Phonetics and phonology

Course Information
TitleΦΩΝΗΤΙΚΗ ΚΑΙ ΦΩΝΟΛΟΓΙΑ / Phonetics and phonology
Title in ItalianFonetica e fonologia
SchoolItalian Language and Literature
Cycle / Level1st / Undergraduate
Teaching PeriodWinter/Spring
Course ID600000750

Programme of Study: UPS School of Italian Language and Literature 2013

Registered students: 57
OrientationAttendance TypeSemesterYearECTS
Italian Language and LiteratureMandatory Elective Courses326

Class Information
Academic Year2021 – 2022
Class PeriodWinter
Faculty Instructors
Weekly Hours4
Total Hours52
Class ID
Course Type 2016-2020
  • Scientific Area
Course Type 2011-2015
Specific Foundation / Core
Mode of Delivery
  • Face to face
Digital Course Content
Language of Instruction
  • Greek (Instruction, Examination)
Learning Outcomes
Upon completion, students are expected to be able to: -to acquaint with the general principles and the methodological tools of phonetics, phonology and their branches -to deepen their knowledge as regards the relation between orthography and pronunciation -to acquaint with the articulatory features of linguistic sounds of Italian and Greek -to transcribe in International Phonetic Alphabet -to handle effectively the basic notions of phonological analysis (phoneme, allophon, variety, distribution etc). - to process and analyse a big range of phonological data - to recognize and analyse phonological phenomena with special emphasis on Italian and Modern Greek -to acquaint with the acoustic characteristics of sound and recognize waveforms and spectrographs -to deepen their knowledge on theoretical and methodological issues concerning the interface of Phonetics and Phonology with the other levels of linguistic analysis.
General Competences
  • Apply knowledge in practice
  • Retrieve, analyse and synthesise data and information, with the use of necessary technologies
  • Make decisions
  • Work autonomously
  • Work in teams
  • Work in an international context
  • Work in an interdisciplinary team
  • Appreciate diversity and multiculturality
  • Be critical and self-critical
  • Advance free, creative and causative thinking
Course Content (Syllabus)
The course provides a complete introduction to phonetics and phonology. Phonetics addresses the study of the sounds of human speech as physical entities, i.e. how they are produced, transmitted and perceived by the listener. Phonology studies the sounds of human speech as linguistic units, that is, how speakers of a language use sounds to differentiate the meaning of words. In particular, the main topics that are discussed-analyzed in the context of the lectures are the following: Introduction to the science of phonetics and phonology. • Acquaintance with language sounds; how they are produced and how they are perceived either as units of speech or as integral elements of continuous speech. • Acquaintance with the variety of linguistic sounds in the languages of the world • Relationship between orphography and pronunciation • Voice production system-voice mechanism • Description of the articulatory characteristics of the linguistic sounds (vowels-semivowels-consonants) of Italian and Modern Greek • Transcription of sounds based on the International Phonetic Alphabet (Emphasis on the sounds of Italian and Modern Greek). • Acquaintance with the basic concepts of phonological analysis (phoneme, allophone, variety, distribution, functional differentiation). • Examination of the basic phonological phenomena of Italian and Modern Greek. • Presentation and analysis of the acoustic characteristics of language sounds – reading waveforms and spectrographs. • Familiarization of students at the experimental level with the possibilities of recording and analyzing the speech signal.
Phonetics, phonolgy, articulatory phonetics, International Phonetic Alphabet
Educational Material Types
  • Notes
  • Slide presentations
  • Audio
  • Multimedia
  • Book
Use of Information and Communication Technologies
Use of ICT
  • Use of ICT in Course Teaching
  • Use of ICT in Communication with Students
-Lecture presentations using PowerPoint files and web sources / programs. -Posting of teaching materials at the Department’s e-learning. -Communication with students via e-mail and e-learning.
Course Organization
Reading Assigment100.4
Written assigments180.7
Student Assessment
Participation in classroom discussions. Papers/exercises, mid-term exam (optional). WRITTEN final exam (the exam covers all the topics of the course). Students must answer exercises (on linguistic theory and application of linguistic analysis) and in theory development questions. Evaluation criteria for the exercises/ linguistic applications are as follows: 1. Accuracy. 2. Correctness. For the theoretical questions the evaluation criteria are the following: 1. Accuracy and clarity. 2. Comprehensibility and avoidance of redundant information.
Student Assessment methods
  • Written Exam with Multiple Choice Questions (Formative, Summative)
  • Written Exam with Short Answer Questions (Formative, Summative)
