Learning Outcomes
The students are introduced to the concept and meanings of the thermodynamics through the study of the perfect gas laws and the thermal engines. The study is extended to other physical systems, beyond the ideal gas. They learn the equilibrium conditions and are introduced to the modeling of physical problems.
Course Content (Syllabus)
Thermodynamics of perfect gas: System, surroundings,thermodynamic variables, equilibrium, processes.
Temperature and the zeroth law, temperature scales, thermometric properties.
Heat and the first law, heat capacities, heat measurement and tranfer. Perfect gas laws and processes. Real gas. Thermal engines.
Second law, Carnot cycle, entropy, Clausius inequality. Axiomatic introduction of the laws. Generalization.
Thermodynamic potentials, Legendre transformations, Maxwell realations. Applications to several physical systems.
Conditions for equilibrium, phase equilibrium, Clausius-Clapeyron equation.
The third law of Thermodynamics.
Course Bibliography (Eudoxus)
Θερμοδυναμική Συστημάτων σε Ισορροπία, C.J.Adkins Λεπτομέρειες
Θερμοδυναμική, Michael Μ. Αbbott, Hendrick C. Van Ness
ΘΕΡΜΟΤΗΤΑ ΚΑΙ ΘΕΡΜΟΔΥΝΑΜΙΚΗ, MARK W. ZEMANSKY, RICHARD M.DITTMAN
ΘΕΡΜΟΔΥΝΑΜΙΚΗ ΚΑΙ ΠΡΟΧΩΡΗΜΕΝΗ ΘΕΡΜΟΔΥΝΑΜΙΚΗ, Απόστολος Πολυζάκης