- To get acquainted with the basic concepts of Cognitive Linguistics
- To acquire the ability to apply theoretical tools for the study of areas of grammar within the given framework
- To acquire critical ability and to understand the usefulness of a grammar based on the cognitive framework
- To motivate independent research on specific issues
Course Content (Syllabus)
Cognitive grammar is a model of linguistic description which combines conceptual categories and processes of the mind with linguistic form. One of its basic tenets is that the grammar of a language, just like its lexicon, is meaningful. The meanings of grammatical categories are rooted in our conceptual system. Consequently, grammar is part of cognition and makes use of the same cognitive principles that govern all our cognitive processes such as perception and thought. Cognitive grammar accounts for both language structure and language use in an integrated fashion. Language structure reflects units and processes of the conceptual world; language use is determined by the grammatical structures available to the speaker on the one hand and his/her communicative needs and intentions on the other. In performing a communicative act, the speaker decides on the choice of the linguistic units necessary to realize his/her communicative intention and thus
constructs the linguistic expression. This process of construal is what makes grammar a cognitive achievement.
Additional bibliography for study
Geeraerts, D. (Ed.) 2006. Cognitive Linguistics: Basic Readings. Mouton de Gruyter.
Lakoff, G. 1987. Women, Fire, and Dangerous Things. What Categories Reveal about the Mind. The University of Chicago Press. Chicago and London.
Langacker, R. W. 1987. Foundations of Cognitive Grammar. Vol. I: Theoretical Prerequisites. Stanford CA: Stanford University Press.
Langacker, R. W. 1991. Foundations of Cognitive Grammar. Vol. II: Descriptive Application. Stanford CA: Stanford University Press.
Radden, G. & R. Dirven 2007. Cognitive English Grammar. J. Benjamins Publishing Company.
Ungerer, F. & H.-J. Schmid 2006. An Introduction to Cognitive Linguistics. London: Longman.