Upon completion of the course the students will 1) know the working conditions in Greek forestry and abroad, 2) will be able to select thε proper working equipment, 3) be aware of safety hazards, 4) be able to calculate work productivity and work cost and 5) will be able to minimize the environmental impacts of forest operations by means of re-organization.
Course Content (Syllabus)
1. HARVEST PREPARATION: Management plan, transport facilities, equipment, staff, buildings, harvesting season. Work method. Tree marking. Harvesting plan.
2. HARVESTING EQUIPMENT: Axes, Saws, (Hand saws and chainsaws), Wedges, Hooks, tree rotators and hammers. Meters. Debarking equipment, other machinery, animals. Woodworker accessories.
3. HARVEST OPERATIONS: Tree felling. Felling direction. Felling technique. Shaping, branching, bucking and debarking of logs. Wood chipping. Firewood preparation. Wood extraction. Upper landings. Logging residues
4. FOREST WORKERS: Forest work. Training of the forestry workforce. Accidents. Promotion of safety and health in forest operations.
5. MECHANIZATION OF WORK: Advantages and disadvantages of mechanization of forest work. Application of mechanical means especially in Greece
6. ECONOMIC VIEWS: Harvesting costs (a. Remuneration of forest workers, b. Costs of purchase and use of tools, animals and machinery, c. Administration and management costs, d. Costs of buildings and forest roads). Cost calculation. Time studies. Timing methods. Selection of foresters. Data collection sheets. Employment costs of tools, animals and machinery. Importance of time studies.
7. WORK ORGANIZATION: Forestry requirements. Place of work. Foresters. Problems of Greek foresters.
8. RESIN HARVEST: Resin tapping methods a. Bark removal and b. Peeling and chemical effect. Consequences of resin. Factors affecting resin production.