This course aims in understanding key issues in marine and terrestrial plant responses to biotic and abiotic stress (e.g. water deficit, salinity,light, oxygen, nutrients, oxidative stress, ultraviolet irradiance, climate changes, toxic chemicals)and the response(morphological, physiological and biochemical adaptation)and stategies-mechanisms of plants to abiotic stress. Students will become familiar with examples on environmental effects on plant physiology, with techniques of plant ecophysiology (e.g. fluorescence, spectrophotometry, enzyme and non-enzyme mechanisms) and finally raise awareness on human interventions in land and aquatic environments.Practical laboratory exersice (laboratory precedure, preparation and presentation of short essays, familiarity with literature search, study books and articles).
Course Content (Syllabus)
Response of marine macrophytes and terrestrial plants to abiotic and biotic stress. Cellular, molecular, structural, physiological and biochemical adaptation as well as stategies of plants against stress. Responses of marine macrophytes to light, oxygen and nutrients deficiency, to sedimentation, mechanical and oxidative stress, extreme temperatures, ultraviolet radiation, etc. Water deficit and terrestrial plant tolerance to drought and frost. Effects of salinity on terestrial plants and mechanisms of adaptation and resistance in saline soils. Extreme temperatures and plant acclimation. Climate changes and acid rain and their effects on marine and terrestrial plants. Ecotoxicological responses of plants to toxic chemical toxicity(eg. metals and metal nanoparticles, xenoestrogens). Responses of plants to pathogens and alien species.