Language,Logic and History in Philosophy of Sciences

Course Information
TitleΓλώσσα, λογική και ιστορία στη φιλοσοφία των Επιστημών / Language,Logic and History in Philosophy of Sciences
SchoolPhilosophy and Education
Cycle / Level1st / Undergraduate
Teaching PeriodSpring
CoordinatorDimitrios Athanasakis
Course ID600018159

Programme of Study: UPS School of Philosophy and Education (2011-today)

Registered students: 57
OrientationAttendance TypeSemesterYearECTS
CoreElective CoursesWinter/Spring-6
PhilosophyElected Compulsory DirectionalWinter/Spring-6

Class Information
Academic Year2021 – 2022
Class PeriodSpring
Faculty Instructors
Weekly Hours3
Total Hours39
Class ID
Course Type 2016-2020
  • Scientific Area
Course Type 2011-2015
Specific Foundation / Core
Mode of Delivery
  • Face to face
Digital Course Content
The course is also offered to exchange programme students.
Language of Instruction
  • Greek (Instruction, Examination)
  • English (Examination)
  • French (Examination)
Learning Outcomes
Upon completion of the course, students will be able to identify, understand and distinguish the basic theories of the Philosophy of Sciences and the fundamental philosophical concepts and positions through which science and the scientific method are philosophically approached.
General Competences
  • Apply knowledge in practice
  • Retrieve, analyse and synthesise data and information, with the use of necessary technologies
  • Adapt to new situations
  • Make decisions
  • Work autonomously
  • Work in teams
  • Work in an international context
  • Work in an interdisciplinary team
  • Generate new research ideas
  • Design and manage projects
  • Appreciate diversity and multiculturality
  • Respect natural environment
  • Demonstrate social, professional and ethical commitment and sensitivity to gender issues
  • Be critical and self-critical
  • Advance free, creative and causative thinking
Course Content (Syllabus)
The course focuses on exploring the differences between linguistic, logical and historical approaches to the Philosophy of Sciences. The lectures are organized based on the following thematic sections: 1 / The concept of Philosophy of Sciences. Distinction between Philosophy of Science, Philosophy of Science and Epistemology. 2 / The philosophical foundation and elaboration of the scientific method from the early Modernity (Copernicus, Galileo, Descartes) to the Newtonian composition (Mathematical principles of natural philosophy). 3 / The emergence of the Philosophy of Science as a special branch of knowledge in the 19th century (Auguste Comte). 4 / The development of an empirical "philosophy of science" by the Vienna Circle and the attempt to turn philosophy into "applied logic". The criterion of meaning and the "linguistic turn". The distinction between science and metaphysics. Theoretical problems, the crisis and the transcendence of Logical Positivism. 5 / The criterion for distinguishing between science and "pseudoscience" in Popper's epistemology. 6 / Scientific knowledge as a result of competitive "scientific research programs" (Lakatos). 7 / The radical challenge of the scientific method and the concept of "Paradigm". The historical and sociological approach to science and scientific truth (Feyerabend, Kuhn). 8 / The development of a "continental" Philosophy of Sciences, which forges its categories in connection with the historical development of scientific thought and scientific work (Koyré, Bachelard, Canguilhem). 9 / Assessment of the role and importance of philosophical reflection and philosophical concepts in modern and contemporary scientific thought.
