General Bacteriology, Mycology, Virology, Immunology

Course Information
TitleΓΕΝΙΚΗ ΒΑΚΤΗΡΙΟΛΟΓΙΑ, ΜΥΚΗΤΟΛΟΓΙΑ, ΙΟΛΟΓΙΑ, ΑΝΟΣΟΛΟΓΙΑ / General Bacteriology, Mycology, Virology, Immunology
FacultyHealth Sciences
Cycle / Level1st / Undergraduate
Teaching PeriodWinter
Course ID200000839

Programme of Study: PPS Tmīmatos Ktīniatrikīs (2020-2021)

Registered students: 122
OrientationAttendance TypeSemesterYearECTS
KORMOSCompulsory Course327

Class Information
Academic Year2021 – 2022
Class PeriodWinter
Faculty Instructors
Weekly Hours74
Class ID
Course Type 2016-2020
  • Scientific Area
Course Type 2011-2015
Specific Foundation / Core
Mode of Delivery
  • Face to face
  • Distance learning
The course is also offered to exchange programme students.
Language of Instruction
  • Greek (Instruction, Examination)
  • English (Examination)
Learning Outcomes
• Get to know the basic features and pathogenesis of microorganisms (harmful or not), especially those that lead to infectious disease or change of health state • Get to know the reactions of the animal to invasion by microbes (immunity) and our interventions capabilities for the benefit of animal (eg vaccines) • To learn different sampling methods for pathological material, diagnosis, control, therapy, prevention. Biosecurity principles • To learn different methods of detection, isolation and cultivation of microorganisms • To work out special manipulations necessary for their subsequent careers.
General Competences
  • Apply knowledge in practice
  • Retrieve, analyse and synthesise data and information, with the use of necessary technologies
  • Make decisions
  • Work autonomously
  • Work in teams
  • Work in an international context
  • Work in an interdisciplinary team
  • Generate new research ideas
  • Respect natural environment
  • Advance free, creative and causative thinking
Course Content (Syllabus)
According to "WORLD ORGANISATION FOR ANIMAL HEALTH- Veterinary Education Core Curriculum. OIE Guidelines (Sept 2013)"-( & to "OIE recommendations on the Competencies of graduating veterinarians (‘Day 1 graduates’) to assure National Veterinary Services of quality" ( course content should be augmented with appropriate laboratory or other hands-on experience and provide the veterinary student with a broad understanding of basic microbiological principles (e.g., physical and chemical characteristics of bacteria, fungi, viruses, prions; replication and transmission processes; classification schemes; isolation and identification), and the prognostic and diagnostic value of available laboratory tests. Focus should be on general basic principles, with more advanced focus on pathogens impacting animal and public health, reportable disease agents, and agents of particular significance to Greece. Also the study of the structure and function of the immune system; innate and acquired immunity; mechanisms that allow bodily distinction of self from non-self; and the basics of vaccinology (i.e., vaccine development and vaccination theory and practice). Course content should provide the veterinary student with a broad understanding of fundamental immunological concepts and mechanisms and the ability to apply these to appropriate settings (e.g., control and prevention of infectious diseases; use of immunotherapies; use and interpretation of immunologic-based diagnostic tests). Instruction can be focused on animal species of particular relevance to Greece, and comparative features among species should be highlighted. GENERAL bacteriology 1st Introduction to Microbiology: Generally about microorganisms, Historical Review, The 'offices of Koch ». Evolutionary relationships & Diversity of microorganisms: Features of prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms. Evolutionary relationships, evolutionary "indicators" Diversity of prokaryotic and eukaryotic [VS] 2 to 4 Morphology and Layout bacteria. Bacterial cell Structure: Cell wall, plasma membrane, cytoplasm, sheath, eyelashes, whiskers, seeds. Polymorphism-Degenerative forms of bacteria: protoplasts, spheroplasts, L-forms [EP] Fifth Metabolism bacteria. Nutrition bacteria: Nutritional categories, nutritional and biological requirements, nutrient transport. Categories bacteria depending on their needs O2 and temperature of development. Development of