  • Written Exam with Extended Answer Questions (Formative, Summative)
  • Written Assignment (Formative, Summative)
  • Oral Exams (Formative, Summative)
Course Bibliography (Eudoxus)
Nespor, Μ. (1999). Φωνολογία. (Προσαρμογή στην Ελληνική Γλώσσα, Α. Ράλλη και M. Nespor). Αθήνα: Πατάκης. Ladefoged, P. (2007). Εισαγωγή στη Φωνητική. Μετάφραση Μαρία Μπαλταζάνη. Αθήνα: Πατάκης.
Additional bibliography for study
Γενική ενδεικτική βιβλιογραφία Abercrombie, D. (1967). Elements of General Phonetics. Edinburgh University Press: Edinburgh. Ashby, M. & J. Maidment (2005). Introducing Phonetic Science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press Catford, J. C. (2001). A Practical Introduction to Phonetics. Oxford: OUP Clark, J. & P. Yallop (1995). An introduction to phonetics and phonology (2nd ed.). Oxford: Blackwell. Crystal, D. (1997). A dictionary of linguistics and phonetics. Oxford: Blackwell. Fromkin, V. Rodman, Ρ. & J. Hyams. (2008). Εισαγωγή στη μελέτη της γλώσσας. Μτφρ. Έλλη Βάζου, Γιώργος Ξυδόπουλος, Φανή Παπαδοπούλου, Αναστάσιος Τσαγγαλίδης. Επιμ. Γιώργος Ι. Ξυδόπουλος. Αθήνα:Πατάκης Hardcastle, W. J. & J. Laver (Eds.) (1997). The handbook of phonetic sciences. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers. Johnson, K. 2012. Acoustic and Auditory Phonetics. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell Ladefoged, P. (1993). A Course in Phonetics, New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovitch. Ladefoged, P. & I. Maddieson (1996). The Sounds of the World's Languages. Oxford: Blackwell. Ladefoged, P. & S. Disner (2012). Vowels and Consonants. Oxford:Wiley-Blackwell. Laver, J. (1994). Principles of Phonetics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Lyons J. (2002). Εισαγωγή στη γλωσσολογία. Αθήνα: Μεταίχμιο. Maddieson, I. (1984). Patterns of sounds. Cambridge studies in speech science and communication. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Maturi, P. (2014). I suoni delle lingue, i suoni dell'italiano. Nuova introduzione alla fonetica. Il Mulino. Savoia, L. (2014). Introduzione alla fonetica e alla fonologia. Zanichelli. Μικρός, Γ. (2005). Συγκριτική φωνητική και φωνολογία της Ισπανικής και της Νέας Ελληνικής γλώσσας. Αθήνα: LibrisTech. Mori, L. (2007). Fonetica dell'italiano L2. Un'indagine sperimentale sulla variazione nell'interlingua dei marocchini. Carocci. Nespor, Μ. (1999). Φωνολογία. (Προσαρμογή στην Ελληνική Γλώσσα, Α. Ράλλη και M. Nespor). Αθήνα: Πατάκης. Pisoni, D. B. & R. E. Remez (eds.) (2004). The handbook of speech perception. Oxford: Blackwell. Pike, K. L. (1943). Phonetics: A critical analysis of phonetic theory and a technic for the practical description of sounds. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. Roach, P. (2001). English Phonetics and Phonology: A Practical Course. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Rogers, H. (2000). The Sounds of Language: An Introduction to Phonetics. Harlow, Essex: Pearson. Savoia, L. (2014). Introduzione alla fonetica e alla fonologia. Zanichelli. Stevens, K. N. (1998). Acoustic phonetics. Current studies in linguistics (No. 30). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Ενδεικτικοί χρήσιμοι σύνδεσμοι Ενδεικτικές άλλες πηγές: Bybee, J. (2001), Phonology and language use, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press Canepari, L. (1979), Introduzione alla fonetica, Torino: Einaudi. Fernández Planas, A. M. & J. Carrera (2001), Prácticas de transcripción fonética en castellano, Barcelona: Salvatella. Gil, J. (2007). Fonética para profesores de español: De la teoría a la práctica. Madrid: Arco/Libros. Graffi, G. & S. Scalise, S. (2002), Le lingue e il linguaggio, Bologna: Il Mulino. Gussmann, E. (2001), Phonology: analysis and theory, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press Hidalgo, A. & M. Quilis Merín (2012), La voz del lenguaje: Fonética y fonología del español, València: Tirant Humanidades. Hualde, J. I. (2014). Los sonidos del español, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Ladefoged, P. (2007), Εισαγωγή στη φωνητική, Αθήνα: Πατάκης Ladefoged, P. (2007), Εισαγωγή στη φωνητική, Αθήνα: Πατάκης Μικρός, Γ. (2005), Συγκριτική φωνητική και φωνολογία της Ισπανικής και της Νέας Ελληνικής Γλώσσας, Αθήνα: Libris-Tech. Mioni, A.M. (2001), Elementi di fonetica, Padova: Unipress Μποτίνης, A. (2011), Φωνητική της Ελληνικής, Αθήνα: ISEL editions Nespor, M. (1999), Φωνολογία, Αθήνα: Πατάκης Πετεινού, K. & A. Οκαλίδου (2010), Θεωρητικά και κλινικά θέματα φωνητικής και φωνολογίας. Αθήνα: Επιφανίου Ηλίας Quilis, A. (2003). Principios de fonética y fonología españolas, Madrid: Arco/Libros. Ρεβυθιάδου, A. & M. Τζακώστα (2007), Η φωνολογία στη διδασκαλία της ελληνικής ως ξένης γλώσσας, Αθήνα: Πατάκης Schiller N. & A. Meyer (2003), Phonetics and phonology in language comprehension and production: Differences and similarities, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Schmid, S. (1999), Fonetica e fonologia dell’italiano, Torino: Paravia.
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