Course Information
FacultyPhysical Education and Sport Science
SchoolPhysical Education and Sports Sciences (Thessaloniki)
Cycle / Level1st / Undergraduate
Teaching PeriodWinter
CoordinatorTheofanis Siatras
Course ID400000001

Programme of Study: UPS of School of Physical Education and Sports Science (2014-2015)

Registered students: 378
OrientationAttendance TypeSemesterYearECTS
CoreCompulsory Applied Courses324

Class Information
Academic Year2021 – 2022
Class PeriodWinter
Faculty Instructors
Instructors from Other Categories
Weekly Hours3
Class ID
Course Type 2021
Specific Foundation
Course Type 2016-2020
  • Scientific Area
  • Skills Development
Course Type 2011-2015
Specific Foundation / Core
Mode of Delivery
  • Face to face
  • Distance learning
The course is also offered to exchange programme students.
Language of Instruction
  • Greek (Instruction, Examination)
Learning Outcomes
After successful completion of this course, students would be able to understand the techniques of gymnastics skills, and they could perform in practice a part of them and apply gymnastics aid modalities. In addition, students will be able to apply various teaching methods for exercises learning, in all men and women gymnastics apparatus.
General Competences
  • Apply knowledge in practice
  • Retrieve, analyse and synthesise data and information, with the use of necessary technologies
  • Make decisions
  • Work autonomously
  • Work in teams
  • Be critical and self-critical
Course Content (Syllabus)
TEACHING UNITS OF THEORETICAL (a) AND PRACTICAL PART (b) 1. a) The apparatus of gymnastics (Classification, Use, Handling, Combinations, Security, Dimensions, particularities). b) Exercises and games for acquaintance, preparation and familiarization with the apparatus of gymnastics. 2. a) Gymnastics as a sport, activity and subject of Physical education. Historical background of gymnastics. b) Exercise forms in the gymnastics apparatus. (Circular, stations, games, etc.). Learning the movements and acquisition of basic body positions-postures. 3. a) The terminology of gymnastics. The types of movements in gymnastics. b) Exercise forms for development of orientation in curves around the body axes. Forward and backward rolls. 4. a) The Fundamental basic techniques of swings in the apparatus of gymnastics. b) Support swings and hanging swings in different apparatus. 5. a) The handstand. Technical and methodical learning process. b) Circuit practicing in special exercises for the acquisition and improvement of the handstand. 6. a) The jumps in school sports. The characteristics of gymnastic and acrobatic jumps. b) jumps and flights. Practicing basic gymnastic jumps with varying types. 7. a) Technical and methodical learning process of squat vault. b) Teaching and practicing of squat vault. 8. a) Technical and methodical learning process of cartwheel and round off. b) Teaching and practice of cartwheel and round off. 9. a) Technical and methodical learning process of straddle vault. b) Teaching and practicing of straddle vault. 10. a) Technical and methodical learning process of pendulum and circle swings. b) Teaching and practicing of pendulum swings. Legs undercut from the side support. 11. a) The forward and backward uprise. Features, technical and methodical learning process. b) Learning of forward and backward uprise under easy conditions. 12. a) Combinations of exercises and programs composition οn the gymnastics apparatus. b) Training in basic combinations of exercises that have been taught. 13. a) Summary and discussion of the major themes of the material. b) Group training for the composition and for the execution of programs οn the gymnastics apparatus.
Gymnastics, Competitive artistic gymnastics, Skills mechanics, Floor exercise, Balance beam, Pommel horse, Still rings, Vaulting, Parallel bars, Horizontal bar, Uneven bars
Educational Material Types
  • Notes
  • Book
Use of Information and Communication Technologies
Use of ICT
  • Use of ICT in Course Teaching
  • Use of ICT in Communication with Students
  • Use of ICT in Student Assessment
Course Organization
Written assigments100.4
Student Assessment
Final examinations include assessment of students in theory (40%) and practice (60%). The level of theoretical knowledge is assessed by questions included in the syllabus of the semester. The practical part of the examination carried out by performing programs in three apparatus of gymnastics (floor exercises, vaulting and even an apparatus of free choice of students), including the exercises taught during the semester. The ability of the students in the methodical and didactic of the semester exercises is also evaluated and the aid modalities and security that they apply are taken into account. The assessment of the level of theoretical knowledge is done in writing or orally, with questions included in the material of the semester. Also, individual or group work (optional) can be prepared, with the free choice of a gymnastics topic.
Student Assessment methods
  • Written Exam with Multiple Choice Questions (Formative, Summative)
  • Written Exam with Short Answer Questions (Summative)
  • Written Assignment (Formative)
  • Oral Exams (Formative, Summative)
  • Practical examination (Formative, Summative)
Course Bibliography (Eudoxus)
1) Μιλτιάδης Πρώιος (2011). Διδακτική της Ενόργανης Γυμναστικής (Κωδικός στο σύστημα ΕΥΔΟΞΟΣ: 12867613) ΤΣΙΑΡΤΣΙΑΝΗΣ ΑΘ. & ΣΙΑ Ο.Ε., Θεσσαλονίκη. 2) Βασίλειος Καϊμακάμης (2003). Ενόργανη γυμναστική Η΄(Κωδικός στο σύστημα ΕΥΔΟΞΟΣ: 89399), Θεσσαλονίκη.
