Course Information
SchoolHistory and Archaeology
Cycle / Level1st / Undergraduate, 2nd / Postgraduate
Teaching PeriodWinter/Spring
Course ID280007446

Class Information
Academic Year2021 – 2022
Class PeriodSpring
Faculty Instructors
Weekly Hours3
Total Hours39
Class ID
Course Type 2016-2020
  • Scientific Area
Course Type 2011-2015
Specific Foundation / Core
Mode of Delivery
  • Distance learning
Digital Course Content
The course is also offered to exchange programme students.
Language of Instruction
  • Greek (Instruction, Examination)
  • English (Examination)
Required Courses
General Prerequisites
Students are advised to take this course after having attended and successfully passed the Introductory Course to Ancient Greek History (HAN 101).
Learning Outcomes
Students become familiarized with the transformation of the Archaic World and the transition to the Classical Period. They understand the evolution and significance of the civic institutions as well as the emergence of civic identity and political thinking. They understand the characteristic historical profile of the Archaic and Classical times and are able to discuss and interpret sources related to these periods.
General Competences
  • Demonstrate social, professional and ethical commitment and sensitivity to gender issues
  • Be critical and self-critical
  • Advance free, creative and causative thinking
Course Content (Syllabus)
Week #1 Main historical sources connected with the study of the Archaic and Classical times: archaeological finds, literary and inscriptional evidence. Main representatives of the historiography of the periods. Week #2 Developments leading to the formation of the polis. The profile of the Greek world in the 9th and 8th cent. The role of religion and the appearance of sanctuaries. The Homeric poems-The world of Hesiod-The invention of the Greek Alphabet-Organization of communities-growth of population-The emergence of the city-states. Week #3 Greek Colonization (8th-6th cent.) Causes. The spread of Greek colonies and culture in the Mediterranean-Phases of the Colonization and its characteristic features-Political and social organization of the Greek communities during the age of Colonization-The effects of Colonization on the society. Week #4 Crisis of the aristocratic, autocratic regime-Transformation of the communities-Agrarian crisis-“Hoplite” revolution-laws- creation of an objective political framework: constitutions. The introduction of coinage. Week #5 The rise of the tyrants (Corinth, Sikyon,Argos, Samos). Week#6 The Greek World during the 6th cent. B.C. Law-givers. Lycurg and Sparta, Solon and Athens. Week #7 The tyranny of Peisistratus. Cleisthenes’ reforms and the beginning of Democracy. Ephialtes’ reforms. Further development of the polis. Week #8 Greek-Persian confrontation: Ionian revolution. Greek world and the Persian Empire till the Battle of Marathon. Themistocles: the politician and his naval programme. Xerxes’ campaign and the battles of the years 480-479. Week #9 The “Fifty Years” period (478-431B.C.): First Athenian (‘Delian’) League. Athens at the time of Pericles and the rise of the Athenian Hegemony-Nature and characteristic features of the Athenian imperialism. Week #10 Peloponnesian War. Week #11 The period of Spartan Hegemony. 4th cent. developments: Athens recovers from the effects of the Peloponnesian War (from the King’s Peace,386 B.C., till the founding of the Second Athenian League). Thebes and Boeotia. Week #12 The Rise of Macedonia till the times of Philipp II. Isocrates and the Panhellenic Idea. Battle of Chaeronea (338B.C.) and the Corinthian League (337B.C.). Week #13 Revision and preparation for the exams.
Archaic Period, Classical Period, institutions, Colonization
Educational Material Types
  • Slide presentations
  • Multimedia
  • Book
Use of Information and Communication Technologies
Use of ICT
  • Use of ICT in Course Teaching
Lectures supported by visual teaching material: map-studying, power-point presentations. Selected sources will be discussed and interpreted.
Course Organization
Reading Assigment142.54.8
Student Assessment
Written exam: 100%. Students are evaluated according to their ability to compose short essays on specific historical questions, to examine critically historical sources and generally to prove their understanding of the main issues in the study of Archaic and Classical Greece. The depth of understanding not the extent of fact- knowledge is the key factor for a successful exam. Course-attendance is considered necessary.
Student Assessment methods
  • Written Exam with Extended Answer Questions (Summative)
Course Bibliography (Eudoxus)
J. Hall, Αρχαία ελληνική ιστορία: η Αρχαϊκή περίοδος 1200-479 π.Χ., Θεσσαλονίκη 2013. J.K. Davies, Η δημοκρατία και η κλασική Ελλάδα, Θεσσαλονίκη 2014
Additional bibliography for study
I.Weiler,Griechische Geschichte. Einführung, Quellenkunde, Bibliographie, Darmstadt 1988. Γ.Α.Πίκουλας,Εισαγωγή στην Αρχαία Ελληνική Ιστορία και Αρχαιογνωσία, Αθήνα 2006. Propyläen-Weltgeschichte, III : Griechenland. Die hellenistische Welt,συνεργ. Fritz Schachermeyer, Alfred Heuß, C.Bradford Welles, Olof Gigon. J.Boardmann, J.Griffith, O Murray (επιμ.), The Oxford History of Greece and the Hellenistic World, 1986, 1991 [ελλ.μτφρ. Α. Τσοτσόρου-Μυστάκα, Η Ελλάδα και ο Ελληνιστικός Κόσμος, Αθήνα, εκδ.Νεφέλη 1996]. J.B.Bury-R.Meiggs, A History of Greece, London 19784 [αναθεωρημένη ανατύπωση] ελλ.μτφρ. Α.Τατάκη-Κ.Πετρόπουλος-Α.Παπαδημητρίου-Κ.Μπουραζέλης-Α.Ματθαίου, Ιστορία της Αρχαίας Ελλάδας μέχρι τον θάνατο του Μεγάλου Αλεξάνδρου, εκδ. Α.Καρδαμήτσα, Αθήνα 19922 [2τόμοι]. S.Hornblower,The Greek World, 479-323, 20023 [ελλ.μτφρ. Ε.Πέππα, Ο Ελληνικός Κόσμος (479-323π.Χ.), Αθήνα 2005. F.W.Walbank, The Hellenistic World, London 1981 [rev.1986, 1992], ελλ.μτφρ. [εκδ.1981] Τάσος Δαρβέρης, επιμ. Λ.Μανωλόπουλος, Π.Νίγδελης, Ο Ελληνιστικός Κόσμος, εκδ. Βάνιας, Θεσσαλονίκη 1993. Cl.Mossé – A.Schnapp-Gourbeillon, Επίτομη Ιστορία της Αρχαίας Ελλάδας (μτφρ. Λ.Στεφάνου), Αθήνα 1996. Cl. Mossé, Η Αρχαϊκή Ελλάδα. Από τον Όμηρο ως τον Αισχύλο (μτφρ. Σ.Πασχάλης), Αθήνα 1987. A.Andrews, Αρχαία Ελληνική Κοινωνία (μτφρ. Α.Παναγόπουλος), Αθήνα 1983. P.Carlier, Ο Ελληνικός κόσμος τον 4ο αι. (μτφρ. Μ.Στεφάνου, επιμ. Κ.Ζουμπουλάκης), Αθήνα 2005.
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