Geothermal Energy

Course Information
TitleΓΕΩΘΕΡΜΙΑ / Geothermal Energy
SchoolCivil Engineering
Cycle / Level1st / Undergraduate, 2nd / Postgraduate
Teaching PeriodWinter
Course ID20000271

Programme of Study: PPS TMĪMATOS POLITIKŌN MĪCΗANIKŌN (2018-2019)

Registered students: 53
OrientationAttendance TypeSemesterYearECTS
Division of Structural EngineeringElective Courses954
Division of Hydraulics and Environmental EngineeringElective Courses954
Division of Geotechnical EngineeringElective Courses954
Division of Transport and Project ManagementElective Courses954

Class Information
Academic Year2021 – 2022
Class PeriodWinter
Faculty Instructors
Weekly Hours3
Class ID
1. ΤΥ3200
Course Type 2021
Specialization / Direction
Course Type 2016-2020
  • Scientific Area
Course Type 2011-2015
Knowledge Deepening / Consolidation
Mode of Delivery
  • Face to face
Digital Course Content
The course is also offered to exchange programme students.
Language of Instruction
  • Greek (Instruction, Examination)
General Prerequisites
Basic knowledge of hydraulics
Learning Outcomes
With the succesful completion of the course, the students are expected to: - have basic knowledge on heat transfer mechanisms, heat sources in Earth's interior and thermal state of Earth's interior. - have basic knowledge on geothermal fields, origins of geothermal water, classification of hydrothemal systems and high energy geothermal energy. - be able to plan development of low enthalpy geothermal energy. - be able to evaluate and classify geothermal resources. - be able to communicate and cooperate with scientists specializing in related fields (e.g. geologists).
General Competences
  • Apply knowledge in practice
  • Retrieve, analyse and synthesise data and information, with the use of necessary technologies
  • Make decisions
  • Work in an interdisciplinary team
  • Design and manage projects
  • Respect natural environment
  • Advance free, creative and causative thinking
Course Content (Syllabus)
Basic notions. Heat transfer mechanisms. Heat sources in Earth’s interior. Thermal state of the Earth’s interior. Geothermal fields. Origin of geothermal waters. Classification of hydrothemal systems. High enthalpy geothermal energy (production of geothermal fluid, boiling, protective appurtenances, electricity production, performance indices, environmental impact). Low enthalpy geothermal energy (production of geothermal fluid, mathematical simulation of flow and heat transfer in geothermal aquifers, uses of geothermal energy, district heating networks, environmental impact, optimization). Hot dry rocks. Financial evaluation of geothermal resources. Exploration and assessment of geothermal resources. Legal framework.
geothermal energy, geothermal fields, hydrothermal systems, hot dry rocks, enhanced geothermal systems, heat pumps, geothermal exploration, geysers, renewable energy sources, optimization
Educational Material Types
  • Notes
  • Slide presentations
  • Video lectures
  • Multimedia
  • Interactive excersises
  • Book
Use of Information and Communication Technologies
Use of ICT
  • Use of ICT in Course Teaching
  • Use of ICT in Communication with Students
  • Use of ICT in Student Assessment
Interactive communication through email, facebook, Microsoft Teams (due to COVID-19 teaching is conducted through MS Teams), optional sychronous tests through MS Τeams, use of optional asychronous online tests in google forms format.
Course Organization
Reading Assigment521.9
Field trips and participation in conferences / seminars / activities50.2
Student Assessment
Final written exam. 5-6 written, non-mandatory tests. Each test grade is taken into account (as 10% of the final grade), only if it is higher than the grade of the final exam.
Student Assessment methods
  • Written Exam with Short Answer Questions (Summative)
  • Written Exam with Problem Solving (Summative)
  • Other / Others (Summative)
