Upon the successful completion of the course the students will be able:
(1) to recognize, describe, analyze and compare the mosaics in relation to the theological, social and cultural context within which they were created.
(2) το be familiar with the technical issues of costruction and conservation of mosaics.
(3) to make use of their knowledge in theology and engage themselves in a dialogue with the history of art and civilization upon the aesthetic analysis and the visual expression of the art of mosaics.
Course Content (Syllabus)
The lesson is an approach to the art of mosaic that was spread by the ancient in the Byzantine world and used for centuries without interruption to decorate floors and walls of both private homes and church and secular buildings. The course discusses basic aspects and issues of mosaic art and technique and presents the main stages in their evolution over the centuries with emphasis on Late Antiquity and Byzantium. In addition, major Christian monuments with floor and wall mosaic decoration are being studied.
1. Introduction to Ancient Mosaic Art: Definition, Terminology, Technique and Manufacturing Process (Materials, Design and Voting) - Maintenance and restoration of mosaics.
2. Origin and evolution of mosaic floor art.
3. Mosaic flooring centers and voter workshop-workshops in Late Antiquity and early Byzantium: testimonies of written sources, mosaic inscriptions, and excavations.
4. Sponsors, commissioners and agenda of Late Antiquity and Early Christian mosaics.
5. Wall-mosaics of the Early Christian period in the West: Ravenna, Rome, Milan.
6. Wall-like mosaics of the Early Christian period in the East: Constantinople, Thessaloniki, Sinai, Cyprus.
7. Visit of the Early Christian Monuments of Thessaloniki with mosaic decoration: Rotontas, Saint David, Acheiropitheos, Agios Dimitrios.
8. Wall mosaics between 7th and 10th c.
9. Wall-like mosaics of the 11th and 12th centuries.
10. Wall mosaics of the Paleolithic period.
11. Visit of Agia Sophia and Agioi Apostoloi temples (Thessaloniki).
12. Visit to the Mosaic Conservation Laboratories at the Archaeological Museum and the Museum of Byzantine Culture (Thessaloniki).
13. Course overview - Presentation of assignments.
Byzantine mosaics, Floor mosaics, Wall mosaics, Mosaicists, Mosaic conservation
Course Bibliography (Eudoxus)
1) Π. ΑΣΗΜΑΚΟΠΟΥΛΟΥ-ΑΤΖΑΚΑ, Ψηφιδωτά δάπεδα. Προσέγγιση στην τέχνη του αρχαίου ψηφιδωτού: έξι & ένα κείμενα (β΄ έκδοση), εκδ. University Studio Press, Θεσσαλονίκη 2019.
2) Ε. ΚΟΥΡΚΟΥΤΙΔΟΥ-ΝΙΚΟΛΑΪΔΟΥ/Χ. ΜΑΥΡΟΠΟΥΛΟΥ-ΤΣΙΟΥΜΗ/Χ. ΜΠΑΚΙΡΤΖΗΣ, Ψηφιδωτά της Θεσσαλονίκης 4ος-14ος αιώνας, εκδ. Καπόν, Αθήνα 2010.