traveller Identity. Hatfield: University of Hertfordshire Press. Acton, Thomas, επιμ., 2000. Scholarship and the Gypsy Struggle: Commitment in Romani Studies. Hatfield: University of Hertfordshire Press. Acton, Thomas, Gary Mundy, επιμ., 1997. Romani Culture and Gypsy Identity. Hatfield: University of Hertfordshire Press. Bakker, Peter, Hristo Kyuchukov, επιμ., 2000. What is the Romani Language? Hatfield: University of Hertfordshire Press. Interface Collection, Vol. 21.Baumann, Max P, ed, 2000. Music, Language and Literature of the Roma and Sinti. Berlin: VWB Verlag. Crowe, David, 1994. A History of the Gypsies of Eastern Europe and Russia. New York: St. Martin’s Press. Danbakli, Marielle, 2001. Roma, Gypsies: Texts Issued by International Institutions. Hatfield: University of Hertfordshire Press. Interface Collection, Vol. 5. Fings, Karola, Herbert Heuss, Frank Sparing, 1997. The Gypses during the Second World War. 1: From ‘Race Science’ to the Camps. Hatfield: University of Hertfordshire Press. Interface Collection, Vol. 12. Fraser, Angus, 1992. The Gypsies. Oxford: Blackwell. Glase, Robert S., 1998. Gypsies (Romanies) of the Sixteenth Century Ottoman Empire. Seminar Report: Portland State University. Grellmann, Heinrich M, 1783. Die Zigeuner. Ein historische Versuch liber die Lebensart und Verfafiung. Dessau and Leipzig. Αγγλόφωνη έκδοση 1807. Guy, Will, επιμ., 2001. Between Past and Future: The Roma of Central and Eastern Europe. Hatfield: University of Hertfordshire Press. Hancock, Ian, 1987. The Pariah Syndrome. Ann Arbor: Karoma. Το βιβλίο έχει εξαντληθεί, αλλά το κείμενό του είναι διαθέσιμο στον ιστότοπο του Patrin: Paris/512 l/patrin/htm. Hancock, Ian, 1996. A Handbook of Vlax Romani. Columbus: Slavica. Hancock, Ian, Siobhan Dowd Rajko Djuric, επιμ., 1998. The Roads of the Roma. Hatfield: University of Hertfordshire Press. Hancock, Ian, 1987. The Pariah Syndrome. Ann Arbor: Karoma. Hancock, Ian, 1992. “The roots of inequity: Romani cultural rights in their historical and social context”, Immigrants and Minorities, 11(1):1-20. Kenrick, Donald, 1998. Historical Dictionary of the Gypsies (Romanies). Lanham: The Scarecrow Press. Kenrick, Donald, επιμ., 1999. The Gypsies during the Second World War. 2: In the Shadow of the Swastika. Hatfield: University of Hertfordshire Press. Interface Collection, Vol. 13 Kenrick, Donald, Grattan Puxon, 1995. Gypsies Under the Swastika. Hatfield: University of Hertfordshire Press. Interface Collection, Vol. 8. Kochanowski, Vania de Gila, 1963. Gypsy Studies. Delhi: International Academy of Indian Culture. In two volumes. Lewy, Guenther, 2000. The Nazi Persecution of the Gypsies. Cambridge: The University Press. Liegeois, Jean-Pierre, 1988. Gypsies, an Illustrated History. London: Al-Saqi Books. Marushiakova, E., Herbert Heuss et al., 2001. Identity Formation among Minorities in the Balkans: The Cases of Roms, Egyptians and Ashkali in Kosovo. Sofia: Minority Studies Society. Marushiakova, Elena, Vesselin Popov, 1997. “The Romanies in the Balkans during the Ottoman Empire”, Roma, 47:63-72. Matras, Yaron, 2002. Romani: A Linguistic Introduction. Cambridge: The University Press. Milton, Sybil, 1992. “Nazi policies towards Roma and Sinti 1933-1945”, Journal of the Gypsy Lore Society; Fifth series, 2(1):1-18. Mirga, Andrzej, Nicolae Gheorghe, 1997. The Roma in the Twenty-First Century: A Policy Paper. Princeton: The Project on Ethnic Relations. Miiller-Hill, Benno, 1988. Murderous Science: Elimination by Scientific Selection of Jews, Gypsies and Others, 1933-1945. Oxford: The University Press. Rishi, Weer R, 1976. Roma: the Punjabi Emigrants in Europe, Central and Middle Asia, the USSR and the Americas. Patalia: The Patalia Press. Simson, Walter, 1865. A History of the Gipsies. London: Sampson, Lowe. Soulis, George C, 1961. “Gypsies in the Byzantine Empire and the Balkans in the late Middle Ages”, Dumbarton Oaks Papers, 15:142-165. Szente, Veronika, 2001. Racial Discrimination and Violence Against Roma in Europe. Budapest: European Roma Rights Centre. Statement submitted to the UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination. Tehbutt, Susan, επιμ., 1998. Sinti und Roma: Gypsies in German-speaking Society and Literature. New York and Oxford: Berghahn Books. Tong, Diane, 1989. Gypsy Folktales. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. Tong, Diane, 1995. Gypsies: A Multidisciplinary Annotated Bibliography. New York and London: Garland Publishers. Tong, Diane, επιμ., 1998. Gypsies: An Interdisciplinary Reader. New York and London: Garland Publishing. Weyrauch, Walter, επιμ., 2001. Gypsy Law: Romani Legal Traditions and Culture. Berkeley and London: University of California Press.
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