Philosophy of Science, Scientific Method, Logical Positivism, Linguistic Turn, Logic, Meaning, Induction, Verification, History of Science, Paradigm, French Epistemology
Educational Material Types
  • Notes
  • Multimedia
  • Book
Use of Information and Communication Technologies
Use of ICT
  • Use of ICT in Course Teaching
  • Use of ICT in Communication with Students
Communication via the Internet. Posting digital educational material in the E-Learning of the course.
Course Organization
Reading Assigment662.6
Written assigments421.7
Student Assessment
Final written examination (except for the exceptions provided by law). Optional written research paper.
Student Assessment methods
  • Written Exam with Extended Answer Questions (Formative, Summative)
  • Written Assignment (Formative, Summative)
  • Oral Exams (Formative, Summative)
Course Bibliography (Eudoxus)
1. Dominique Lecourt, Η Φιλοσοφία των Επιστημών, μετάφραση - πρόλογος - επιστημονική επιμέλεια Δ. Αθανασάκης, Αθήνα: Σιδέρης (Κωδικός βιβλίου στον Εύδοξο: 86199275). 2. Σταυρούλα Τσινόρεμα, Γλώσσα και κριτική. Ο Wittgenstein για το νόημα, τη γνώση, τις αξίες, Αθήνα: Liberal Books, 2014 (Κωδικός βιβλίου στον Εύδοξο: 50659194).
Additional bibliography for study
Bowler P. J., Morus I. R., Η ιστορία της Νεότερης Επιστήμης. Μια επισκόπηση, μτφρ. Β. Σπυροπούλου, επιστ. επιμ. Θ. Αραμπατζής, Φ. Παπανελοπούλου, Ηράκλειο, Π.Ε.Κ., 2014. Butterfield H., Η καταγωγή της σύγχρονης επιστήμης (1300-1800), μτφρ. Ι Αρζόγλου, Α. Χριστοδουλίδης, Αθήνα, Μ.Ι.Ε.Τ., 2010. Cohen B. I., Η γέννηση μιας νέας φυσικής, μτφρ. Μ. Καρτσωνάκης, επιμ. Ν. Αποστολόπουλος, Ι. Παπαδόγγονας, Ηράκλειο, Π.Ε.Κ., 2017. Gillispie C. C., Στην κόψη της αλήθειας: η εξέλιξη των επιστημονικών ιδεών από τον Γαλιλαίο ως τον Einstein, μτφρ. Δ. Κούρτοβικ, Αθήνα, Μ.Ι.Ε.Τ., 1986. Grant E., Οι φυσικές επιστήμες τον Μεσαίωνα, μτφρ. Ζ. Σαρίκας, επιστ. επιμ. Β. Κάλφας, Π. Δήτσας, Ηράκλειο, Π.Ε.Κ., 2013. Hankins T., Επιστήμη και Διαφωτισμός, μτφρ. Γ. Γκουνταρούλης, επιστ. επιμ. Κ. Γαβρόγλου, Ηράκλειο, Π.Ε.Κ., 1998. Κοϋρέ Α., Από τον κλειστό κόσμο στο άπειρο σύμπαν, Αθήνα, Ευρύαλος, 1989. Kraft V., Ο Κύκλος της Βιέννης και η γένεση του Νεοθετικισμού (Σλικ, Βιτγκενστάιν, Κάρναπ, Πόππερ), μτφρ. Γ. Μανακού, Αθήνα, Γνώση, 1986. Kuhn T. S., Η δομή των επιστημονικών επαναστάσεων, μτφρ. Γ. Γεωργακόπουλος, Β. Κάλφας, εισαγωγή - επιμέλεια, Β. Κάλφας, Θεσσαλονίκη, Σύγχρονα Θέματα, 1981· 2η έκδ., 1987. Ladyman J., Τι είναι η Φιλοσοφία της Επιστήμης, μτφρ. Γ. Μαραγκός, Ηράκλειο, Π.Ε.Κ., 2015. Lloyd G. E. R., Αρχαία ελληνική επιστήμη, μτφρ. Π. Καρλέτσα, επιστ. επιμ. Γιάννης Χριστιανίδης, Ηράκλειο, Π.Ε.Κ., 2014. Macherey P., Κοντ: Η φιλοσοφία και οι επιστήμες, μτφρ. Δ. Αθανασάκης, Αθήνα, Πατάκης, 2002. ―, Από τον Κανγκιλέμ στον Φουκώ. Η δύναμη των κανόνων, μτφρ. Τ. Μπέτζελος, Αθήνα, Πλέθρον, 2010. Μπαλτάς Α., Στεργιόπουλος Κ. (επιμ. - εισαγ.), Φιλοσοφία και επιστήμες στον εικοστό αιώνα, Ηράκλειο, Π.Ε.Κ., 2013. Στείρης Γ., Φιλοσοφία και Κόσμος. Κοσμολογικές αντιλήψεις κατά τους Μέσους Χρόνους και την Αναγέννηση, Αθήνα, Καρδαμίτσας, 2010. Westfall R. S., Η συγκρότηση της σύγχρονης επιστήμης. Μηχανισμοί και μηχανικοί, μτφρ. Κ. Ζήση, Ηράκλειο, Π.Ε.Κ., 2013. Laugier S., Wagner P. (dir.), Philosophie des sciences, Paris, Vrin, 2004, 2 vol. (Vol. I: Expériences, théories et méthodes. Vol. II: Naturalismes et réalismes). Wagner P. (dir.), Les philosophes et la science, Paris, Gallimard, 2002.
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