Additional bibliography for study
1) Σιάτρας Θ. (2016). Ενόργανη γυμναστική (Μηχανική, Τεχνική, Προασκήσεις, Βοήθεια, Λάθη, Επιστημονικές έρευνες). Εκδόσεις University Studio Press (Αναθεωρημένη έκδοση), Θεσσαλονίκη. 2) Πρώιος Μιλ. (2021). Διδακτική της Ενόργανης Γυμναστικής. Εκδόσεις Όλυμπος (Βελτιωμένη έκδοση), Θεσσαλονίκη. 3) Καϊμακάμης Β. (2003). Ενόργανη γυμναστική Η. Βασίλειος Καϊμακάμης, Θεσσαλονίκη. 4) Κυριαλάνης Π., Σατρατζέμης Ι. (2010). Ενόργανη γυμναστική. Εκδότης: Ιωάννης Σατρατζέμης, Αθήνα. 5) Μυλώσης Δ., Σιάτρας Θ., Χριστούλας Κ., Πατίκας Κ. (2018). Ισομετρική ροπή και αναλογία καμπτήρων/εκτεινόντων μυών των ώμων αθλητών ενόργανης γυμναστικής και φοιτητών φυσικής αγωγής. Αναζητήσεις στη Φυσική Αγωγή και τον Αθλητισμό, 16(1): 8-22. 6) Σιάτρας Θ., Δούκα Ι., Μαμελετζή Δ., Παπανικολάου Α. (2007). Η εξέλιξη της κινητικότητας των αρθρώσεων σε κορίτσια ενόργανης γυμναστικής. Αθλητική Απόδοση & Υγεία, VI(1): 51-60. 7) Σιάτρας Θ. (2009). Κακώσεις στις επιφύσεις των οστών των αθλητών και αθλητριών της ενόργανης γυμναστικής και επιπτώσεις στην ανάπτυξή τους. Ελληνική Ιατρική, 75(3): 204-214. 8) Σιάτρας Θ. (2010). Επίδραση της ενόργανης γυμναστικής στην οστική πυκνότητα των νεαρών αθλητών. Ελληνική Ιατρική, 76(1): 19-27. ΕΠΙΠΡΟΣΘΕΤΗ ΞΕΝΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΓΡΑΦΙΑ ΕΝΟΡΓΑΝΗΣ ΓΥΜΝΑΣΤΙΚΗΣ 1) Arampatzis Α., Brüggemann G.-P. (1998). Mechanical energetic processes during the giant swing before the Tkatchev exercise. Journal of Biomechanics, 34: 505-512. 2) Arampatzis Α., Brüggemann G.-P. (2001). A mathematical high bar-human body model for analysing and interpreting mechanical-energetic processes on the high bar. Journal of Biomechanics, 31: 1083-1092. 3) Arampatzis Α., Morey-Klapsing G., Brüggemann G.-P. (2003). The effect of falling height on muscle activity and foot motion during landings. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 13: 533–544. 4) Bradshaw E.J., Hume P.A. (2012). Biomechanical approaches to identify and quantify injury mechanisms and risk factors in women’s artistic gymnastics. Sports Biomechanics, 11: 324–341. 5) Caine D., Nassar L. (2005). Gymnastics injuries. Medicine and Sport Science, 2005; 48: 18-58. 6) Caine D.J., Russell K., Lim L. (2013). Handbook of sports medicine and science Gymnastics. Wiley-Blackwell. Oxford. 7) Daly R.M., Rich A.R., Klein R., Bass S.L. (2000). Short stature in competitive prepubertal and early pubertal male gymnasts: The result of selection bias or intense training. Journal of Pediatrics, 137: 510-516. 8) DiFiori J.P., Caine D.J., Malina R.M. (2006). Wrist pain, distal radial physeal injury, and ulnar variance in the young gymnast. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 34(5): 840-848. 9) Fujihara T., Gervais P. (2012). Circles with a suspended aid: Reducing pommel reaction forces. Sports Biomechanics, 11(1): 34–47. 10) Gervais P., Dunn J. (2003). The double back salto dismount from the parallel bars. Sports Biomechanics, 2(1): 85-101. 11) Hiley M.J., Apostolidis A., Yeadon M.R. (2011). Loads on a gymnastics safety support system during maximal use. Journal of Sports Engineering and Technology, 225 (1): 1–7. 12) Jemni M. (2011). The science of gymnastics. Routledge, New York. 13) Keller M.S. (2009). Gymnastics injuries and imaging in children. Pediatric Radiology, 39: 1299–1306. 14) Kerr Z.Y., Hayden R., Barr M., Klossner D.A., Dompier T.P. (2015). Epidemiology of national collegiate athletic association women's gymnastics injuries, 2009-2010 through 2013-2014. Journal of Athletic Training, 50(8): 870-878 15) Koyama K., Nakazato K., Min S.K., Gushiken K., Hatakeda Y., Seo K.., Hiranuma K. (2013). Radiological abnormalities and low back pain in gymnasts. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 34(3):218-222. 16) Milosis D., Siatras Th. (2012). Sex differences in young gymnasts’ postural steadiness. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 114(1): 319-328. 17) Milosis D., Siatras Th., Christoulas K., Patikas D. (2020). Construct validity of gymnastics-specific assessment on the neuromuscular function of shoulder flexor and extensor muscles. Sports Biomechanics, DOI: 10.1080/14763141.2020.1772861. 