Through this course, students will:
- be introduced to Arabic and Scholastic Philosophy;
- become acquainted with Aristotle's metaphysics and its medieval reception;
- understand the fundamental differences between ancient, medieval and modern metaphysics.
Course Content (Syllabus)
Aristotle's Metaphysics was crucial for the content and meaning of the science of metaphysics as the supreme branch of philosophy during the Middle Ages and in modern (pre-Kantian) era. Although Arabic and Latin commentators, such as Al-Farabi, Avicenna, Averroes, Thomas Aquinas, John Duns Scotus, and Jean Buridan, agree on the unitary character of the Metaphysics ― an element that clearly distinguishes them from the Aristotelian scholars of the nineteenth and the twentieth century ―, they interpret Aristotle’s treatise in a different manner. At any rate, the distinction between the "subject" (mawḍū) of the treatise, i.e. the object explained by Aristotle, and "what is sought" (maṭlūb) in the treatise, i.e. what Aristotle tries to find by investigating the causes of the object, as well as the distinction between the being qua being (ens inquantum ens) and the transcendental properties of being (transcendentalia) were fundamental for medieval philosophers. During the course, we will explain both the common ground and the differences of interpretation in the above-mentioned commentators of the Metaphysics.
Aristotle, Arabic Philosophy, Medieval Philosophy, Metaphysics, Avicenna, Averroes, Thomas Aquinas
Course Bibliography (Eudoxus)
1) Franco Alessio, Ιστορία της μεσαιωνικής φιλοσοφίας, Αθήνα: Τραυλός, 2007.
2) De Lacy O’Leary, Πώς πέρασε η ελληνική γνώση στους Άραβες, Αθήνα: Εκάτη, 2010.
3) Christof Rapp, Εισαγωγή στον Αριστοτέλη, Αθήνα: Εκδόσεις Οκτώ, 2012.