bacteria. Nutritional interactions [EP] 6 to 7 genetics of bacteria: Structure and function of bacterial genome. Evolution and adaptation of bacteria. Genetic recombination (homologous, special position). Genetically soicheia (transposable elements, plasmids). Islets pathogenic. Genetic transfer mechanisms (transformation, transduction, conjugation). Speciation [VS.] 8th -9H Factors pathogenic bacteria: Toxins & enzymes. Antimicrobial agents: mechanisms of action of antimicrobials, antivioantochi. Sterilization, disinfection, antisepsis. Normal flora [EP] 10 to 11 Systematic of bacteria: Classification of bacteria based on the phenotypic and genotypic characteristics. Genus, species, subspecies, serotype / biotype strain bacteria. Identification of bacteria. Nomenclature bacteria. Classification of bacteria in Bergey [VS] GENERAL mycology 1 to 3 Generally about fungi: Morphology, Development-Growing fungi Persistence-Diaspora Play (Rude & Native) Sort fungi. Mycotoxins [Ch.D., WS] EXERCISES VAKTIRIOLOGIAS (6 x 3 hours) [EP, VS ] First x 3 Safety Microbiology Laboratory (safe handling in the laboratory, collective and individual protection measures). Microscopy bacteria (microscopy techniques, characterization of bacteria based on the shape and layout). Friday coatings (fresh & fixed coatings, types of stains). Second x 3 Advanced staining bacteria (Gram staining and staining Ziehl-Nielsen). Special stains: Giemsa Staining 3rd x 3 Growing bacteria. Media for the growth of bacteria (species broth). Inoculation bacteria on substrates. Incubation under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. Bacterial culture characteristics. Isolation of bacteria. Maintenance and crop destruction. 4th x 3 Biochemical identification of bacteria based on special substrates (Biochemical series) and API. 5th x 3 Detection and identification of bacteria by standard serological methods (agglutination, complement fixation). Detection and identification of bacteria by molecular methods (PCR, Sequencing, RFLP). Sixth x 3 bacterial sensitivity test to antibacterial agents (antibiogram). GENERAL VIROLOGY 1 to 2 Introduction to Virology. Nature and origin, shape and size of viruses. Architectural structure of the viral particle. Genome, capsid, envelope or folder. Functional properties of the nucleic acid and the viral proteins [SK.] 3rd -4 Chemical composition and classification of viruses. Chemical composition of viruses. Influence of physicochemical factors on viruses. Classification and nomenclature of viruses. Multiplication or antityposi. Entry of virus into host cells. Transcription and genome replication, production of structural proteins, formation and maturation of viral particles [SK.] 5 to 6 Effects of viral propagation in the host cells. Cytopathic effect, persistent infection, transformation-oncogenesis. Effect of the host cells in the multiplication of viruses. Homologous interference-defective viral particles. Heterologous interference-antiviral activity of interferons [SK] 7 to 8 Genetic antiviral. Genetic diversity, fitness, evolution, speciation and phylogenetic relationships of viruses. Emerging viruses. Mechanisms emergence of new viruses [SK.] IMMUNOLOGY 1 to 2 Introduction to Immunology. Types of immunity. Fundamentals each acquired immune response. Operations acquired immune summary mechanism. Types of acquired immune responses. Antigens. Definition. The characteristics of the antigens. Epitopes and paratope. The cross-reacting antigens. Haptens and carriers. Clinical significance of hapten. Conditions for inducing immune response. Antibodies. Definition. The characteristics of the antibodies. Structure and antigenicity of the antibodies. The biological properties of the antibodies. The variety of antibodies. Classes and subclasses of immunoglobulins. Incomplete or blocking antibodies. Monoclonal antibodies (production and applications). Antigen-antibody binding [VS] 3 to 4 The immune system. Definition. Cells of the immune system. Lymphocytes - types of lymphocytes. Antigen presenting cells - types of antigen presenting cells and antigen presentation to B and T lymphocytes. Active cells. Tissues of the immune system. Primary and secondary lymphoid organs. Activation, differentiation and activity of T lymphocytes - cellular immunity. Activation and differentiation of B lymphocytes - humoral immunity. Primary and secondary immune response of B lymphocytes. Factors influencing the production of antibodies. Primary and secondary immune response of T lymphocytes. [VS] 5 to 7 regulators of immune responses proteins cytokines, interleukins, interferons, lymphokines, Monokines. Systems histocompatibility organism. Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC). Genes and the MHC antigens, histocompatibility antigens structure. Role of MHC in regulating the immune response and in transplantation. Technical preventing transplant rejection. Histocompatibility antigens of blood groups. Antigens of blood groups. Antibodies against blood group antigens. Blood transfusion and transfusion syndrome. Blood Groups of pets. Hemolytic disease of the newborn (isoerythrolysi, erythroblastosis). The complement system. Factors and pathways of complement activation. Classical activation pathway C3, alternative activation pathway of C3, C3 activation of the lectin. Biological activity of activated complement deficiency in supplement [EP] 8th -9 Allergies and other similar reactions. Autoreactive immune etiology. Innate and acquired immunity (resistance): Role of antibodies. Cellular cytotoxicity Phagocytosis: Neutralization microbial toxins. Installation passive immunity. [SK] 10th -12H immunity against infectious agents. Defence mechanisms of the organism. Immune defense mechanisms. Immunity against bacteria, viruses, fungi Immunology playback. Immunity to the fetus and newborn interventions on the immune system. Methods of stimulation and suppression of the immune system [SK] EXERCISES-BIOLOGY IMMUNOLOGY (6 x 3 hours) [SK.] Isolation and identification of viruses in cell cultures, embryonated eggs, and animals. Preparation and Use of cell cultures, embryonated eggs and animals in Virology. Detection and titration of virus by standard methods (hemagglutination, hemoperfusion, method of determining the mean infectious dose of virus, plaque counting method of creating the virus). Detection and identification of viruses using molecular methods (polymerase chain reaction (PCR), RT-PCR, real-time PCR, molecular hybridization, microarrays DNA, LAMP, NASBA). Detection and titration of antibodies and viruses by serological methods (serum neutralization, hemagglutination inhibition, izimatinantidrasi). Detection and titration of antibodies and viruses by serological methods (ELISA-, immunofluorescence, immunoperoxidase, rapid immunochromatographic methods, Western blotting). Immunoprophylaxis against infectious agents. Passive immunization. Active immunization
bacteriology, mycology, virology, immunology
Educational Material Types
  • Notes
  • Slide presentations
  • Video lectures
  • Book
Use of Information and Communication Technologies
Use of ICT
  • Use of ICT in Course Teaching
  • Use of ICT in Laboratory Teaching
  • Use of ICT in Communication with Students
  • Use of ICT in Student Assessment
Course Organization
Laboratory Work75
Written assigments
Student Assessment
According to "OIE recommendations on the Competencies of graduating veterinarians (‘Day 1 graduates’) to assure National Veterinary Services of quality" ( Day 1 Competencies addressed by this class are: Zoonoses, Epidemiology, Transboundary animal diseases, Disease prevention and control programmes, Emerging and re-emerging diseases, Food hygiene, Veterinary products, Management of contagious diseases
Student Assessment methods
  • Written Exam with Multiple Choice Questions (Formative)
  • Written Exam with Short Answer Questions (Formative)
  • Written Assignment (Formative)
  • Written Exam with Problem Solving (Formative)
Course Bibliography (Eudoxus)
• Στοιχεία Κτηνιατρικής Ανοσολογίας (Γ. Κοπτόπουλος – Εκδοτικός οίκος αδελφών Κυριακίδη, Θεσσαλονίκη, 2003) • Σημειώσεις Γενικής Βακτηριολογίας. Πετρίδου Ε. • Σημειώσεις Κτηνιατρικής Βακτηριολογίας και Βακτηριακών Νοσημάτων. Πετρίδου Ε.
Additional bibliography for study
• Κτηνιατρική Ανοσολογία. Εισαγωγή Μετάφραση-επιμέλεια στην Ελληνική του “Veterinary Immunology. An Introduction” του I.R. Tizard, 8th Edn, Μετάφραση-Επιμέλεια: Φρύδας Σταύρος, Χατζηστυλιανού Μαρία, Κρήτας Σπυρίδων, Συμεωνίδου Ησαΐα, Εκδόσεις Παρισιάνου Α.Ε. ISBN 9789603948209 pp 684 (2013 για την Ελληνική έκδοση)
Last Update