Students will be in a position to describe and contrast various properties of English and Greek sentences in terms of morpho-syntactic and morphological analysis. More particularly, they should be in a position to identify the constituent structure of basic sentence types, to evaluate their well-formedness, to argue for or against particular analyses and to recognize how language data through linguistic theory can describe and even explain differences between languages. They should be in a position to discuss issues of typological analysis and choices in the process of translation (from English to Greek and vice versa).
Course Content (Syllabus)
This is an advanced linguistics course, which presupposes knowledge of both Greek and English. The study of translation is restricted to the close study of specific grammatical properties of the two languages and the identification of translation equivalents in grammatical terms. At the theoretical level, a number of questions are raised depending on different versions of cross-linguistic comparability (contrasting recent views of typology, universals and parameterization). Descriptive questions will include specific morpho-syntactic features and phenomena, such as the notion ‘subject’ in English and Greek; word order differences; finite and non-finite forms; tense and aspect; mood and modality; the passive and related constructions; main and subordinate clause types. Students will be required to work with published papers on particular areas of the description and comparison of English and Greek and will be assessed through both theoretical questions and actual translations. The number of assignments and the exact type of assessment will depend on class size.
Additional bibliography for study
HOLTON, D., P. MACKRIDGE & I. PHILIPPAKI-WARBURTON. 1997. Greek: A Comprehensive Grammar of the Modern Language. London: Routledge.
JOSEPH, B. D. & I. PHILIPPAKI-WARBURTON. 1987. Modern Greek. London: Croom Helm.
KAKOURIOTIS, A. 1992. A Comparative Syntax of English and Modern Greek. Thessaloniki: Art of Text Publications.
MACKRIDGE, P. 1985. The Modern Greek Language: A Descriptive Analysis of Standard Modern Greek. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
SHOPEN, T. (ed.). 1985. Language Typology and Syntactic Description. Cambridge University Press.
SHOPEN, T. (ed.). 2007. Language Typology and Syntactic Description. 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press.