18) Milosis D., Siatras Th., Proios M., Proios M.C., Christoulas K., Papaioannou A. (2018). Accuracy of university students’ skill-specific, self-efficacy and self-efficacy-performance in gymnastics relationship. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 49(5): 429-447. 19) Milosis D., Papaioannou A., Siatras Th., Proios M., Proios M.C. (2015). Gender differences on attitudes and participation in an extracurricular gymnastics course among Greek university students. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education. 34(3): 424-441. 20) Modlesky C.M., Majumdar S., Dudley G.A. (2008). Trabecular bone microarchitecture in female collegiate gymnasts. Osteoporosis International, 19: 1011-1118. 21) Overlin A.J., Chima B., Erickson S. (2011). Update on artistic gymnastics. Current Sports Medicine Reports, 10(5): 304-309. 22) Papavasiliou A., Siatras Th., Bintoudi A., Milosis D., Lallas V., Sykaras E., Karantanas A. (2014). The gymnasts’ hip and groin: A magnetic resonance imaging study in asymptomatic elite athletes. Skeletal Radiology, 43(8): 1071-1077. 23) Penitente G., Sands W.A. (2015). Exploratory investigation of impact loads during the forward handspring vault. Journal of Human Kinetics, 46: 59-68. 24) Prassas S.G. Kwon Y.-H., Sands W.A. (2006). Biomechanical Research in Artistic Gymnastics: A Review. Sports Biomechanics, 5(2): 261-291. 25) Potop V., Timnea O.C., Mihaiu C., Manole C. (2014). Biomechanical characteristics of back double salto dismount off the uneven bars. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 14(2): 248-253. 26) Sands B. (2011). Biomechanics for gymnastics. In: M. Jemni (Ed.), The science of gymnastics. Routledge, New York. p. 55. 27) Sands W.A. (2000). Injury prevention in women’s gymnastics. Sports Medicine, 30(5): 359–373. 28) Siatras Th. (2011). Computer-assisted image analysis for measuring body segmental angles during a static strength element on parallel bars: validity and reliability. Sports Biomechanics, 10(2): 135-145. 29) Siatras Th., Skaperda M., Mameletzi D. (2010). Reliability of anthropometric measurements in young male and female artistic gymnasts. Medical Problems of Performing Artists, 25(4): 162-166. 30) Siatras Th., Skaperda M., Mameletzi D. (2009). Anthropometric characteristics and delayed growth in young artistic gymnasts. Medical Problems of Performing Artists, 24(2): 91-96. 31) Siatras Th., Douka I., Milosis D. (2010). Feasibility and reproducibility of muscular strength measures in gymnastics-specific body positions using hand-held dynamometry. Isokinetics and Exercise Science, 18(4): 223-234. 32) Siatras Th., Papadopoulos G., Mameletzi D., Gerodimos V., Kellis S. (2003). Static and dynamic acute stretching effect on gymnasts’ speed in vaulting. Pediatric Exercise Science, 15(4): 383-391. 33) Siatras Th., Mameletzi D. (2014). The female athlete triad in gymnastics. Science of Gymnastics Journal, 6(1): 5-22. 34) Siatras Th. (2014). Synergist and antagonist muscles static stretching acute effect during a V-sit position on parallel bars. Science of Gymnastics Journal, 6(3): 49-59. 35) Terra M.P., Maas M.,, Nusman C.M., Navas-Canete A., DeJonge M.C. (2011). Common injuries in gymnasts. Medical Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging, 347-365. 36) Wade M., Campbell A., Smith A., Norcott J., O'Sullivan P. (2012). Investigation of spinal posture signatures and ground reaction forces during landing in elite female gymnasts. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 28(6): 677-686. 37) Webb B., Rettig L. (2008). Gymnastic wrist injuries. Current Sports Medicine Reports, 7: 289-295. 38) Westermann R.W., Giblin M.,Vaske A., Grosso K., Wolf B.R. (2015). Evaluation of men’s and women’s gymnastics injuries: A 10-year observational study. Sports Health, 7(2): 161-165. 39) Zetaruk M.N. (2000). The young gymnast. Clinics in Sports Medicine. 19(4): 757-780. 40) Zivcic-Markovic K., Sporis Γ., Cavar I., Aleksic-Veljkovic A, Milanovic Z. (2012). Biomechanical evaluation of exercises for performing a forward handspring - Case Study. Journal of Human Kinetics, 34: 21-32.
Last Update