Students who attend the course are expected to
a. become familiar with the analytical categories of perception and identity as tools of historical research
b. comprehend the cultural encounters between the byzantine empire and the West, as well as similarities and diferrences in their historical evolution,
c. acquire in-depth knowledge in the research of medieval history, discussing critically the existing historiographical production and understanding the relation between historiography, present and past.
d. develop further their critical and synthetic abilities to produce a written essay with the use of sources and bibliography
e. become familiar with planning a research project
Course Content (Syllabus)
1st week: Introduction to the analytical categories of discourse, perception and identity
2nd week: Introduction to the analytical categories of discourse, perception and identity
3rd week: Crusades and crusading discourse (11th-13th c.)
4th week: Crusades and the construction of the byzantine and ottoman othernesses
5th week: Trade and Crusade: Latin dominions in the eastern Mediterranean
6th week: The crusading idea and the Union of the Churches. The role of humanism in the byzantine-western encounters
7th week: The crusade of Nicopolis (1396)
8th week: The travel of Manuel II Palaiologos to the West and the role of Manuel Chrysoloras
9th week: Ciriaco d'Ancona in Greece and Asia Minor and the crusade of Varna (1444)
10th week: The crusading idea and the image of the Byzantines and the Ottomans in the West (15th c.)
11th week: Byzantine scholars in the West: identities and othernesses
12th week: Discussion on the students' essays
13th week: Oral presentation of the essays
Medieval Europe, byzantine empire, crusades, crusading discourse, humanism, identities
Additional bibliography for study
Bisaha, Nancy. Creating East and West. Renaissance Humanists and the Ottoman Turks. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2004.
Carr, Mike. Merchant crusaders in the Aegean 1291-1352. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 2015
Jefferson, John. The Holy Wars of King Wladislas and Sultan Murad. The Ottoman-Christian Conflict from 1438-1444. Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2012.
Lammers, Han. Greece Reinvented. Transformations of Byzantine Hellenism in Renaissance Italy. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2016.
Maier, Christoph T. Crusade propaganda and ideology. Model sermons for the preaching of the cross. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
Ryder, Judith R. The Career and Writings of Demetrius Kydones. A study of fourteenth-century byzantine politics, religion and society. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2010.