Course Bibliography (Eudoxus)
1. Φυτίκας Μ. και Ν. Ανδρίτσος «Γεωθερμία», Εκδόσεις Τζιόλα, 2004 2. Καρυδάκης Γ.Ι. «Γεωθερμική Ενέργεια», Αθήνα, 2005
Additional bibliography for study
Κατσιφαράκης Κ.Λ. «Βέλτιστη Εκμετάλλευση Γεωθερμικού Πεδίου Χαμηλής Ενθαλπίας με Σύστημα Πηγαδιών», Διδακτορική διατριβή, Πολυτεχνική Σχολή Α.Π.Θ., 1986. Παυλίδης Σπ., «Παν-γαία (Παγγαία)», Εκδόσεις Leader Books, 2007. Παπαχρήστου Μ., «Συμβολή στη διαχείριση γεωθερμικών ταμιευτήρων χαμηλής ενθαλπίας με τη χρήση αριθμητικών προσομοιώσεων. Εφαρμογή στη λεκάνη του Παρισιού», Διδακτορική Διατριβή, Τμήμα Γεωλογίας Α.Π.Θ., 2011. Πολύζου Ο. «Γεωθερμία - βιώσιμη ανάπτυξη και τοπικές κοινωνίες», Διδακτορική διατριβή, Σχολή Μηχανικών Μεταλλείων – Μεταλλουργών Ε.Μ.Π., 2007. Τολίκας Δ. «Υπόγεια Υδραυλική», Εκδόσεις Παρατηρητής, Θεσσαλονίκη, 1997. Τσιλιγκιρίδης Γ. «Ανανεώσιμες Πηγές Ενέργειας», Εκδόσεις Α.Π.Θ, Θεσσαλονίκη, 2008. Bjornsson S. and V. Stefansson, “Heat and Mass Transport in Geothermal Reservoirs”, in “Advances in Transport Phenomena in Porous Media” (J. Bear and M.Y. Corapcioglu eds), pp. 143-183, M. Nijhoff Publishers, 1987. Bowen R. “Geothermal resources”, Elsevier Applied Science, 1989. Boyle G. “Renewable energy. Power for a sustainable future”, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1996. Buntebarth G. «Geothermics. An Introduction», Springer-Verlag, 1984. Cataldi R., S.F. Hodgson and J.F. Lund (eds) “Stories from a heated Earth”, Geothermal Resources Council-International Geothermal Association, 1999. Chamorro C.R., M.E. Mondéjar, R. Ramos, J.J. Segovia, M.C. Martín, M.A. Villamañán “World geothermal power production status: Energy, environmental and economic study of high enthalpy technologies”, Energy, Vol., 42 pp. 10-18, 2012. DiPippo R. “Geothermal power plants. Principles, applications, case studies and environmental impact”, HB, 2nd edition, 2007. Erfurt-Cooper P. “The importance of natural geothermal resources in tourism”, Proc. of Geothermal World Congress, Bali, Indonesia, 2010. Fanelli M. and M. H. Dickson (eds) “Geothermal Energy”, Wiley, 1995. Florides G. and S. Kalogirou “Ground heat exchangers-A review of systems, models and applications”, Renewable Energy, Vol. 32, pp. 2461–2478, 2007. Grant M., I. Donaldson and P. Bixley, “Geothermal Reservoir Engineering”, Academic Press, 1982. Gupta H. and S. Roy “Geothermal energy: An alternative source for the 21st century”, Elsevier, 2007. Harrison R., N. D. Mortimer and O. B. Smarason “Geothermal Heating. A handbook of engineering economics”, Pergamon Press, 1990. Kappelmeyer D. and R. Haenel, «Geothermics with Special Reference to Application», Gebruder Borntraeger, 1974. Kruger P. and C. Otte (eds), “Geothermal Energy Resources, Production, Simulation”, Stanford University Press, 1973. Lund J.W., D.H. Freeston and T.L. Boyd., “Direct application of geothermal energy: 2005 worldwide review”, Geothermics, Vol. 34, pp. 691-727, 2005. Majer E.L, R. Baria, M. Stark, S. Oates, J. Bommer, B. Smith and H. Asanuma “Induced seismicity associated with Enhanced Geothermal Systems”, Geothermics, Vol. 36, pp. 185–222, 2007. McVeigh J., D. Burtraw, J. Darmstadter, K. Palmer, K. “Winner, loser, or innocent victim? Has renewable energy performed as expected?” Solar Energy, 68(3), pp. 237-255, 2000. Ruggero Bertani E. «World geothermal generation in 2007». GHC Bulletin, pp. 1-12, 2007. Smith J. M., H.C. Van Ness, M.M. Abbot «Εισαγωγή στη Θερμοδυναμική», (μετάφρ. Σ.Κ. Πολυματίδου), Εκδόσεις Τζιόλα, 1998. Stefansson V. “Economic aspects of geothermal development”, Paper presented at the International Workshop on Direct Use of Geothermal Energy, Ljublijana, Slovenia, 1999. Tselepidou Κ. and K.L. Katsifarakis “Optimization of the exploitation system of a low enthalpy geothermal aquifer with zones of different transmissivities and temperatures”, Renewable Energy, Vol. 35, pp.1408-1413, 2010.
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